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Genesis 10

10
The 14 Descendants of Japheth
(1 Chronicles 1:4–7)
1This is the account of Noah’s sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and their descendants. Shem, Ham and Japheth had children after the flood.
2Japheth’s descendants were
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3Gomer’s descendants were
Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4Javan’s descendants were
the people from Elishah, Tarshish, Cyprus, and Rhodes.#10:4 1 Chronicles 1:7, Samaritan Pentateuch, Greek; Masoretic Text “the Dodanim.”
5From these descendants the people of the coastlands spread into their own countries. Each nation had its own language and families.
The 30 Descendants of Ham
(1 Chronicles 1:8–16)
6Ham’s descendants were
Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
7Cush’s descendants were
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
Raamah’s descendants were
Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was the father of Nimrod, the first mighty warrior on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter whom the Lord blessed. That’s why people used to say, “⌞He’s⌟ like Nimrod, a mighty hunter whom the Lord blessed.” 10The first ⌞cities⌟ in his kingdom were Babylon, Erech, Accad, and Calneh in Shinar [Babylonia]. 11He went from that land to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, 12and Resen, the great city between Nineveh and Calah.
13Egypt was the ancestor of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came), and the Caphtorites.
15Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn, then Heth, 16also the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the Canaanite families scattered. 19The border of the Canaanites extended from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim as far as Lasha.
20These were Ham’s descendants by families and languages within their countries and nations.
The 26 Descendants of Shem
(1 Chronicles 1:17–23)
21Shem, Japheth’s older brother, also had children. ⌞Shem was⌟ the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.
22Shem’s descendants were
Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
23Aram’s descendants were
Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24Arpachshad was the father of Shelah,
and Shelah was the father of Eber.
25Two sons were born to Eber.
The name of the one was Peleg [Division], because in his day the earth was divided.
His brother’s name was Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. These were Joktan’s sons. 30The region where they lived extended from Mesha toward Sephar in the eastern mountains.
31These were Shem’s descendants by families and languages within their countries according to their nations.
32These were the families of Noah’s sons listed by their genealogies, nation by nation. From these ⌞descendants⌟ the nations spread over the earth after the flood.
10
Nations Descended from Noah
1These are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Sons were born to them after the flood.
2 # For ver. 1-5, see 1 Chr. 1:5-7; Ezek. 38:1-6 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4The sons of Javan: Elishah, #Ps. 72:10; Ezek. 38:13 Tarshish, #Num. 24:24; Isa. 23:1, 12; Dan. 11:30Kittim, and Dodanim. 5From these #Isa. 11:11; Jer. 2:10; 25:22; Ezek. 27:6; Zeph. 2:11the coastland peoples spread in their lands, each with his own language, by their clans, in their nations.
6 # For ver. 6-8, see 1 Chr. 1:8-10 The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. 7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8Cush fathered Nimrod; he was the first on earth to be a mighty man.#10:8 Or he began to be a mighty man on the earth 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord. Therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10The beginning of his kingdom was #ch. 11:9 Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in #ch. 11:2the land of Shinar. 11From that land he went into Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, and 12Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13#For ver. 13-18, see 1 Chr. 1:11-16Egypt fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom#10:14 Or from where the Philistines came), and #Deut. 2:23; Jer. 47:4; Amos 9:7Caphtorim.
15 # [ch. 15:18-21] Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the clans of the Canaanites dispersed. 19And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon in the direction of Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These are the sons of Ham, by their clans, their languages, their lands, and their nations.
21To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born. 22The #For ver. 22-29, see 1 Chr. 1:17-25sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram. 23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24Arpachshad fathered #ch. 11:12; Luke 3:35, 36Shelah; and Shelah fathered Eber. 25#1 Chr. 1:19To Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg,#10:25 Peleg means division for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Joktan. 26Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29#1 Kgs. 9:28; 10:11Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. 30The territory in which they lived extended from Mesha in the direction of Sephar to the hill country of the east. 31These are the sons of Shem, by their clans, their languages, their lands, and their nations.
32These are the clans of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, in their nations, #ver. 1; ch. 9:19and from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.