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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Second Marriage and His Death
(1 Chronicles 1:32–33)
1Abraham married again, and his wife’s name was Keturah. 2Keturah gave birth to these sons of Abraham: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s descendants were the Assyrians, the Letushites, and the Leummites. 4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. These were the descendants of Keturah.
5Abraham left everything he had to Isaac. 6But while he was still living, Abraham had given gifts to the sons of his concubines.#25:6 A concubine is considered a wife except she has fewer rights under the law. He sent them away from his son Isaac to a land in the east.
7Abraham lived 175 years. 8Then he took his last breath, and died at a very old age. After a long and full life, he joined his ancestors in death. 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite. The cave is east of Mamre. 10This was the field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites. There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham died, God blessed his son Isaac, who settled near Beer Lahai Roi.
The 12 Tribes of Ishmael
(1 Chronicles 1:29–31)
12This is the account of the descendants of Abraham’s son Ishmael. He was the son of Sarah’s Egyptian slave Hagar and Abraham. 13These are the names of the sons of Ishmael listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth (Ishmael’s firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are the sons of Ishmael and their names listed by their settlements and camps—12 leaders of their tribes.
17Ishmael lived 137 years. Then he took his last breath and died. He joined his ancestors in death. 18His descendants lived as nomads from the region of Havilah to Shur, which is near Egypt, in the direction of Assyria. They all fought with each other.
Esau and Jacob
19This is the account of Abraham’s son Isaac and his descendants. Abraham was the father of Isaac. 20Isaac was 40 years old when he married Rebekah, daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram and sister of Laban the Aramean. 21Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife because she was childless. The Lord answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22When the children inside her were struggling with each other, she said, “If it’s like this now, what will become of me?” So she went to ask the Lord.
23The Lord said to her,
“Two countries are in your womb.
Two nations will go their separate ways from birth.
One nation will be stronger than the other,
and the older will serve the younger.”
24When the time came for her to give birth, she had twins. 25The first one born was red. His whole body was covered with hair, so they named him Esau [Hairy]. 26Afterwards, his brother was born with his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, and so he was named Jacob [Heel]. Isaac was 60 years old when they were born.
27They grew up. Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman. Jacob remained a quiet man, staying around the tents. 28Because Isaac liked to eat the meat of wild animals, he loved Esau. However, Rebekah loved Jacob.
29Once, Jacob was preparing a meal when Esau, exhausted, came in from outdoors. 30So Esau said to Jacob, “Let me have the whole pot of red stuff to eat—that red stuff—I’m exhausted.” This is why he was called Edom.#25:30 There is a play on words here between Hebrew ʾadom (red stuff) and Edom.
31Jacob responded, “First, sell me your rights as firstborn.”
32“I’m about to die.” Esau said. “What good is my inheritance to me?”
33“First, swear an oath,” Jacob said. So Esau swore an oath to him and sold him his rights as firstborn. 34Then Jacob gave Esau a meal of bread and lentils. He ate and drank, and then he got up and left.
This is how Esau showed his contempt for his rights as firstborn.

Genesis 25

25
The Death and Descendants of Abraham
1Now Abraham again took a wife, and her name was Keturah. 2And she bore to him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3And Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim and Letushim and Leummim. 4And the sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abidah, and Eldaah. All of these were the children of Keturah. 5And Abraham gave all he had to Isaac. 6But to the sons of Abraham’s concubines Abraham gave gifts. And while he was still living he sent them away eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the east. 7Now these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham:#Literally “the years of the life of Abraham which he lived” one hundred and seventy-five years. 8And Abraham passed away and died in a good old age, old and full of years. And he was gathered to his people. 9And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite, that was east of Mamre, 10the field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites.#Or “sons of Heth” There Abraham was buried and Sarah his wife. 11And it happened that after the death of Abraham God blessed Isaac his son, and Isaac settled at Beer-Lahai-Roi.
12Now these are the generations#Or “family records” of Ishmael, the son of Abraham, that Hagar the Egyptian, the maidservant of Sarah, bore to Abraham. 13And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names according to their family records. The firstborn of Ishmael was Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.16These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their villages and by their encampments—12 leaders according to their tribes. 17Now these are the years of the life of Ishmael: 137 years. And he passed away and died, and was gathered to his people.18They settled from Havilah to Shur, which was opposite#Or “upon the face of” Egypt, going toward Asshur, opposite;#Or “upon the face of” he settled#Literally “fell” opposite#Or “upon the face of” all his brothers.
Jacob and Esau
19Now these are the generations#Or “family records” of Isaac, the son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac, 20And Isaac was forty years old#Literally “a son of forty years” when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-Aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, as his wife. 21And Isaac prayed to Yahweh on behalf of his wife, for she was barren. And Yahweh responded to his prayer, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22And the children in her womb jostled each other, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, why be pregnant?”#Literally “if so, why this I?” And she went to inquire of Yahweh. 23And Yahweh said to her, “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from birth#Literally “from your bowels” shall be divided. And one people shall be stronger than the other.#Literally “people than people shall be stronger” And the elder shall serve the younger.” 24And when her days to give birth were completed,#Or “full” then—behold—twins were in her womb. 25And the first came out red, all his body#Literally “of him” was like a hairy coat, so they called his name Esau. 26And afterward his brother came out, and his hand grasped the heel of Esau, so his name was called Jacob. And Isaac was sixty years old#Literally “a son of sixty years” at their birth. 27And the boys grew up. And Esau was a skilled#Or “knowing” (knowledgeable) hunter, a man of the field, but Jacob was a peaceful man, living in tents. 28And Isaac loved Esau because he could eat of his game,#Literally “game in his mouth” but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29Once#Or “and” Jacob cooked a thick stew, and Esau came in from the field, and he was exhausted. 30And Esau said to Jacob, “Give me some of that red stuff#Literally “some of the red, this red” to gulp down, for I am exhausted!” (Therefore his name was called Edom). 31Then Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright first.”#Literally “as the day” 32And Esau said, “Look, I am going to die; now what is this birthright to me?” 33Then Jacob said, “Swear to me first.”#Literally “as the day” And he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. 34Then Jacob gave Esau bread, and thick lentil stew, and he ate and drank. Then he got up and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.