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Isaiah 1

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1The #ch. 6:1 vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem #Hos. 1:1; Mic. 1:1 in the days of #[2 Kgs. 15:1, 7]; See 2 Chr. 26 Uzziah, #See 2 Kgs. 15:32-38; 2 Chr. 27 Jotham, #ch. 7:1, 3, 10, 12; 14:28; See 2 Kgs. 16; 2 Chr. 28 Ahaz, and #See ch. 37:2–39:8; 2 Kgs. 18-20; 2 Chr. 29–32Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
The Wickedness of Judah
2 # Deut. 32:1; [Deut. 4:26] Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O #Mic. 1:2; 6:2 earth;
for the Lord has spoken:
“Children#1:2 Or Sons; also verse 4 #[Deut. 32:6, 10, 15]have I reared and brought up,
but they have rebelled against me.
3The ox #[Jer. 8:7]knows its owner,
and the donkey its master’s crib,
but Israel does #[Jer. 8:7]not know,
my people do not understand.”
4Ah, sinful nation,
a people laden with iniquity,
# [Matt. 3:7] offspring of evildoers,
children who deal corruptly!
They have forsaken the Lord,
they have #ch. 5:24 despised #See ch. 31:1 the Holy One of Israel,
they are utterly #Ezek. 14:5estranged.
5Why will you still be #Jer. 5:3; [ch. 9:13] struck down?
Why will you #ch. 31:6continue to rebel?
The whole head is sick,
and the whole heart faint.
6 # Ps. 38:3 From the sole of the foot even to the head,
there is no soundness in it,
but bruises and sores
and raw wounds;
they are #[Jer. 8:22]not pressed out or bound up
or softened with oil.
7 # ch. 5:5; 6:11, 12; Deut. 28:51, 52 Your country lies desolate;
your cities are burned with fire;
in your very presence
foreigners devour your land;
it is desolate, as overthrown by foreigners.
8And #ch. 10:32; 37:22; Zech. 2:10; 9:9 the daughter of Zion is left
like a #Job 27:18booth in a vineyard,
like a lodge in a cucumber field,
like a besieged city.
9 # Lam. 3:22 If the Lord of hosts
had not left us #ch. 10:21, 22; Cited Rom. 9:29 a few survivors,
we should have been like #ch. 13:19; Gen. 19:24, 25Sodom,
and become like #ch. 13:19; Gen. 19:24, 25Gomorrah.
10Hear the word of the Lord,
you rulers of #Ezek. 16:46, 48, 49, 55; [ch. 3:9; Rev. 11:8] #[Deut. 32:32]Sodom!
Give ear to the teaching#1:10 Or law of our God,
you people of #[Deut. 32:32]Gomorrah!
11 # Prov. 15:8; Jer. 6:20; Mal. 1:10; [ch. 66:3]; See 1 Sam. 15:22 “What to me is the multitude of your sacrifices?
says the Lord;
I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams
and the fat of well-fed beasts;
I do not delight in the blood of bulls,
or of lambs, or of goats.
12“When you come to #Ex. 23:17; 34:23appear before me,
who has required of you
this trampling of my courts?
13Bring no more vain offerings;
incense is an abomination to me.
# Num. 28:11; 1 Chr. 23:31 New moon and Sabbath and the #Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:36 calling of convocations—
I cannot endure #[Jer. 7:9, 10] iniquity and #See Joel 2:15-17solemn assembly.
14Your #[See ver. 13 above]new moons and your appointed feasts
my soul hates;
they have become a burden to me;
I am weary of bearing them.
15When you #1 Kgs. 8:22 spread out your hands,
I will hide my eyes from you;
# Prov. 1:28; Mic. 3:4 even though you make many prayers,
I will not listen;
# ch. 59:3 your hands are full of blood.
16 # [Jer. 2:22] Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean;
remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes;
# [1 Pet. 3:11] cease to do evil,
17learn to do good;
# Jer. 22:3 seek justice,
correct oppression;
# [ver. 23; James 1:27] bring justice to the fatherless,
plead the widow’s cause.
18“Come now, #Mic. 6:2; [ch. 43:26] let us reason#1:18 Or dispute together, says the Lord:
though your sins are like scarlet,
they shall be as #Ps. 51:7; [Rev. 7:14]white as snow;
though they are red like crimson,
they shall become like wool.
19 # Deut. 30:15, 16 If you are willing and obedient,
you shall eat the good of the land;
20but if you refuse and rebel,
you shall be eaten by the sword;
# ver. 2; ch. 24:3; 40:5; 58:14; Mic. 4:4; [Num. 23:19] for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
The Unfaithful City
21How the faithful city
# Jer. 2:20; [Ex. 34:15] has become a whore,#1:21 Or become unchaste
# [Jer. 31:23] she who was full of justice!
Righteousness lodged in her,
but now murderers.
22 # [Jer. 6:30; Ezek. 22:18] Your silver has become dross,
your best wine mixed with water.
23Your princes are rebels
and companions of thieves.
Everyone #Mic. 7:3; [Ex. 23:8] loves a bribe
and runs after gifts.
# Jer. 5:28; Zech. 7:10; [ver. 17] They do not bring justice to the fatherless,
and the widow’s cause does not come to them.
24Therefore the #ch. 3:1; 10:33 Lord declares,
the Lord of hosts,
the #Ps. 132:2 Mighty One of Israel:
“Ah, I will get relief from my enemies
# [Deut. 32:41] and avenge myself on my foes.
25 # Ps. 81:14; Amos 1:8; [ch. 5:25] I will turn my hand against you
and will smelt away your #[Ezek. 22:20; Mal. 3:3]dross as with lye
and remove all your alloy.
26And I will restore your judges #Jer. 33:7, 11 as at the first,
and your counselors as at the beginning.
Afterward #[Zech. 8:3]you shall be called the city of righteousness,
the faithful city.”
27 # Jer. 22:3, 4 Zion shall be redeemed by justice,
and those in her who repent, by righteousness.
28 # Job 31:3; Ps. 1:6 But rebels and sinners shall be broken together,
and those who forsake the Lord shall be consumed.
29 # Hos. 4:19 For they#1:29 Some Hebrew manuscripts you shall be ashamed of #ch. 57:5; Hos. 4:13 the oaks
that you desired;
and you shall blush for #ch. 65:3; 66:17the gardens
that you have chosen.
30For you shall be #[Jer. 17:8]like an oak
whose leaf withers,
and like a garden without water.
31And the strong shall become #Judg. 16:9 tinder,
and his work a spark,
and both of them shall burn together,
with #ch. 66:24none to quench them.

Isaiah 1

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Superscription
1The vision of Isaiah son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
Rebellious Judah
2Hear, heavens,
and listen, earth,
for Yahweh has spoken:
“I reared children
and I brought them up,
but they rebelled against me.
3An ox knows its owner
and a donkey the manger of its master.
Israel does not know;
my people do not understand.
4Ah, sinful nation,
a people heavy with iniquity,
offspring of evildoers,
children who deal corruptly.
They have forsaken Yahweh;
they have despised the holy one of Israel.
They are estranged and gone backward.
5Why do you want to be beaten again?
You continue in rebellion.
The whole of the head is sick,
and the whole of the heart is faint.
6From the sole of the foot and up to the head
there is no health in it;
bruise and sore and bleeding wound have not been cleansed,
and they have not been bound up
and not softened with the oil.
7Your country is desolate,
your cities are burned with fire;
As for your land, aliens are devouring it in your presence,
and it is desolate, like devastation by foreigners.
8And the daughter of Zion is left like a booth in a vineyard,
like a shelter in a cucumber field,
like a city that is besieged.#Or “preserved”
9If Yahweh of hosts had not left us survivors,#Hebrew “survivor”
we would have been as few as Sodom,
we would have become like Gomorrah.
10Hear the word of Yahweh, rulers of Sodom!
Listen to the teaching of our God, people of Gomorrah!
11What is the abundance of your sacrifices to me? says Yahweh.
I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams
and the fat of fattened animals
and I do not delight in the blood of bulls
and ram-lambs and goats.
12When you come to appear before me,
who asked for this from your hand:
you trampling my courts?
13You must not continue#Literally “increase” or “add to” to bring offerings#Hebrew “offering” of futility,
incense—it is an abomination to me;
new moon and Sabbath, the calling of a convocation—
I cannot endure iniquity with solemn assembly.
14Your new moons and your appointed festivals my soul hates;
they have become to me like a burden,
I am not able to bear them.
15And when you stretch out your hands,
I will hide my eyes from you;
even though you make many prayers,#Hebrew “prayer”
I will not be listening.
Your hands are full of blood. 16Wash! Make yourselves clean!
Remove the evil of your doings from before my eyes!
Cease to do evil! 17Learn to do good!
Seek justice! Rescue the oppressed!
Defend the orphan! Plead for the widow!
18“Come now, and let us argue,” says Yahweh.
“Even though your sins are like scarlet, they will be white like snow;
even though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool.
19If you are willing and you are obedient,
you shall eat the good of the land.
20But if you refuse and you rebel, you shall be devoured by the sword.
For the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.”
Purifying Jerusalem
21How has a faithful city become like a whore?
Full of justice, righteousness lodged in her, but now murderers.
22Your silver has become as dross;
Your wine is diluted with waters.
23Your princes are rebels
and companions of thieves.
Every one loves a bribe
and runs after gifts.
They do not defend the orphan
and the legal dispute of the widow does not come before them.
24Therefore, the declaration of the Lord Yahweh of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel:
“Ah, I will be relieved of my enemies,
and I will avenge myself on my foes.
25And I will turn my hand against you;
I will purify your dross like lye,
and I will remove all of your tin.
26And I will restore your judges, as at the first,
and your counselors, as at the beginning.
After this you will be called#Literally “it will be called for you” the city of righteousness,
faithful city.
27Zion will be redeemed by justice,
and those of her who repent, by righteousness.
28But the destruction of rebels and sinners shall be together,
and those who forsake Yahweh will perish.
29For you#Literally “they,” but a few manuscripts read “you,” which fits the context better will be ashamed of the oaks in which you delighted,
and you will be disgraced because of the gardens that you have chosen.
30For you shall be like an oak withering its leaves,
and like a garden where there is no water for her.
31And the strong man shall become like tinder,
and his work like a spark.
And both of them shall burn together,
and there is not one to quench them.”