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Genesis 36

36
Edomite Lists.#The line of Esau. In the preceding chapter (35:22–26), the list of Jacob’s children completes the narrative of Jacob; in this chapter, the narrative of Esau is complete when his descendants are listed. The notice of Abraham’s death and burial in 25:7–10 was followed by a list of the line of his elder son Ishmael (25:12–18) and here Isaac’s death and burial are followed by the line of Esau. The lines of both Ishmael and Esau are introduced by the same double formula, “These are the descendants of…” (25:12; 36:9) and “These are the names of the sons of…” (25:13; 36:10). The chapter consists of diverse material: vv. 1–3, Esau’s wives; vv. 9–14, Esau’s descendants; vv. 15–19, the clans of Esau; vv. 20–30, the Horites of Seir; vv. 31–39, the Edomite kings; vv. 40–43, the Edomites. 1These are the descendants of Esau (that is, Edom). 2#The names of Esau’s wives and of their fathers given here differ considerably from their names cited from other old sources in 26:34 and 28:9. Zibeon the Hivite: in v. 20 he is called a “Horite”; see note on 34:2. Esau took his wives from among the Canaanite women: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah, the daughter of Anah the son of Zibeon the Hivite;#Gn 26:34. 3and Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth. 4Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath bore Reuel;#1 Chr 1:35. 5and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These are the sons of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan.#1 Chr 1:35.
6Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, as well as his livestock, all his cattle, and all the property he had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to the land of Seir, away from his brother Jacob.#Gn 32:4. 7Their possessions had become too great for them to dwell together, and the land in which they were residing could not support them because of their livestock. 8So Esau settled in the highlands of Seir. (Esau is Edom.)#Dt 2:4–5; Jos 24:4. 9These are the descendants of Esau,#These are the descendants of Esau: the original heading of the genealogy is preserved in v. 10 (“These are the names of the sons of Esau”). This use of the Priestly formula is secondary and should not be counted in the list of ten such formulas in Genesis. ancestor of the Edomites, in the highlands of Seir.
10These are the names of the sons of Esau: Eliphaz, son of Adah, wife of Esau, and Reuel, son of Basemath, wife of Esau. 11#1 Chr 1:36. The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. 12Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. Those were the sons of Adah, the wife of Esau. 13These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. Those were the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.#1 Chr 1:37. 14These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah—the daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon—whom she bore to Esau: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.#1 Chr 1:35.
15These are the clans of the sons of Esau. The sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn: the clans of Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, 16Korah, Gatam, and Amalek. These are the clans of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Adah. 17These are the sons of Reuel, son of Esau: the clans of Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the clans of Reuel in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Basemath, wife of Esau. 18These were the sons of Oholibamah, wife of Esau: the clans of Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the clans of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah. 19These are the sons of Esau—that is, Edom—according to their clans.
20These are the sons of Seir the Horite,#Seir the Horite: according to Dt 2:12, the highlands of Seir were inhabited by Horites before they were occupied by the Edomites. the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,#1 Chr 1:38. 21Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; those are the clans of the Horites, sons of Seir in the land of Edom. 22#1 Chr 1:39–42. The sons of Lotan were Hori and Hemam, and Lotan’s sister was Timna. 23These are the sons of Shobal: Alvan, Mahanath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. 24These are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. He is the Anah who found water in the desert while he was pasturing the donkeys of his father Zibeon. 25These are the children of Anah: Dishon and Oholibamah, daughter of Anah. 26These are the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. 27These are the sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan. 28These are the sons of Dishan: Uz and Aran. 29These are the clans of the Horites: the clans of Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 30Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; those are the clans of the Horites, clan by clan, in the land of Seir.
31#1 Chr 1:43–54. These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the Israelites.#Before any king reigned over the Israelites: obviously this statement was written after the time of Saul, Israel’s first king. According to 1 Sm 14:47, Saul waged war against the Edomites; according to 2 Sm 8:2, 13–14 and 1 Kgs 11:14–17, David made Edom a vassal state and nearly wiped out the royal line. These events reflect the words of the Lord to Rebekah at the birth of the boys, “the older shall serve the younger” (25:23). 32Bela, son of Beor, became king in Edom; the name of his city was Dinhabah. 33When Bela died, Jobab, son of Zerah, from Bozrah, succeeded him as king. 34When Jobab died, Husham, from the land of the Temanites, succeeded him as king. 35When Husham died, Hadad, son of Bedad, succeeded him as king. He is the one who defeated Midian in the country of Moab; the name of his city was Avith. 36When Hadad died, Samlah, from Masrekah, succeeded him as king. 37When Samlah died, Shaul, from Rehoboth-on-the-River, succeeded him as king. 38When Shaul died, Baal-hanan, son of Achbor, succeeded him as king. 39When Baal-hanan, son of Achbor, died, Hadad succeeded him as king; the name of his city was Pau. His wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, son of Mezahab.
40These are the names of the clans of Esau identified according to their families and localities: the clans of Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 41Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 42Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43Magdiel, and Iram. Those are the clans of the Edomites, according to their settlements in their territorial holdings—that is, of Esau, the ancestor of the Edomites.
36
The Descendants of Esau
(1 Chronicles 1.34-54)
1Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom. 2#Gen 26.34. Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholiba´mah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zib´e-on the Hivite; 3#Gen 28.9. and Bash´emath Ish´ma-el's daughter, sister of Neba´joth. 4And Adah bare to Esau El´iphaz, and Bash´emath bare Reu´el; 5and Aholiba´mah bare Je´ush, and Ja´alam, and Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan.
6And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. 7For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. 8Thus dwelt Esau in mount Se´ir: Esau is Edom.
9And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Se´ir: 10these are the names of Esau's sons; El´iphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reu´el the son of Bash´emath the wife of Esau. 11And the sons of El´iphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. 12And Timna was concubine to El´iphaz Esau's son; and she bare to El´iphaz Am´alek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife. 13And these are the sons of Reu´el; Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons of Bash´emath Esau's wife. 14And these were the sons of Aholiba´mah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zib´e-on, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau Je´ush, and Ja´alam, and Korah.
15These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of El´iphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, 16duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Am´alek: these are the dukes that came of El´iphaz in the land of Edom: these were the sons of Adah. 17And these are the sons of Reu´el Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reu´el in the land of Edom: these are the sons of Bash´emath Esau's wife. 18And these are the sons of Aholiba´mah Esau's wife; duke Je´ush, duke Ja´alam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholiba´mah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife. 19These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes.
20These are the sons of Se´ir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zib´e-on, and Anah, 21and Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Se´ir in the land of Edom. 22And the children of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan's sister was Timna. 23And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Man´ahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. 24And these are the children of Zib´e-on; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zib´e-on his father. 25And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and Aholiba´mah the daughter of Anah. 26And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. 27The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and Za´avan, and Akan. 28The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran. 29These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zib´e-on, duke Anah, 30duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Se´ir.
31And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel. 32And Bela the son of Be´or reigned in Edom: and the name of his city was Din´habah. 33And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. 34And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Te´mani reigned in his stead. 35And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote Mid´i-an in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith. 36And Hadad died, and Samlah of Masre´kah reigned in his stead. 37And Samlah died, and Saul of Reho´both by the river reigned in his stead. 38And Saul died, and Ba´al–ha´nan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. 39And Ba´al–ha´nan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pa´u; and his wife's name was Mehet´abel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me´zahab.
40And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, 41duke Aholiba´mah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 42duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 43duke Mag´di-el, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.