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Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1The # Ru 4:18-22; 2Sm 7:12-16; 1Ch 2:1-15; Lk 3:32-34 historical record # Or The book of the genealogy # Mk 12:26; Lk 3:4; Ac 1:20; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5 of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, # Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Lk 1:32,69 the Son of Abraham: # Gn 22:18; Mt 9:7; Rm 1:3; Gl 3:16
From Abraham to David
2Abraham fathered # In vv. 2-16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8 Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers, # Gn 29:35; Ps 14:7; 105:9; Mt 8:11; 22:32; Jms 2:21
3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram, # Gn 38:29-30; 46:12; Lk 3:33
4Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse, # Ru 1:4; 2:1; Lk 3:32
6and Jesse fathered King David.
From David to the Babylonian Exile
Then # Other mss add King David fathered Solomon by Uriah’s wife, # 1Sm 16:1; 17:12; 2Sm 11:27; 12:24
7Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa, # Other mss read Asaph
8Asa # Other mss read Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram, # = Jehoram
Joram fathered Uzziah, # 1Kg 11:43; 14:31; 15:8,24; 22:50; 2Kg 14:21
9Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon, # Other mss read Amos
Amon fathered Josiah, # 2Kg 15:5,38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18,24
11and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon. # 2Kg 24:6,14; Is 5:13; Jr 27:20; Ezk 1:1; Mt 1:17
From the Exile to the Messiah
12Then after the exile to Babylon
Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor, # Gn 10:10; 1Ch 3:17; Lk 3:27,30
14Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to # Lit Mary, from whom was born Jesus who is called the Messiah. # Mt 27:17,22; Lk 2:11; Jn 1:45; 4:25
17So all the generations from Abraham to David were 14 generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, 14 generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, 14 generations. # 2Kg 24:14; Jr 27:20; Dn 9:25-26; Mk 8:29; Ac 2:31,36,38
The Nativity of the Messiah
18The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After His mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. # Mt 12:46; Lk 1:27,35 19So her husband Joseph, being a righteous man, # Mt 13:17; Mk 10:12; Lk 2:36; 1Co 14:35; 2Co 11:2; Gl 4:27 and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly. # Dt 22:20-24; 24:1-4; Mt 2:7; Lk 16:18; Jn 8:4-5
20But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. # 2Ch 1:1; Mt 13:49; 27:19; Jn 6:20; Rm 1:3 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name Him Jesus, # Jesus is the Gk form of the Hb name “Joshua,” which = “The Lord saves” or “Yahweh saves.” # Lk 1:31; 2:21; Jn 10:25; 1Jn 2:12 because He will save His people from their sins.” # Lk 2:11; Jn 1:29; Ac 4:12; 5:31; 13:23,38-39
22Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name Him Immanuel, # Is 7:14
which is translated “God is with us.” # Is 7:14; Mt 21:1-4; Lk 24:44; Rm 1:2-4
24When Joseph got up from sleeping, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her # Mt 1:6; 13:49; Lk 1:1; 19:32; Jd 5 25but did not know her intimately until she gave birth to a son. # Other mss read to her firstborn son And he named Him Jesus. # Gn 4:1,17; Ex 13:2; Jdg 11:39; 1Sm 1:19; Lk 2:7,21
1
The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1This is the genealogy#1:1 Or is an account of the origin of Jesus the Messiah#1:1 Or Jesus Christ. Messiah (Hebrew) and Christ (Greek) both mean Anointed One; also in verse 18. the son of David, the son of Abraham:
2Abraham was the father of Isaac,
Isaac the father of Jacob,
Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,
3Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar,
Perez the father of Hezron,
Hezron the father of Ram,
4Ram the father of Amminadab,
Amminadab the father of Nahshon,
Nahshon the father of Salmon,
5Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab,
Boaz the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth,
Obed the father of Jesse,
6and Jesse the father of King David.
David was the father of Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah’s wife,
7Solomon the father of Rehoboam,
Rehoboam the father of Abijah,
Abijah the father of Asa,
8Asa the father of Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat the father of Jehoram,
Jehoram the father of Uzziah,
9Uzziah the father of Jotham,
Jotham the father of Ahaz,
Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah the father of Manasseh,
Manasseh the father of Amon,
Amon the father of Josiah,
11and Josiah the father of Jeconiah#1:11 That is, Jehoiachin; also in verse 12 and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.
12After the exile to Babylon:
Jeconiah was the father of Shealtiel,
Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel the father of Abihud,
Abihud the father of Eliakim,
Eliakim the father of Azor,
14Azor the father of Zadok,
Zadok the father of Akim,
Akim the father of Elihud,
15Elihud the father of Eleazar,
Eleazar the father of Matthan,
Matthan the father of Jacob,
16and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.
17Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.
Joseph Accepts Jesus as His Son
18This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about#1:18 Or The origin of Jesus the Messiah was like this: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit. 19Because Joseph her husband was faithful to the law, and yet#1:19 Or was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.
20But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus,#1:21 Jesus is the Greek form of Joshua, which means the Lord saves. because he will save his people from their sins.”
22All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: 23“The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel”#1:23 Isaiah 7:14 (which means “God with us”).
24When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary home as his wife. 25But he did not consummate their marriage until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus.