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Matthew 1

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
2Abraham became the father of Isaac, and Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob became the father of Judah and his brothers, 3and Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez became the father of Hezron, and Hezron became the father of Aram,#Although the Greek text reads “Aram,” many English versions substitute the Old Testament form of the name, “Ram” (cf. 1 Chr 2:9; Ruth 4:19), here and in the following verse 4and Aram became the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon became the father of Salmon, 5and Salmon became the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz became the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed became the father of Jesse, 6and Jesse became the father of David the king.
And David became the father of Solomon by the wife#*The word “wife” is not in the Greek text, but is implied idiomatically of Uriah, 7and Solomon became the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam became the father of Abijah, and Abijah became the father of Asa,#Greek “Asaph,” alternately spelled “Asa” in many English versions here and in the following verse (cf. 1 Chr 3:10) 8and Asa became the father of Jehoshaphat,#Greek “Josaphat”; alternately spelled “Jehoshaphat” in many English versions and Jehoshaphat became the father of Joram, and Joram became the father of Uzziah, 9and Uzziah became the father of Jotham, and Jotham became the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz became the father of Hezekiah, 10and Hezekiah became the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh became the father of Amon,#The earliest and best Greek manuscripts read “Amos,” but many English versions use the Old Testament form of the name here, “Amon” (cf. 2 Kgs 21:18) and Amon became the father of Josiah, 11and Josiah became the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.
12And after the deportation to Babylon, Jechoniah became the father of Shealtiel,#Greek “Salathiel,” but many English versions use the Old Testament form of the name here, “Shealtiel” (cf. Ezra 3:2) and Shealtiel became the father of Zerubbabel, 13and Zerubbabel became the father of Abiud, and Abiud became the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim became the father of Azor, 14and Azor became the father of Zadok, and Zadok became the father of Achim, and Achim became the father of Eliud, 15and Eliud became the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar became the father of Matthan, and Matthan became the father of Jacob, 16and Jacob became the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary by whom#The Greek relative pronoun is feminine gender and thus refers only to Mary, not Joseph was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
17Therefore all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ are fourteen generations.
The Birth of Jesus Christ
18Now the birth of Jesus Christ occurred in this way. His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant#Literally “to have in the womb” by the Holy Spirit. 19So Joseph her husband, being righteous and not wanting to disgrace her, intended to divorce her secretly. 20But as#*Here “as” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“considering”) he was considering these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21And she will give birth to a son, and you will call his name ‘Jesus,’ because he will save his people from their sins.” 22Now all this happened in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet would be fulfilled, saying,
23“Behold, the virgin will become pregnant#Literally “will have in the womb” and will give birth to a son,
and they will call his name Emmanuel,”#A quotation from Isa 7:14
which is translated, “God with us.”#An allusion to Isa 8:8, 10 in the Greek OT (LXX) 24And Joseph, when he#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“woke up”) which is understood as temporal woke up from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and he took his wife 25and did not have sexual relations with#Literally “did not know” her until she gave birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus.
The ancestors and birth of Jesus
The ancestors of Jesus
(Luke 3.23-38)
1Jesus Christ came from the family of King David and also from the family of Abraham. And this is a list of his ancestors. 2-6aFrom Abraham to King David, his ancestors were:
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah and his brothers (Judah's sons were Perez and Zerah, and their mother was Tamar), Hezron;
Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, Boaz (his mother was Rahab), Obed (his mother was Ruth), Jesse, and King David.
6b-11From David to the time of the exile in Babylonia, the ancestors of Jesus were:#2 K 24.14,15; 2 Ch 36.10; Jr 27.20.
David, Solomon (his mother had been Uriah's wife), Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram;
Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, and Jehoiachin and his brothers.
12-16From the exile to the birth of Jesus, his ancestors were:
Jehoiachin, Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Achim;
Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob, and Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus, who is called the Messiah.
17There were fourteen generations from Abraham to David. There were also fourteen from David to the exile in Babylonia and fourteen more to the birth of the Messiah.
The birth of Jesus
(Luke 2.1-7)
18This is how Jesus Christ was born. A young woman named Mary was engaged to Joseph from King David's family. But before they were married, she learnt that she was going to have a baby by God's Holy Spirit.#Lk 1.27. 19Joseph was a good man#1.19 good man: Or “kind man”, or “man who always did the right thing”. and did not want to embarrass Mary in front of everyone. So he decided to call off the wedding quietly.
20While Joseph was thinking about this, an angel from the Lord came to him in a dream. The angel said, “Joseph, the baby that Mary will have is from the Holy Spirit. Go ahead and marry her. 21Then after her baby is born, name him Jesus,#1.21 name him Jesus: In Hebrew the name “Jesus” means “the Lord saves”. because he will save his people from their sins.”#Lk 1.31.
22So the Lord's promise came true, just as the prophet had said, 23“A virgin will have a baby boy, and he will be called Immanuel,” which means “God is with us.”#Is 7.14 (LXX).
24After Joseph woke up, he and Mary were soon married, just as the Lord's angel had told him to do. 25But they did not sleep together before her baby was born. Then Joseph named him Jesus.#Lk 2.21.