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Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1The # Ru 4:18-22; 2Sm 7:12-16; 1Ch 2:1-15; Lk 3:32-34 historical record # Or The book of the genealogy # Mk 12:26; Lk 3:4; Ac 1:20; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5 of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, # Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Lk 1:32,69 the Son of Abraham: # Gn 22:18; Mt 9:7; Rm 1:3; Gl 3:16
From Abraham to David
2Abraham fathered # In vv. 2-16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8 Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers, # Gn 29:35; Ps 14:7; 105:9; Mt 8:11; 22:32; Jms 2:21
3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram, # Gn 38:29-30; 46:12; Lk 3:33
4Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse, # Ru 1:4; 2:1; Lk 3:32
6and Jesse fathered King David.
From David to the Babylonian Exile
Then # Other mss add King David fathered Solomon by Uriah’s wife, # 1Sm 16:1; 17:12; 2Sm 11:27; 12:24
7Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa, # Other mss read Asaph
8Asa # Other mss read Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, # = Jehoram
Joram fathered Uzziah, # 1Kg 11:43; 14:31; 15:8,24; 22:50; 2Kg 14:21
9Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon, # Other mss read Amos
Amon fathered Josiah, # 2Kg 15:5,38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18,24
11and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon. # 2Kg 24:6,14; Is 5:13; Jr 27:20; Ezk 1:1; Mt 1:17
From the Exile to the Messiah
12Then after the exile to Babylon
Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor, # Gn 10:10; 1Ch 3:17; Lk 3:27,30
14Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to # Lit Mary, from whom was born Jesus who is called the Messiah. # Mt 27:17,22; Lk 2:11; Jn 1:45; 4:25
17So all the generations from Abraham to David were 14 generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, 14 generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, 14 generations. # 2Kg 24:14; Jr 27:20; Dn 9:25-26; Mk 8:29; Ac 2:31,36,38
The Nativity of the Messiah
18The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. # Mt 12:46; Lk 1:27,35 19So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man, # Mt 13:17; Mk 10:12; Lk 2:36; 1Co 14:35; 2Co 11:2; Gl 4:27 and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly. # Dt 22:20-24; 24:1-4; Mt 2:7; Lk 16:18; Jn 8:4-5
20But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. # 2Ch 1:1; Mt 13:49; 27:19; Jn 6:20; Rm 1:3 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, # Jesus is the Gk form of the Hb name “Joshua,” which = “The Lord saves” or “Yahweh saves.” # Lk 1:31; 2:21; Jn 10:25; 1Jn 2:12 because He will save His people from their sins.” # Lk 2:11; Jn 1:29; Ac 4:12; 5:31; 13:23,38-39
22Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name Him Immanuel, # Is 7:14
which is translated “God is with us.” # Is 7:14; Mt 21:1-4; Lk 24:44; Rm 1:2-4
24When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her # Mt 1:6; 13:49; Lk 1:1; 19:32; Jd 5 25but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son. # Other mss read to her firstborn son And he named Him Jesus. # Gn 4:1,17; Ex 13:2; Jdg 11:39; 1Sm 1:19; Lk 2:7,21
1
1A record of the genealogy of Yeshua the Messiah,#1:1 Messiah (Hebrew) and Christ (Greek) both mean “Anointed One” the son of David, the son of Abraham.
2Abraham became the father of Isaac. Isaac became the father of Jacob. Jacob became the father of Judah and his brothers. 3Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar. Perez became the father of Hezron. Hezron became the father of Ram. 4Ram became the father of Amminadab. Amminadab became the father of Nahshon. Nahshon became the father of Salmon. 5Salmon became the father of Boaz by Rahab. Boaz became the father of Obed by Ruth. Obed became the father of Jesse. 6Jesse became the father of King David. David the king#1:6 NU omits “the king”. became the father of Solomon by her who had been Uriah’s wife. 7Solomon became the father of Rehoboam. Rehoboam became the father of Abijah. Abijah became the father of Asa. 8Asa became the father of Jehoshaphat. Jehoshaphat became the father of Joram. Joram became the father of Uzziah. 9Uzziah became the father of Jotham. Jotham became the father of Ahaz. Ahaz became the father of Hezekiah. 10Hezekiah became the father of Manasseh. Manasseh became the father of Amon. Amon became the father of Josiah. 11Josiah became the father of Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.
12After the exile to Babylon, Jechoniah became the father of Shealtiel. Shealtiel became the father of Zerubbabel. 13Zerubbabel became the father of Abiud. Abiud became the father of Eliakim. Eliakim became the father of Azor. 14Azor became the father of Zadok. Zadok became the father of Achim. Achim became the father of Eliud. 15Eliud became the father of Eleazar. Eleazar became the father of Matthan. Matthan became the father of Jacob. 16Jacob became the father of Joseph, the husband of Miriam, from whom was born Yeshua,#1:16 “Yeshua” means “Salvation”. who is called Messiah.
17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; from David to the exile to Babylon fourteen generations; and from the carrying away to Babylon to the Messiah, fourteen generations.
18Now the birth of Yeshua the Messiah was like this: After his mother, Miriam, was engaged to Joseph, before they came together, she was found pregnant by the Holy Spirit. 19Joseph, her husband, being a righteous man, and not willing to make her a public example, intended to put her away secretly. 20But when he thought about these things, behold,#1:20 “Behold”, from “ἰδοὺ”, means look at, take notice, observe, see, or gaze at. It is often used as an interjection. an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take to yourself Miriam as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21She shall give birth to a son. You shall name him Yeshua,#1:21 “Yeshua” means “Salvation”. for it is he who shall save his people from their sins.”
22Now all this has happened that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,
23“Behold, the virgin shall be with child,
and shall give birth to a son.
They shall call his name Immanuel,”
which is, being interpreted, “God with us.”#Isaiah 7:14
24Joseph arose from his sleep, and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took his wife to himself; 25and didn’t know her sexually until she had given birth to her firstborn son. He named him Yeshua.