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Genesis 37

37
Joseph’s Dreams
1Jacob lived in #See ch. 36:7the land of his father’s sojournings, in the land of Canaan.
2These are the generations of Jacob.
Joseph, being seventeen years old, was pasturing the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father’s wives. And Joseph brought #[1 Sam. 2:23, 24]a bad report of them to their father. 3Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his sons, because he was #ch. 44:20 the son of his old age. And he made him #ver. 23, 32a robe of many colors.#37:3 See Septuagint, Vulgate; or (with Syriac) a robe with long sleeves. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain; also verses 23, 32 4But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peacefully to him.
5Now Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they hated him even more. 6He said to them, “Hear this dream that I have dreamed: 7Behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and behold, #ch. 42:6, 9 my sheaf arose and stood upright. And behold, your sheaves gathered around it and #ch. 43:26; 44:14bowed down to my sheaf.” 8His brothers said to him, “Are you indeed to reign over us? Or are you indeed to rule over us?” So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.
9Then he dreamed another dream and told it to his brothers and said, “Behold, I have dreamed another dream. Behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 10But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and #[ch. 35:18] your mother and your brothers indeed come #ver. 7, 9to bow ourselves to the ground before you?” 11And #Acts 7:9 his brothers were jealous of him, #[Luke 2:19, 51]but his father kept the saying in mind.
Joseph Sold by His Brothers
12Now his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock near #See ch. 33:18Shechem. 13And Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them.” And he said to him, “Here I am.” 14So he said to him, “Go now, see if it is well with your brothers and with the flock, and bring me word.” So he sent him from the Valley of #ch. 13:18; 35:27Hebron, and he came to Shechem. 15And a man found him wandering in the fields. And the man asked him, “What are you seeking?” 16“I am seeking my brothers,” he said. “Tell me, please, where they are pasturing the flock.” 17And the man said, “They have gone away, for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to #2 Kgs. 6:13Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at #2 Kgs. 6:13Dothan.
18They saw him from afar, and before he came near to them #[Ps. 37:12, 32]they conspired against him to kill him. 19They said to one another, “Here comes this dreamer. 20Come now, #ver. 26let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits.#37:20 Or cisterns; also verses 22, 24 Then we will say that a fierce animal has devoured him, and we will see what will become of his dreams.” 21But when #ch. 42:22Reuben heard it, he rescued him out of their hands, saying, “Let us not take his life.” 22And Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood; throw him into this pit here in the wilderness, but do not lay a hand on him”—#ver. 29, 30that he might rescue him out of their hand to restore him to his father. 23So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, #ver. 3the robe of many colors that he wore. 24And they took him and #[Jer. 38:6; Lam. 3:53]threw him into a pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it.
25Then they sat down to eat. And looking up they saw a #Job 6:19; Isa. 21:13 caravan of #[ver. 28, 36; ch. 39:1] Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing #ch. 43:11; Jer. 8:22; 46:11gum, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry it down to Egypt. 26Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is it #ver. 20if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? 27Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and #[1 Sam. 18:17]let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother, our own flesh.” And his brothers listened to him. 28Then #ver. 36; Judg. 8:22, 24 Midianite traders passed by. And they drew Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and #ch. 45:4; Ps. 105:17; Acts 7:9sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels#37:28 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams of silver. They took Joseph to Egypt.
29When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he #ch. 44:13; Num. 14:6; 2 Sam. 1:11; 3:31; Job 1:20tore his clothes 30and returned to his brothers and said, “The boy #ch. 42:13, 32, 36; 44:31; Jer. 31:15; Lam. 5:7is gone, and I, where shall I go?” 31Then they took #ver. 23Joseph’s robe and slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. 32And they sent the robe of many colors and brought it to their father and said, “This we have found; please identify whether it is your son’s robe or not.” 33And he identified it and said, “It is my son’s robe. #ver. 20; ch. 44:28A fierce animal has devoured him. Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces.” 34Then Jacob tore his garments and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned for his son many days. 35All his sons and all his daughters #[2 Sam. 12:17] rose up to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted and said, “No, #ch. 42:38; 44:29, 31I shall go down to Sheol to my son, mourning.” Thus his father wept for him. 36Meanwhile #ver. 28; [ver. 25; ch. 39:1] the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, #ch. 40:3, 4; 41:10, 12the captain of the guard.
37
1And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Kena’an (merchant; trader; or that humbles and subdues).
2These [are] the generations of Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of). Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]), [being] seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the boy [was] with the sons of Bilhah (troubled; timid), and with the sons of Zilpah (a tickling; a sprinkle), his father’s wives: and Yosef brought unto his father their evil report.
3Now Isra’el loved Yosef more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colors.
4And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.
5And Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) dreamed a dream, and he told [it] his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.
6And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream which I have dreamed:
7For, behold, we [were] binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, youri sheaves stood round about, and made obesiance (bowing or kneeling in respect) to my sheaf.
8And his brethren said to him, Shalt youi indeed reign over us? or shall youi indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.
9And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obesiance (bowing or kneeling in respect) [a bow, curtsy, or other similar gesture] to me.
10And he told [it] to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What [is] this dream that youi have dreamed? Shall I and youri mother and youri brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to youi to the earth?
11And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.
12And his brethren went to feed their father’s flock in Sh’khem [back or shoulder, portion].
13And Isra’el (he who holds onto God-The Creator) said unto Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]), Do not youri brethren feed [the flock] in Sh’khem [back or shoulder, portion]? come, and I will send youi unto them. And he said to him, Here [am I].
14And he said to him, Go, I pray youi, see whether it be well with youri brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the valley of Hevron, and he came to Sh’khem [back or shoulder, portion].
15And a certain man found him, and, behold, [he was] wandering in the field: and the man asked him, saying, What [do] youi seek?
16And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, I pray youi, where they feed [their flocks].
17And the man said, They are departed hence; for I heard them say, Let us go to Dotan (two wells, double feast). And Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) went after his brethren, and found them in Dotan (two wells, double feast).
18And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him.
19And they said one to another, ‘Behold, this dreamer comes!’
20Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast has devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.
21And Re’uven (behold a son) heard [it], and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him.
22And Re’uven said unto them, Shed no blood, [but] cast him into this pit that [is] in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again.
23And it came to pass, when Yosef was come unto his brethren, that they stripped Yosef out of his coat, [his] coat of [many] colors that [was] on him;
24And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit [was] empty, [there was] no water in it.
25And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Yishma’elim [Yishma’elim (Ishmaelites) [God will Hear]] (They Will Hear God [EL]) came from Gil’ad (hill of testimony or mound of witness) with their camels bearing spices and balm (a medicine; rosin from a bush) and myrrh, going to carry [it] down to Mitzrayim [Egypt] (Double Distress or Double Stronghold, Black Land). Egypt.
26And Y’hudah (Let the Powerful One be Praised [Yah]) said unto his brethren, What profit [is it] if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood?
27Come, and let us sell him to the Yishma’elim (They Will Hear God [EL]), and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content.
28Then there passed by Midyanim [Strife] (People of Strife; Place Of Judgment) merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) out of the pit, and sold Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) to the Yishma’elim (They Will Hear God [EL]) for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) into Mitzrayim [Egypt] (Double Distress or Double Stronghold, Black Land).
29And Re’uven (behold a son) returned unto the pit; and, behold, Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) [was] not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
30And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The child [is] not; and I, to where shall I go?
31And they took Yosef’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;
32And they sent the coat of [many] colors, and they brought [it] to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it [be] youri son’s coat or no.
33And he knew it, and said, [It is] my son’s coat; an evil beast has devoured him; Yosef (Increaser; May God the Powerful One add [Yah]) is without doubt rent in pieces.
34And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his waist, and mourned for his son many days.
35And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning. In the following manner his father wept for him.
36And the Midyanim [Strife] (People of Strife; Place Of Judgment) sold him into Mitzrayim unto Potifar (He Whom The Ra Gave, Priest of the Bull), an officer of Pharaoh’s, [and] captain of the guard.