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Isaiah 1

1The #ch. 6:1 vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem #Hos. 1:1; Mic. 1:1 in the days of #[2 Kgs. 15:1, 7]; See 2 Chr. 26 Uzziah, #See 2 Kgs. 15:32-38; 2 Chr. 27 Jotham, #ch. 7:1, 3, 10, 12; 14:28; See 2 Kgs. 16; 2 Chr. 28 Ahaz, and #See ch. 37:2–39:8; 2 Kgs. 18-20; 2 Chr. 29–32Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
The Wickedness of Judah
2 # Deut. 32:1; [Deut. 4:26] Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O #Mic. 1:2; 6:2 earth;
for the Lord has spoken:
“Children#1:2 Or Sons; also verse 4 #[Deut. 32:6, 10, 15]have I reared and brought up,
but they have rebelled against me.
3The ox #[Jer. 8:7]knows its owner,
and the donkey its master’s crib,
but Israel does #[Jer. 8:7]not know,
my people do not understand.”
4Ah, sinful nation,
a people laden with iniquity,
# [Matt. 3:7] offspring of evildoers,
children who deal corruptly!
They have forsaken the Lord,
they have #ch. 5:24 despised #See ch. 31:1 the Holy One of Israel,
they are utterly #Ezek. 14:5estranged.
5Why will you still be #Jer. 5:3; [ch. 9:13] struck down?
Why will you #ch. 31:6continue to rebel?
The whole head is sick,
and the whole heart faint.
6 # Ps. 38:3 From the sole of the foot even to the head,
there is no soundness in it,
but bruises and sores
and raw wounds;
they are #[Jer. 8:22]not pressed out or bound up
or softened with oil.
7 # ch. 5:5; 6:11, 12; Deut. 28:51, 52 Your country lies desolate;
your cities are burned with fire;
in your very presence
foreigners devour your land;
it is desolate, as overthrown by foreigners.
8And #ch. 10:32; 37:22; Zech. 2:10; 9:9 the daughter of Zion is left
like a #Job 27:18booth in a vineyard,
like a lodge in a cucumber field,
like a besieged city.
9 # Lam. 3:22 If the Lord of hosts
had not left us #ch. 10:21, 22; Cited Rom. 9:29 a few survivors,
we should have been like #ch. 13:19; Gen. 19:24, 25Sodom,
and become like #ch. 13:19; Gen. 19:24, 25Gomorrah.
10Hear the word of the Lord,
you rulers of #Ezek. 16:46, 48, 49, 55; [ch. 3:9; Rev. 11:8] #[Deut. 32:32]Sodom!
Give ear to the teaching#1:10 Or law of our God,
you people of #[Deut. 32:32]Gomorrah!
11 # Prov. 15:8; Jer. 6:20; Mal. 1:10; [ch. 66:3]; See 1 Sam. 15:22 “What to me is the multitude of your sacrifices?
says the Lord;
I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams
and the fat of well-fed beasts;
I do not delight in the blood of bulls,
or of lambs, or of goats.
12“When you come to #Ex. 23:17; 34:23appear before me,
who has required of you
this trampling of my courts?
13Bring no more vain offerings;
incense is an abomination to me.
# Num. 28:11; 1 Chr. 23:31 New moon and Sabbath and the #Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:36 calling of convocations—
I cannot endure #[Jer. 7:9, 10] iniquity and #See Joel 2:15-17solemn assembly.
14Your #[See ver. 13 above]new moons and your appointed feasts
my soul hates;
they have become a burden to me;
I am weary of bearing them.
15When you #1 Kgs. 8:22 spread out your hands,
I will hide my eyes from you;
# Prov. 1:28; Mic. 3:4 even though you make many prayers,
I will not listen;
# ch. 59:3 your hands are full of blood.
16 # [Jer. 2:22] Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean;
remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes;
# [1 Pet. 3:11] cease to do evil,
17learn to do good;
# Jer. 22:3 seek justice,
correct oppression;
# [ver. 23; James 1:27] bring justice to the fatherless,
plead the widow’s cause.
18“Come now, #Mic. 6:2; [ch. 43:26] let us reason#1:18 Or dispute together, says the Lord:
though your sins are like scarlet,
they shall be as #Ps. 51:7; [Rev. 7:14]white as snow;
though they are red like crimson,
they shall become like wool.
19 # Deut. 30:15, 16 If you are willing and obedient,
you shall eat the good of the land;
20but if you refuse and rebel,
you shall be eaten by the sword;
# ver. 2; ch. 24:3; 40:5; 58:14; Mic. 4:4; [Num. 23:19] for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
The Unfaithful City
21How the faithful city
# Jer. 2:20; [Ex. 34:15] has become a whore,#1:21 Or become unchaste
# [Jer. 31:23] she who was full of justice!
Righteousness lodged in her,
but now murderers.
22 # [Jer. 6:30; Ezek. 22:18] Your silver has become dross,
your best wine mixed with water.
23Your princes are rebels
and companions of thieves.
Everyone #Mic. 7:3; [Ex. 23:8] loves a bribe
and runs after gifts.
# Jer. 5:28; Zech. 7:10; [ver. 17] They do not bring justice to the fatherless,
and the widow’s cause does not come to them.
24Therefore the #ch. 3:1; 10:33 Lord declares,
the Lord of hosts,
the #Ps. 132:2 Mighty One of Israel:
“Ah, I will get relief from my enemies
# [Deut. 32:41] and avenge myself on my foes.
25 # Ps. 81:14; Amos 1:8; [ch. 5:25] I will turn my hand against you
and will smelt away your #[Ezek. 22:20; Mal. 3:3]dross as with lye
and remove all your alloy.
26And I will restore your judges #Jer. 33:7, 11 as at the first,
and your counselors as at the beginning.
Afterward #[Zech. 8:3]you shall be called the city of righteousness,
the faithful city.”
27 # Jer. 22:3, 4 Zion shall be redeemed by justice,
and those in her who repent, by righteousness.
28 # Job 31:3; Ps. 1:6 But rebels and sinners shall be broken together,
and those who forsake the Lord shall be consumed.
29 # Hos. 4:19 For they#1:29 Some Hebrew manuscripts you shall be ashamed of #ch. 57:5; Hos. 4:13 the oaks
that you desired;
and you shall blush for #ch. 65:3; 66:17the gardens
that you have chosen.
30For you shall be #[Jer. 17:8]like an oak
whose leaf withers,
and like a garden without water.
31And the strong shall become #Judg. 16:9 tinder,
and his work a spark,
and both of them shall burn together,
with #ch. 66:24none to quench them.

Yeshayah (Isaiah) 1

1The vision of Yeshayahu son of Amots, which he saw concerning Yehuḏah and Yerushalayim in the days of Uzziyahu, Yotham, Aḥaz, Ḥizqiyahu – sovereigns of Yehuḏah.
2Hear, O heavens, and listen, O earth! For יהוה has spoken, “I have reared and brought up children, but they have transgressed against Me.
3An ox knows its owner and a donkey its master’s crib – Yisra’ĕl does not know, My people have not understood.”
4Alas, sinning nation, a people loaded with crookedness, a seed of evil-doers, sons acting corruptly! They have forsaken יהוה, they have provoked the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl, they went backward.
5Why should you be stricken any more? You continue in apostasy! All the head is sick, and all the heart faints.
6From the sole of the foot, to the head, there is no soundness in it – wounds and bruises and open sores; they have not been closed or bound up, or soothed with ointment.
7Your land is laid waste, your cities are burned with fire, strangers devour your land in your presence. And it is laid waste, as overthrown by strangers.
8And the daughter of Tsiyon is left as a booth in a vineyard, as a hut in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
9Unless יהוה of hosts had left to us a small remnant, we would have become like Seḏom, we would have been made like Amorah.
10Hear the word#“Word” and “Torah” (teaching) are used as synonyms. of יהוה, you rulers of Seḏom; give ear to the Torah#“Word” and “Torah” (teaching) are used as synonyms. of our Elohim, you people of Amorah!
11“Of what use to Me are your many slaughterings?” declares יהוה. “I have had enough of ascending offerings of rams and the fat of fed beasts. I do not delight in the blood of bulls, or of lambs or goats.
12“When you come to appear before Me, who has required this from your hand, to trample My courtyards?
13“Stop bringing futile offerings, incense, it is an abomination to Me. New Moons, Sabbaths, the calling of gatherings – I am unable to bear unrighteousness and assembly.
14“My being hates your New Moons and your appointed times, they are a trouble to Me, I am weary of bearing them.
15“And when you spread out your hands, I hide My eyes from you; even though you make many prayers, I do not hear. Your hands have become filled with blood.
16“Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes. Stop doing evil!
17“Learn to do good! Seek right-ruling, reprove the oppressor, defend the fatherless, plead for the widow.
18“Come now, and let us reason together,” says יהוה. “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
19“If you submit and obey, you shall eat the good of the land;
20but if you refuse and rebel, you shall be devoured by the sword,” for the mouth of יהוה has spoken.
21How the steadfast city has become a whore! I have filled it with right-ruling; righteousness lodged in it, but now murderers.
22Your silver has become dross, your wine is mixed with water.
23Your rulers are stubborn, and companions of thieves. Everyone loves bribes, and runs after rewards. They do not defend the fatherless, nor does the cause of the widow reach them.
24Therefore the Master declares, יהוה of hosts, the Mighty One of Yisra’ĕl, “Ah, I shall be eased of My adversaries, and I shall be avenged of My enemies.
25“And I shall turn My hand against you, and shall refine your dross as with lye, and shall remove all your alloy.
26“And I shall give back your judges as at the first, and your counsellors as at the beginning. After this you shall be called the city of righteousness, a steadfast city.”
27Tsiyon shall be ransomed with right-ruling, and her returning ones with righteousness.
28And the destruction of transgressors and of sinners is together, and those who forsake יהוה shall be consumed.
29For they shall be ashamed of the terebinth trees which you have desired. And you shall be embarrassed because of the gardens which you have chosen.
30For you shall be as a terebinth whose leaf fades, and as a garden that has no water.
31The strong shall be for tow, and his work for a spark. And both shall burn together, with no one to extinguish.