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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Second Marriage and His Death
(1 Chronicles 1:32–33)
1Abraham married again, and his wife’s name was Keturah. 2Keturah gave birth to these sons of Abraham: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s descendants were the Assyrians, the Letushites, and the Leummites. 4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. These were the descendants of Keturah.
5Abraham left everything he had to Isaac. 6But while he was still living, Abraham had given gifts to the sons of his concubines.#25:6 A concubine is considered a wife except she has fewer rights under the law. He sent them away from his son Isaac to a land in the east.
7Abraham lived 175 years. 8Then he took his last breath, and died at a very old age. After a long and full life, he joined his ancestors in death. 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite. The cave is east of Mamre. 10This was the field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites. There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham died, God blessed his son Isaac, who settled near Beer Lahai Roi.
The 12 Tribes of Ishmael
(1 Chronicles 1:29–31)
12This is the account of the descendants of Abraham’s son Ishmael. He was the son of Sarah’s Egyptian slave Hagar and Abraham. 13These are the names of the sons of Ishmael listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are the sons of Ishmael and their names listed by their settlements and camps—12 leaders of their tribes.
17Ishmael lived 137 years. Then he took his last breath and died. He joined his ancestors in death. 18His descendants lived as nomads from the region of Havilah to Shur, which is near Egypt, in the direction of Assyria. They all fought with each other.
Esau and Jacob
19This is the account of Abraham’s son Isaac and his descendants. Abraham was the father of Isaac. 20Isaac was 40 years old when he married Rebekah, daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 21Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22When the children inside her were struggling with each other, she said, “If it’s like this now, what will become of me?” So she went to ask the Lord.
23The Lord said to her,
“Two countries are in your womb.
Two nations will go their separate ways from birth.
One nation will be stronger than the other,
and the older will serve the younger.”
24When the time came for her to give birth, she had twins. 25The first one born was red. His whole body was covered with hair, so they named him Esau [Hairy]. 26Afterwards, his brother was born with his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, and so he was named Jacob [Heel]. Isaac was 60 years old when they were born.
27They grew up. Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman. Jacob remained a quiet man, staying around the tents. 28Because Isaac liked to eat the meat of wild animals, he loved Esau. However, Rebekah loved Jacob.
29Once, Jacob was preparing a meal when Esau, exhausted, came in from outdoors. 30So Esau said to Jacob, “Let me have the whole pot of red stuff to eat—that red stuff—I’m exhausted.” This is why he was called Edom.#25:30 There is a play on words here between Hebrew ʾadom (red stuff) and Edom.
31Jacob responded, “First, sell me your rights as firstborn.”
32“I’m about to die.” Esau said. “What good is my inheritance to me?”
33“First, swear an oath,” Jacob said. So Esau swore an oath to him and sold him his rights as firstborn. 34Then Jacob gave Esau a meal of bread and lentils. He ate and drank, and then he got up and left.
This is how Esau showed his contempt for his rights as firstborn.

Genesis 25

25
Abraham and Keturah
1Abraham again took a wife, and her name was #1 Chr. 1:32, 33Keturah. 2And #1 Chr. 1:32, 33she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan begot Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4And the sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abidah, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah.
5And #Gen. 24:35, 36Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac. 6But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of the concubines which Abraham had; and while he was still living he #Gen. 21:14sent them eastward, away from Isaac his son, to #Judg. 6:3the country of the east.
Abraham’s Death and Burial
7This is the sum of the years of Abraham’s life which he lived: one hundred and seventy-five years. 8Then Abraham breathed his last and #Gen. 15:15; 47:8, 9died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and #Gen. 25:17; 35:29; 49:29, 33was gathered to his people. 9And #Gen. 35:29; 50:13his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of #Gen. 23:9, 17; 49:30Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, 10#Gen. 23:3–16the field which Abraham purchased from the sons of Heth. #Gen. 49:31There Abraham was buried, and Sarah his wife. 11And it came to pass, after the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac. And Isaac dwelt at #Gen. 16:14Beer Lahai Roi.
The Families of Ishmael and Isaac
12Now this is the #Gen. 11:10, 27; 16:15genealogy of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maidservant, bore to Abraham. 13And #1 Chr. 1:29–31these were the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadar, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These were the sons of Ishmael and these were their names, by their towns and their settlements, #Gen. 17:20twelve princes according to their nations. 17These were the years of the life of Ishmael: one hundred and thirty-seven years; and #Gen. 25:8; 49:33he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people. 18#Gen. 20:1; 1 Sam. 15:7(They dwelt from Havilah as far as Shur, which is east of Egypt as you go toward Assyria.) He died #Gen. 16:12in the presence of all his brethren.
19This is the #Gen. 36:1, 9genealogy of Isaac, Abraham’s son. #Matt. 1:2Abraham begot Isaac. 20Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah as wife, #Gen. 22:23; 24:15, 29, 67the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padan Aram, #Gen. 24:29the sister of Laban the Syrian. 21Now Isaac pleaded with the Lord for his wife, because she was barren; #1 Sam. 1:17; 1 Chr. 5:20; 2 Chr. 33:13; Ezra 8:23; Ps. 127:3and the Lord granted his plea, #Rom. 9:10–13and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22But the children struggled together within her; and she said, “If all is well, why am I like this?” #1 Sam. 1:15; 9:9; 10:22So she went to inquire of the Lord.
23And the Lord said to her:
#Gen. 17:4–6, 16; 24:60; Num. 20:14; Deut. 2:4–8“Two nations are in your womb,
Two peoples shall be separated from your body;
One people shall be stronger than #2 Sam. 8:14the other,
#Gen. 27:29, 40; Mal. 1:2, 3; Rom. 9:12And the older shall serve the younger.”
24So when her days were fulfilled for her to give birth, indeed there were twins in her womb. 25And the first came out red. He was #Gen. 27:11, 16, 23like a hairy garment all over; so they called his name Esau. 26Afterward his brother came out, and #Hos. 12:3his hand took hold of Esau’s heel; so #Gen. 27:36his name was called Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.
27So the boys grew. And Esau was #Gen. 27:3, 5a skillful hunter, a man of the field; but Jacob was #Job 1:1, 8a mild man, #Heb. 11:9dwelling in tents. 28And Isaac loved Esau because he #Gen. 27:4, 19, 25, 31ate of his game, #Gen. 27:6–10but Rebekah loved Jacob.
Esau Sells His Birthright
29Now Jacob cooked a stew; and Esau came in from the field, and he was weary. 30And Esau said to Jacob, “Please feed me with that same red stew, for I am weary.” Therefore his name was called Edom.
31But Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright as of this day.”
32And Esau said, “Look, I am about to die; so #Matt. 16:26; Mark 8:36, 37what is this birthright to me?”
33Then Jacob said, “Swear to me as of this day.”
So he swore to him, and #Heb. 12:16sold his birthright to Jacob. 34And Jacob gave Esau bread and stew of lentils; then #Eccl. 8:15; Is. 22:13; 1 Cor. 15:32he ate and drank, arose, and went his way. Thus Esau #Heb. 12:16, 17despised his birthright.