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Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1The # Ru 4:18-22; 2Sm 7:12-16; 1Ch 2:1-15; Lk 3:32-34 historical record # Or The book of the genealogy # Mk 12:26; Lk 3:4; Ac 1:20; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5 of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, # Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Lk 1:32,69 the Son of Abraham: # Gn 22:18; Mt 9:7; Rm 1:3; Gl 3:16
From Abraham to David
2Abraham fathered # In vv. 2-16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8 Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers, # Gn 29:35; Ps 14:7; 105:9; Mt 8:11; 22:32; Jms 2:21
3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram, # Gn 38:29-30; 46:12; Lk 3:33
4Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse, # Ru 1:4; 2:1; Lk 3:32
6and Jesse fathered King David.
From David to the Babylonian Exile
Then # Other mss add King David fathered Solomon by Uriah’s wife, # 1Sm 16:1; 17:12; 2Sm 11:27; 12:24
7Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa, # Other mss read Asaph
8Asa # Other mss read Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, # = Jehoram
Joram fathered Uzziah, # 1Kg 11:43; 14:31; 15:8,24; 22:50; 2Kg 14:21
9Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon, # Other mss read Amos
Amon fathered Josiah, # 2Kg 15:5,38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18,24
11and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon. # 2Kg 24:6,14; Is 5:13; Jr 27:20; Ezk 1:1; Mt 1:17
From the Exile to the Messiah
12Then after the exile to Babylon
Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor, # Gn 10:10; 1Ch 3:17; Lk 3:27,30
14Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to # Lit Mary, from whom was born Jesus who is called the Messiah. # Mt 27:17,22; Lk 2:11; Jn 1:45; 4:25
17So all the generations from Abraham to David were 14 generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, 14 generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, 14 generations. # 2Kg 24:14; Jr 27:20; Dn 9:25-26; Mk 8:29; Ac 2:31,36,38
The Nativity of the Messiah
18The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. # Mt 12:46; Lk 1:27,35 19So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man, # Mt 13:17; Mk 10:12; Lk 2:36; 1Co 14:35; 2Co 11:2; Gl 4:27 and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly. # Dt 22:20-24; 24:1-4; Mt 2:7; Lk 16:18; Jn 8:4-5
20But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. # 2Ch 1:1; Mt 13:49; 27:19; Jn 6:20; Rm 1:3 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, # Jesus is the Gk form of the Hb name “Joshua,” which = “The Lord saves” or “Yahweh saves.” # Lk 1:31; 2:21; Jn 10:25; 1Jn 2:12 because He will save His people from their sins.” # Lk 2:11; Jn 1:29; Ac 4:12; 5:31; 13:23,38-39
22Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name Him Immanuel, # Is 7:14
which is translated “God is with us.” # Is 7:14; Mt 21:1-4; Lk 24:44; Rm 1:2-4
24When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her # Mt 1:6; 13:49; Lk 1:1; 19:32; Jd 5 25but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son. # Other mss read to her firstborn son And he named Him Jesus. # Gn 4:1,17; Ex 13:2; Jdg 11:39; 1Sm 1:19; Lk 2:7,21
1
1The family tree of Jesus Christ, David’s son, Abraham’s son:
2-6Abraham had Isaac,
Isaac had Jacob,
Jacob had Judah and his brothers,
Judah had Perez and Zerah (the mother was Tamar),
Perez had Hezron,
Hezron had Aram,
Aram had Amminadab,
Amminadab had Nahshon,
Nahshon had Salmon,
Salmon had Boaz (his mother was Rahab),
Boaz had Obed (Ruth was the mother),
Obed had Jesse,
Jesse had David,
and David became king.
6-11David had Solomon (Uriah’s wife was the mother),
Solomon had Rehoboam,
Rehoboam had Abijah,
Abijah had Asa,
Asa had Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat had Joram,
Joram had Uzziah,
Uzziah had Jotham,
Jotham had Ahaz,
Ahaz had Hezekiah,
Hezekiah had Manasseh,
Manasseh had Amon,
Amon had Josiah,
Josiah had Jehoiachin and his brothers,
and then the people were taken into the Babylonian exile.
12-16When the Babylonian exile ended,
Jeconiah had Shealtiel,
Shealtiel had Zerubbabel,
Zerubbabel had Abiud,
Abiud had Eliakim,
Eliakim had Azor,
Azor had Zadok,
Zadok had Achim,
Achim had Eliud,
Eliud had Eleazar,
Eleazar had Matthan,
Matthan had Jacob,
Jacob had Joseph, Mary’s husband,
the Mary who gave birth to Jesus,
the Jesus who was called Christ.
17There were fourteen generations from Abraham to David,
another fourteen from David to the Babylonian exile,
and yet another fourteen from the Babylonian exile to Christ.
The Birth of Jesus
18-19The birth of Jesus took place like this. His mother, Mary, was engaged to be married to Joseph. Before they came to the marriage bed, Joseph discovered she was pregnant. (It was by the Holy Spirit, but he didn’t know that.) Joseph, chagrined but noble, determined to take care of things quietly so Mary would not be disgraced.
20-23While he was trying to figure a way out, he had a dream. God’s angel spoke in the dream: “Joseph, son of David, don’t hesitate to get married. Mary’s pregnancy is Spirit-conceived. God’s Holy Spirit has made her pregnant. She will bring a son to birth, and when she does, you, Joseph, will name him Jesus—‘God saves’—because he will save his people from their sins.” This would bring the prophet’s embryonic sermon to full term:
Watch for this—a virgin will get pregnant and bear a son;
They will name him Immanuel (Hebrew for “God is with us”).
24-25Then Joseph woke up. He did exactly what God’s angel commanded in the dream: He married Mary. But he did not consummate the marriage until she had the baby. He named the baby Jesus.