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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Other Wife and Sons
1Now Abraham had taken another wife, whose name was Keturah, # 1Ch 1:32-33 2and she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were the Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4And Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were sons of Keturah. 5Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac. # Gn 24:35-36 6And Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines, but while he was still alive he sent them eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the East. # Gn 21:14
Abraham’s Death
7This is the length of Abraham’s life: # Lit And these are the days of the years of the lives of Abraham that he lived 175 years. 8He took his last breath and died at a ripe old age, # Gn 15:15; 47:8-9 old and contented, # Sam, LXX, Syr read full of days and he was gathered to his people. # Gn 25:17; 35:29; 49:29,33 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah # Gn 23:17-18; 49:29-30; 50:13 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite. 10This was the field that Abraham bought from the Hittites. # Gn 23:16; 50:13 Abraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, who lived near Beer-lahai-roi. # Gn 16:14; 24:62
Ishmael’s Family Records
12These are the family records # Gn 2:4; 25:19 of Abraham’s son Ishmael, # 1Ch 1:29-31 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave, bore to Abraham. 13These are the names of Ishmael’s sons; their names according to the family records are: Nebaioth, Ishmael’s firstborn, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their villages and encampments: 12 leaders # Or chieftains # Gn 17:20 of their clans. # Or peoples 17This is the length # Lit And these are the years of Ishmael’s life: 137 years. He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people. 18And they # LXX, Vg read he settled from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt as you go toward Asshur. He # = Ishmael and his descendants lived in opposition to # Or He settled down alongside of all his brothers. # Gn 16:12
The Birth of Jacob and Esau
19These are the family records of Isaac son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac. # Mt 1:2 20Isaac was 40 years old when he took as his wife Rebekah # Gn 24:15,29,67 daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram # Gn 22:23 and sister of Laban the Aramean. # Gn 24:29 21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless. # Gn 11:30; 29:31; Ex 23:26; Jdg 13:2-3; 1Sm 2:5; Jb 24:21; Is 54:1; Lk 1:36; 23:29; Gl 4:27; Heb 11:11 The Lord heard his prayer, and his wife Rebekah conceived. # 1Sm 1:17; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 33:13; Ezr 8:23; Ps 127:3; Rm 9:10 22But the children inside her struggled with each other, and she said, “Why is this happening to me? ” # Lit If thus, why this I So she went to inquire of the Lord. # 1Sm 9:9; 10:22 23And the Lord said to her:
Two nations are in your womb;
two people will come from you and be separated.
One people will be stronger than the other, # 2Sm 8:14; Ob 18-21
and the older will serve the younger. # Gn 27:29; Mal 1:2-3; Rm 9:12
24When her time came to give birth, there were indeed twins in her womb. 25The first one came out red-looking, # In Hb, the word red-looking sounds like “Edom”; Gn 32:3. covered with hair # In Hb, the word hair sounds like “Seir”; Gn 32:3. like a fur coat, and they named him Esau. # Gn 27:11,16,23 26After this, his brother came out grasping Esau’s heel with his hand. # Hs 12:3 So he was named Jacob. # = He Grasps the Heel # Gn 27:36 Isaac was 60 years old when they were born.
Esau Sells His Birthright
27When the boys grew up, Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman, # Lit a man of the field but Jacob was a quiet man who stayed at home. # Lit man living in tents 28Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for wild game, but Rebekah loved Jacob. # Gn 27:4-9
29Once when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field exhausted. 30He said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stuff, because I’m exhausted.” That is why he was also named Edom. # = Red
31Jacob replied, “First sell me your birthright.”
32“Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die, so what good is a birthright to me? ”
33Jacob said, “Swear to me first.” So he swore to Jacob and sold his birthright to him. 34Then Jacob gave bread and lentil stew to Esau; he ate, drank, got up, and went away. So Esau despised his birthright. # Heb 12:16-17

Genesis 25

25
The death of Abraham
Abraham marries Keturah
1Abraham married Keturah, 2and they had six sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Later, Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan, and when Dedan grew up, he had three sons: Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4Midian also had five sons: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah.
5-6While Abraham was still alive, he gave gifts to the sons of Hagar and Keturah. He also sent their sons to live in the east far from his son Isaac, and when Abraham died, he left everything to Isaac.
The death of Abraham
7-8Abraham died at the ripe old age of one hundred and seventy-five. 9-10His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him east of Hebron#25.9,10 Hebron: See the note at 23.16-18. in Machpelah Cave that was part of the field Abraham had bought from Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite. Abraham was buried there beside his wife Sarah.#Gn 23.3-16. 11God blessed Isaac after this, and Isaac moved to a place called “The Well of the Living One who Sees Me”.#25.11 The Well…Sees Me: Or “Beer-Lahai-Roi” (see 16.14).
Ishmael's descendants
12Ishmael was the son of Abraham and Hagar, the slave woman of Sarah. 13Ishmael had twelve sons, in this order: Nebaioth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16Each of Ishmael's sons was a tribal chief, and a village was named after each of them.
17-18Ishmael had settled in the land east of his brothers, and his sons#25.17,18 sons: Or “descendants”. settled everywhere from Havilah to Shur, east of Egypt on the way to Asshur.#25.17,18 Havilah to Shur…Asshur: The exact location of these places is not known. Ishmael was one hundred and thirty-seven when he died.
Isaac and his family
The birth of Esau and Jacob
19Isaac was the son of Abraham, 20and he was forty years old when he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel. She was also the sister of Laban, the Aramean from northern Syria.#25.20 northern Syria: See the note at 24.10.
Almost twenty years later, 21Rebekah still had no children. So Isaac asked the LORD to let her have a child, and the LORD answered his prayer.
22Before Rebekah gave birth, she knew she was going to have twins, because she could feel them inside her, fighting each other. She thought, “Why is this happening to me?” Finally, she asked the LORD why her twins were fighting, 23and he told her:#Ro 9.12.
“Your two sons will become
two separate nations.#25.23 two separate nations: Or “two nations always in conflict”.
The younger of the two
will be stronger,
and the elder son
will be his servant.”
24When Rebekah gave birth, 25the first baby was covered with red hair, so he was named Esau.#25.25 Esau: In Hebrew “Esau” sounds like “hairy”. 26The second baby grabbed his brother's heel, so they named him Jacob.#25.26 Jacob: In Hebrew “Jacob” sounds like “heel”. Isaac was sixty years old when they were born.
Esau sells his rights as the firstborn son
27As Jacob and Esau grew older, Esau liked the outdoors and became a good hunter, while Jacob settled down and became a shepherd. 28Esau would take the meat of wild animals to his father Isaac, and so Isaac loved him more, but Jacob was his mother's favourite son.
29One day, Jacob was cooking some stew, when Esau came home hungry 30and said, “I'm starving to death! Give me some of that red stew at once!” That's how Esau got the name “Edom”.#25.30 Edom: In Hebrew “Edom” sounds like “red”.
31Jacob replied, “Sell me your rights as the firstborn son.”#25.31 rights…son: The firstborn son inherited the largest amount of property, as well as the leadership of the family.
32“I'm about to die,” Esau answered. “What good will those rights do me?”
33But Jacob said, “Promise me your birthrights, here and now!” And that's what Esau did.#He 12.16. 34Jacob then gave Esau some bread and some of the bean stew, and when Esau had finished eating and drinking, he just got up and left, showing how little he thought of his rights as the firstborn.