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Genesis 25

25
The Death and Descendants of Abraham
1Now Abraham again took a wife, and her name was Keturah. 2And she bore to him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3And Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim and Letushim and Leummim. 4And the sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abidah, and Eldaah. All of these were the children of Keturah. 5And Abraham gave all he had to Isaac. 6But to the sons of Abraham’s concubines Abraham gave gifts. And while he was still living he sent them away eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the east. 7Now these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham:#Literally “the years of the life of Abraham which he lived” one hundred and seventy-five years. 8And Abraham passed away and died in a good old age, old and full of years. And he was gathered to his people. 9And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite, that was east of Mamre, 10the field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites.#Or “sons of Heth” There Abraham was buried and Sarah his wife. 11And it happened that after the death of Abraham God blessed Isaac his son, and Isaac settled at Beer-Lahai-Roi.
12Now these are the generations#Or “family records” of Ishmael, the son of Abraham, that Hagar the Egyptian, the maidservant of Sarah, bore to Abraham. 13And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names according to their family records. The firstborn of Ishmael was Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.16These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their villages and by their encampments—12 leaders according to their tribes. 17Now these are the years of the life of Ishmael: 137 years. And he passed away and died, and was gathered to his people.18They settled from Havilah to Shur, which was opposite#Or “upon the face of” Egypt, going toward Asshur, opposite;#Or “upon the face of” he settled#Literally “fell” opposite#Or “upon the face of” all his brothers.
Jacob and Esau
19Now these are the generations#Or “family records” of Isaac, the son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac, 20And Isaac was forty years old#Literally “a son of forty years” when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-Aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, as his wife. 21And Isaac prayed to Yahweh on behalf of his wife, for she was barren. And Yahweh responded to his prayer, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22And the children in her womb jostled each other, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, why be pregnant?”#Literally “if so, why this I?” And she went to inquire of Yahweh. 23And Yahweh said to her, “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from birth#Literally “from your bowels” shall be divided. And one people shall be stronger than the other.#Literally “people than people shall be stronger” And the elder shall serve the younger.” 24And when her days to give birth were completed,#Or “full” then—behold—twins were in her womb. 25And the first came out red, all his body#Literally “of him” was like a hairy coat, so they called his name Esau. 26And afterward his brother came out, and his hand grasped the heel of Esau, so his name was called Jacob. And Isaac was sixty years old#Literally “a son of sixty years” at their birth. 27And the boys grew up. And Esau was a skilled#Or “knowing” (knowledgeable) hunter, a man of the field, but Jacob was a peaceful man, living in tents. 28And Isaac loved Esau because he could eat of his game,#Literally “game in his mouth” but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29Once#Or “and” Jacob cooked a thick stew, and Esau came in from the field, and he was exhausted. 30And Esau said to Jacob, “Give me some of that red stuff#Literally “some of the red, this red” to gulp down, for I am exhausted!” (Therefore his name was called Edom). 31Then Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright first.”#Literally “as the day” 32And Esau said, “Look, I am going to die; now what is this birthright to me?” 33Then Jacob said, “Swear to me first.”#Literally “as the day” And he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. 34Then Jacob gave Esau bread, and thick lentil stew, and he ate and drank. Then he got up and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.
25
The death of Abraham
Abraham marries Keturah
1Abraham married Keturah, 2and they had six sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Later, Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan, and when Dedan grew up, he had three sons: Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4Midian also had five sons: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah.
5-6While Abraham was still alive, he gave gifts to the sons of Hagar and Keturah. He also sent their sons to live in the east far from his son Isaac, and when Abraham died, he left everything to Isaac.
The death of Abraham
7-8Abraham died at the ripe old age of one hundred and seventy-five. 9-10His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him east of Hebron#25.9,10 Hebron: See the note at 23.16-18. in Machpelah Cave that was part of the field Abraham had bought from Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite. Abraham was buried there beside his wife Sarah.#Gn 23.3-16. 11God blessed Isaac after this, and Isaac moved to a place called “The Well of the Living One who Sees Me”.#25.11 The Well…Sees Me: Or “Beer-Lahai-Roi” (see 16.14).
Ishmael's descendants
12Ishmael was the son of Abraham and Hagar, the slave woman of Sarah. 13Ishmael had twelve sons, in this order: Nebaioth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16Each of Ishmael's sons was a tribal chief, and a village was named after each of them.
17-18Ishmael had settled in the land east of his brothers, and his sons#25.17,18 sons: Or “descendants”. settled everywhere from Havilah to Shur, east of Egypt on the way to Asshur.#25.17,18 Havilah to Shur…Asshur: The exact location of these places is not known. Ishmael was one hundred and thirty-seven when he died.
Isaac and his family
The birth of Esau and Jacob
19Isaac was the son of Abraham, 20and he was forty years old when he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel. She was also the sister of Laban, the Aramean from northern Syria.#25.20 northern Syria: See the note at 24.10.
Almost twenty years later, 21Rebekah still had no children. So Isaac asked the LORD to let her have a child, and the LORD answered his prayer.
22Before Rebekah gave birth, she knew she was going to have twins, because she could feel them inside her, fighting each other. She thought, “Why is this happening to me?” Finally, she asked the LORD why her twins were fighting, 23and he told her:#Ro 9.12.
“Your two sons will become
two separate nations.#25.23 two separate nations: Or “two nations always in conflict”.
The younger of the two
will be stronger,
and the elder son
will be his servant.”
24When Rebekah gave birth, 25the first baby was covered with red hair, so he was named Esau.#25.25 Esau: In Hebrew “Esau” sounds like “hairy”. 26The second baby grabbed his brother's heel, so they named him Jacob.#25.26 Jacob: In Hebrew “Jacob” sounds like “heel”. Isaac was sixty years old when they were born.
Esau sells his rights as the firstborn son
27As Jacob and Esau grew older, Esau liked the outdoors and became a good hunter, while Jacob settled down and became a shepherd. 28Esau would take the meat of wild animals to his father Isaac, and so Isaac loved him more, but Jacob was his mother's favourite son.
29One day, Jacob was cooking some stew, when Esau came home hungry 30and said, “I'm starving to death! Give me some of that red stew at once!” That's how Esau got the name “Edom”.#25.30 Edom: In Hebrew “Edom” sounds like “red”.
31Jacob replied, “Sell me your rights as the firstborn son.”#25.31 rights…son: The firstborn son inherited the largest amount of property, as well as the leadership of the family.
32“I'm about to die,” Esau answered. “What good will those rights do me?”
33But Jacob said, “Promise me your birthrights, here and now!” And that's what Esau did.#He 12.16. 34Jacob then gave Esau some bread and some of the bean stew, and when Esau had finished eating and drinking, he just got up and left, showing how little he thought of his rights as the firstborn.