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Genesis 22

22
The Testing of Abraham.#The divine demand that Abraham sacrifice to God the son of promise is the greatest of his trials; after the successful completion of the test, he has only to buy a burial site for Sarah and find a wife for Isaac. The story is widely recognized as a literary masterpiece, depicting in a few lines God as the absolute Lord, inscrutable yet ultimately gracious, and Abraham, acting in moral grandeur as the great ancestor of Israel. Abraham speaks simply, with none of the wordy evasions of chaps. 13 and 21. The style is laconic; motivations and thoughts are not explained, and the reader cannot but wonder at the scene. In vv. 15–18, the angel repeats the seventh and climactic promise. Moriah: the mountain is not given a precise geographical location here, though 2 Chr 3:1 identifies Moriah as the mountain of Jerusalem where Solomon built the Temple; Abraham is thus the first to worship there. The word “Moriah” is a play on the verb “to see” (Heb. ra’ah); the wordplay is continued in v. 8, “God will provide (lit., “see”)” and in v. 14, Yahweh-yireh, meaning “the Lord will see/provide.” 1Some time afterward, God put Abraham to the test and said to him: Abraham! “Here I am!” he replied.#Sir 44:20. 2Then God said: Take your son Isaac, your only one, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah. There offer him up as a burnt offering on one of the heights that I will point out to you.#2 Chr 3:1; 1 Mc 2:52; Heb 11:17. 3Early the next morning Abraham saddled his donkey, took with him two of his servants and his son Isaac, and after cutting the wood for the burnt offering, set out for the place of which God had told him.
4On the third day Abraham caught sight of the place from a distance. 5Abraham said to his servants: “Stay here with the donkey, while the boy and I go on over there. We will worship and then come back to you.” 6So Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and laid it on his son Isaac, while he himself carried the fire and the knife. As the two walked on together, 7Isaac spoke to his father Abraham. “Father!” he said. “Here I am,” he replied. Isaac continued, “Here are the fire and the wood, but where is the sheep for the burnt offering?” 8“My son,” Abraham answered, “God will provide the sheep for the burnt offering.” Then the two walked on together.
9When they came to the place of which God had told him, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. Next he bound#Bound: the Hebrew verb is ‘aqad, from which is derived the noun Akedah, “the binding (of Isaac),” the traditional Jewish name for this incident. his son Isaac, and put him on top of the wood on the altar.#Jas 2:21. 10Then Abraham reached out and took the knife to slaughter his son.#Wis 10:5. 11But the angel of the Lord called to him from heaven, “Abraham, Abraham!” “Here I am,” he answered. 12“Do not lay your hand on the boy,” said the angel. “Do not do the least thing to him. For now I know that you fear God, since you did not withhold from me your son, your only one.”#Rom 8:32; 1 Jn 4:9. 13Abraham looked up and saw a single ram caught by its horns in the thicket. So Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering in place of his son.#While the Bible recognizes that firstborn males belong to God (Ex 13:11–16; 34:19–20), and provides an alternate sacrifice to redeem firstborn sons, the focus here is on Abraham’s being tested by God (v. 1). But the widely attested practice of child sacrifice underscores, for all its horror today, the realism of the test. 14Abraham named that place Yahweh-yireh;#Yahweh-yireh: a Hebrew expression meaning “the Lord will see/provide.” See note on vv. 1–19. hence people today say, “On the mountain the Lord will provide.”
15#The seventh and climactic statement of the blessings to Abraham. Unlike the other statements, which were purely promissory, this one is presented as a reward for Abraham’s extraordinary trust. A second time the angel of the Lord called to Abraham from heaven 16#Gn 15:5; Ex 32:13; Lk 1:73; Rom 4:13; Heb 6:13–14; 11:12. and said: “I swear by my very self—oracle of the Lord—that because you acted as you did in not withholding from me your son, your only one, 17I will bless you and make your descendants as countless as the stars of the sky and the sands of the seashore; your descendants will take possession of the gates of their enemies,#Gn 24:60. 18and in your descendants all the nations of the earth will find blessing, because you obeyed my command.”#Gn 12:3; 18:18; 26:4; Sir 44:21; Acts 3:25; Gal 3:16.
19Abraham then returned to his servants, and they set out together for Beer-sheba, where Abraham lived.
Nahor’s Descendants.#The descendants to the second generation of Nahor, Abraham’s brother, who married Milcah. Of Terah’s three sons (11:27), the oldest, Abraham, fathered Isaac (21:1–7), and the youngest, Haran (who died in Ur), fathered Lot. Abraham is now told that Nahor had eight children by Milcah and four by his concubine Reumah. Apart from the notice about the children born to Abraham by his second wife, Keturah (25:1–6), all the information about Terah’s family to the second generation is now complete. It is noteworthy that Jacob will, like Nahor, have eight children by his wives and four by his concubines. 20Some time afterward, the news came to Abraham: “Milcah too has borne sons to your brother Nahor: 21Uz, his firstborn, his brother Buz, Kemuel the father of Aram, 22Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 23Bethuel became the father of Rebekah. These eight Milcah bore to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. 24His concubine, whose name was Reumah, also bore children: Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.

Genesis 22

22
1And it came to pass after these things, that God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] did tempt Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will], and said unto him, Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will]: and he said, Behold, [here] I [am].
2And he said, Take now youri son, youri only [son] Yitz’chak [Laughter], whom youi love, and get youi into the land of Moriyah [chosen by Yehovah] (pronounced, more-ee-Yah); and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell youi of.
3And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] rose up early in the morning, and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Yitz’chak [Laughter] his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] had told him.
4Then on the third day Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.
5And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] said unto his young men, Abide youf here with the donkey; and I and the boy will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.
6And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid [it] upon Yitz’chak [Laughter] his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.
7And Yitz’chak [Laughter] spoke unto Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here [am] I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where [is] the lamb for a burnt offering?
8And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] said, My son, God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.
9And they came to the place which God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] had told him of; and Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Yitz’chak [Laughter] his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.
10And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
11And the angel of the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) called unto him out of heaven, and said, Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will], Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will]: and he said, Here [am] I.
12And he said, Lay not youri hand upon the boy, neither do youi anything unto him: for now I know that youi fear God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered], seeing youi have not withheld youri son, youri only [son] from me.
13And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind [him] a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will]
14And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] called the name of that place Yehovah-Yir’eh [Jehovah will see (to it), Jehovah provides]: as it is said [to] this day, In the mount of the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) it shall be seen.
15And the angel of the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) called unto Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] out of heaven the second time,
16And said, By myself have I sworn, says the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate), for because youi have done this thing, and have not withheld youri son, youri only [son]:
17That in blessing I will bless youi, and in multiplying I will multiply youri seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which [is] upon the sea shore; and youri seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
18And in youri seed shall all the nations of the earth be Blessed (Favored by God; happy; prosperous); because youi have obeyed my voice.
19So Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Be’er-Sheva (well of the sevenfold oath); and Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] dwelt at Be’er-Sheva (well of the sevenfold oath).
20And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will], saying, Behold, Milkah (Counsel; Queen), she has also born children unto youri brother Nokhor (a snort, a snorting; charred, scorched);
21‘Utz (counsel; wooded) his firstborn, and Buz [contempt] (contempt) his brother, and K’mu’el (congregation of/raised of God) the father of Aram (citadel, palace; elevated, lifted up).
22And Kesed (increase), and Hazo (vision), and Pildash (flame of fire), and Yidlaf (weeping), and B’tu’el (meaning disputed).
23And B’tu’el (meaning disputed) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Rivkah (Tied Up; Secured): these eight Milkah (Counsel; Queen) did bear to Nokhor (a snort, a snorting; charred, scorched), Avraham’s [exalted father/Fly They Will] brother.
24And his concubine, whose name was Re’umah (exalted, elevated, lifted up), she bore also Tevach (murder; butcher; slaughter), and Gacham (burning; flame, bursting forth), and Tachash (that makes haste; that keeps silence), and Ma’akhah [oppression] (Oppression; Squeezer).