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Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1The # Ru 4:18-22; 2Sm 7:12-16; 1Ch 2:1-15; Lk 3:32-34 historical record # Or The book of the genealogy # Mk 12:26; Lk 3:4; Ac 1:20; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5 of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, # Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Lk 1:32,69 the Son of Abraham: # Gn 22:18; Mt 9:7; Rm 1:3; Gl 3:16
From Abraham to David
2Abraham fathered # In vv. 2-16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8 Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers, # Gn 29:35; Ps 14:7; 105:9; Mt 8:11; 22:32; Jms 2:21
3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram, # Gn 38:29-30; 46:12; Lk 3:33
4Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse, # Ru 1:4; 2:1; Lk 3:32
6and Jesse fathered King David.
From David to the Babylonian Exile
Then # Other mss add King David fathered Solomon by Uriah’s wife, # 1Sm 16:1; 17:12; 2Sm 11:27; 12:24
7Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa, # Other mss read Asaph
8Asa # Other mss read Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, # = Jehoram
Joram fathered Uzziah, # 1Kg 11:43; 14:31; 15:8,24; 22:50; 2Kg 14:21
9Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon, # Other mss read Amos
Amon fathered Josiah, # 2Kg 15:5,38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18,24
11and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon. # 2Kg 24:6,14; Is 5:13; Jr 27:20; Ezk 1:1; Mt 1:17
From the Exile to the Messiah
12Then after the exile to Babylon
Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor, # Gn 10:10; 1Ch 3:17; Lk 3:27,30
14Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to # Lit Mary, from whom was born Jesus who is called the Messiah. # Mt 27:17,22; Lk 2:11; Jn 1:45; 4:25
17So all the generations from Abraham to David were 14 generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, 14 generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, 14 generations. # 2Kg 24:14; Jr 27:20; Dn 9:25-26; Mk 8:29; Ac 2:31,36,38
The Nativity of the Messiah
18The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. # Mt 12:46; Lk 1:27,35 19So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man, # Mt 13:17; Mk 10:12; Lk 2:36; 1Co 14:35; 2Co 11:2; Gl 4:27 and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly. # Dt 22:20-24; 24:1-4; Mt 2:7; Lk 16:18; Jn 8:4-5
20But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. # 2Ch 1:1; Mt 13:49; 27:19; Jn 6:20; Rm 1:3 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, # Jesus is the Gk form of the Hb name “Joshua,” which = “The Lord saves” or “Yahweh saves.” # Lk 1:31; 2:21; Jn 10:25; 1Jn 2:12 because He will save His people from their sins.” # Lk 2:11; Jn 1:29; Ac 4:12; 5:31; 13:23,38-39
22Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name Him Immanuel, # Is 7:14
which is translated “God is with us.” # Is 7:14; Mt 21:1-4; Lk 24:44; Rm 1:2-4
24When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her # Mt 1:6; 13:49; Lk 1:1; 19:32; Jd 5 25but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son. # Other mss read to her firstborn son And he named Him Jesus. # Gn 4:1,17; Ex 13:2; Jdg 11:39; 1Sm 1:19; Lk 2:7,21
1
The Ancestors of Jesus Christ
(Lk 3.23–38)
1This is the list of the ancestors of Jesus Christ, a descendant of David, who was a descendant of Abraham.
2-6aFrom Abraham to King David, the following ancestors are listed: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah and his brothers; then Perez and Zerah (their mother was Tamar), Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, Boaz (his mother was Rahab), Obed (his mother was Ruth), Jesse, and King David.
6b-11 # 2 Kgs 24.14–15; 2 Chr 36.10; Jer 27.20 From David to the time when the people of Israel were taken into exile in Babylon, the following ancestors are listed: David, Solomon (his mother was the woman who had been Uriah's wife), Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, and Jehoiachin and his brothers.
12-16From the time after the exile in Babylon to the birth of Jesus, the following ancestors are listed: Jehoiachin, Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob, and Joseph, who married Mary, the mother of Jesus, who was called the Messiah.
17So then, there were fourteen generations from Abraham to David, and fourteen from David to the exile in Babylon, and fourteen from then to the birth of the Messiah.
The Birth of Jesus Christ
(Lk 2.1–7)
18 # Lk 1.27 This was how the birth of Jesus Christ took place. His mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, but before they were married, she found out that she was going to have a baby by the Holy Spirit. 19Joseph was a man who always did what was right, but he did not want to disgrace Mary publicly; so he made plans to break the engagement privately. 20While he was thinking about this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, descendant of David, do not be afraid to take Mary to be your wife. For it is by the Holy Spirit that she has conceived. 21#Lk 1.31She will have a son, and you will name him Jesus — because he will save his people from their sins.”
22Now all this happened in order to make what the Lord had said through the prophet come true, 23#Is 7.14 (LXX)“A virgin will become pregnant and have a son, and he will be called Immanuel” (which means, “God is with us”).
24So when Joseph woke up, he married Mary, as the angel of the Lord had told him to do. 25#Lk 2.21But he had no sexual relations with her before she gave birth to her son. And Joseph named him Jesus.