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Berĕshith (Genesis) 10

10
1And this is the genealogy of the sons of Noaḥ: Shĕm, Ḥam, and Yapheth. And sons were born to them after the flood.
2The sons of Yapheth: Gomer, and Maḡoḡ, and Maḏai, and Yawan, and Tuḇal, and Mesheḵ, and Tiras.
3And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Toḡarmah.
4And the sons of Yawan: Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Doḏanim.
5From these the coastland peoples of the nations were separated into their lands, everyone according to his language, according to their clans, into their nations.
6And the sons of Ḥam: Kush, and Mitsrayim, and Put, and Kena‛an.
7And the sons of Kush: Seḇa, and Ḥawilah, and Saḇtah, and Ra‛mah, and Saḇteḵa. And the sons of Ra‛mah: Sheḇa and Deḏan.
8And Kush brought forth Nimroḏ, he began to be a mighty one on the earth.
9He was a mighty hunter before יהוה, therefore it is said, “Like Nimroḏ the mighty hunter before יהוה.”
10And the beginning of his reign was Baḇel, and Ereḵ, and Akkaḏ, and Kalnĕh, in the land of Shin‛ar.
11From that land he went to Ashshur and built Ninewĕh, and Reḥoḇoth Ir, and Kelaḥ,
12and Resen between Ninewĕh and Kelaḥ, the great city.
13And Mitsrayim brought forth Luḏim, and Anamim, and Lehaḇim, and Naphtuḥim,
14and Pathrusim, and Kasluḥim, from whom came the Philistines and Kaphtorim.
15And Kena‛an brought forth Tsiḏon his first-born, and Ḥĕth,
16and the Yeḇusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,
17and the Ḥiwwite, and the Arqite, and the Sinite,
18and the Arwaḏite, and the Tsemarite, and the Ḥamathite. And afterward the clans of the Kena‛anites were spread abroad.
19And the border of the Kena‛anites was from Tsiḏon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Azzah, as you go toward Seḏom, and Amorah, and Aḏmah, and Tseḇoyim, as far as Lasha.
20These were the sons of Ḥam, according to their clans, according to their languages, in their lands, in their nations.
21And also to Shĕm, the father of all the children of Ěḇer, the brother of Yapheth the elder, children were born.
22The sons of Shĕm: Ěylam, and Asshur, and Arpaḵshaḏ, and Luḏ, and Aram.
23And the sons of Aram: Uts, and Ḥul, and Gether, and Mash.
24And Arpaḵshaḏ brought forth Shelaḥ, and Shelaḥ brought forth Ěḇer.
25And to Ěḇer were born two sons, the name of one was Peleḡ, for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Yoqtan.
26And Yoqtan brought forth Almoḏaḏ, and Sheleph, and Ḥatsarmaweth, and Yeraḥ,
27and Haḏoram, and Uzal, and Diqlah,
28and Oḇal, and Aḇima’ĕl, and Sheḇa,
29and Ophir, and Ḥawilah, and Yoḇaḇ. All these were sons of Yoqtan.
30And their dwelling place was from Mĕysha as you go toward Sephar, a mountain of the east.
31These were the sons of Shĕm, according to their clans, according to their languages, in their lands, according to their nations.
32These were the clans of the sons of Noaḥ, according to their generations, in their nations. And from these the nations were divided on the earth after the flood.
10
1Now these [are] the generations of the sons of Noach (Rest, Consolation), Shem (name, renown (great reputation; being well-known)), Ham (hot, heat, brown), and Yefet (enlarged; fair; persuading): and unto them were sons born after the flood.
2The sons of Yefet (enlarged; fair; persuading); Gomer [complete] (to finish; complete), and Magog [land of God] (covering; roof; dissolving), and Madai (a measure; judging; a garment), and Yavan (deceiver; one who makes sad), and Tuval (the earth; the world; confusion), and Meshekh (who is drawn by force), and Tiras (pleasing).
3And the sons of Gomer [complete]; Ashkenaz (a fire that spreads), and Rigat (remedy; medicine; release; pardon), and Togarmah [you will break her] (which is all bone).
4And the sons of Yavan; Elishah [God of the coming one] (it is God; the lamb of God: God that gives help), and Tarshish [yellow jasper] (contemplation; examination), Kittim (breaking; bruising small; gold; coloring), and Dodanim (beloved).
5By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
6And the sons of Ham (hot, heat, brown); Kush (blackness, Cushi (Ethiopian)), and Mitzrayim [Egypt] (tribulations, Double Distress or Double Stronghold, Black Land), Mizraim, and Put (a bow, a warrior), and Kena’an (merchant; trader; or that humbles and subdues).
7And the sons of Kush (blackness, Etheopian); S’va (a drunkard; that turn), and Havilah (that suffers pain; that brings forth), and Savta (a going about or circuiting), and Ra’amah (greatness; thunder; some sort of evil), and Savt’kha (that surrounds; that causes wounding): and the sons of Ra’amah (greatness; thunder; some sort of evil); Sh’va (oath), and D’dan (their breasts; friendship; a judge).
8And Kush (blackness, Etheopian) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Nimrod (rebellion): he began to be a mighty one in the earth.
9He was a mighty hunter in place of [in opposition to] the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate): For what reason it is said, Even as Nimrod (rebellion) the mighty hunter in place of [in opposition to] the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate).
10And the beginning of his kingdom was Bavel Bavel (to jumble, or a confused medley of sounds; confusion; gate of the deity), and Erekh (to extract, or draw out), and Akkad (A vessel, pitcher, spark), and Kalneh (Our consummation; all of them), in the land of Shin’ar (Tooth Town, or City Of Wit).
11Out of that land went forth Ashur (level plain; over the flames), and built Nineveh [abode of Ninus, or Offspring’s Habitation] (Offspring’s Habitation, poss. Fish pond sacred to Ishtar/Easter/Europa), and the city Rekhovot (wide open spaces; wild places/street, City of Room; Big City), and Kelach (as new, Vigor, completion),
12And Resen (Head Of A Spring) between Nineveh [abode of Ninus, or Offspring’s Habitation] (Offspring’s Habitation, poss. Fish pond sacred to Ishtar / Easter / Europa) and Kelach (as new, Vigor, completion): the same [is] a great city.
13And Mitzrayim [Egypt] (tribulations, Double Distress or Double Stronghold, Black Land) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Ludim (nativity, generation), and Anamim (Responding Waters), and L’havim (Flames or Blades), and Naftuchim (Openers or Engravers),
14And Patrusim (South Land of Mitzrayim [Egypt]; interpret dreams), and Kaftorim (outstretched hand; cup).
15And Kena’an (merchant; trader; or that humbles and subdues) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Tzidon (hunting; fishing) his firstborn, and Het (terror),
16And the Y’vusi (Trampled Underfoot), and the Emori (The Talkers), and the Girgashi (dwelling on a clayish soil),
17And the Hivi (villagers), and the ‘Arki (to go away, to gnaw), and the Sini (thorn, sharpen; [pos. the Chinese]),
18And the Arvadi (wander, restlessly, roam), and the Tz’mari (Wooly Boys), and the Hamati (putrid, grow rancid; fortress): and afterward were the families of the Kena’ani (low/humbled ones; merchants) spread abroad.
19And the border of the Kena’ani (low/humbled ones; merchants) was from Tzidon (hunting; fishing; venison; Hunter’s Lodge, Provision Storage, Harbor Master, or even Judge Of The Si), as youi come to G’rar (a lodging place, Sojourning, slime, be a stranger, stir up wars, or be afraid, stand in awe), unto ‘Azah (Strong Place, fortified place); as youi go, unto S’dom (burning, denotes penal constrictions around the ankles), and ‘Amora (submersion, Tyrants, bind sheaves, People of Fear), and Admah (red or ruddy (reddish hair or complexion) ground), and Tzvoyim (speckled, Multifariously Colored, or Fingers), even unto Lesha (fissure; To Be Viewed, To Be Blinded, or To Be Played With; bursting forth).
20These [are] the sons of Ham (hot, burnt, heat, brown), after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, [and] in their nations.
21Unto Shem (Name or Fame; the entire essence of a person) also, the father of all the children of ‘Ever (the region beyond; pass over, through, take away; overflowing of temper: wrath and rage; fury; to be arrogant or infuriate oneself), the brother of Yefet (terror, enlarged; fair; persuading, opened; Wide Spreading) the elder, even to him were [children] born.
22The children of Shem (name, renown (great reputation; being well-known)); ‘‘Eilam [eternity] (Hidden; Young Man or Always; Perhaps alluding to hidden secrets of the future), and Ashur (level plain; over the flames), and Arpakhshad, and Lud [strife] (no real meaning in Hebrew; possibly: to turn aside; strife), and Aram (citadel, palace; elevated, lifted up).
23And the children of Aram (citadel, palace; elevated, lifted up); ‘Utz (deep contemplation on reality and justice), and Hul (be firm, endure), and Geter (Circle Of The Winepress), and Mash (Extend).
24And Arpakhshad (meaning unknown; pos. reference to a “stronghold of the Kasdim [Kasdim [clod-breakers]] [Sorcerers]) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Shelach (Sent Out, Branch or Javelin; to prosper, rest); and Shelach (Sent Out, Branch or Javelin; to prosper, rest) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) ‘Ever (the region beyond; pass over, though, take away; overflowing of temper: wrath and rage; fury; to be arrogant or infuriate oneself).
25And unto ‘Ever (the region beyond; pass over, though, take away; overflowing of temper: wrath and rage; fury; to be arrogant or infuriate oneself) were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg (Division or Divider; specif. channel or canal); for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name [was] Yoktan (He Will Be Made Small; insignificant).
26And Yoktan (He Will Be Made Small; insignificant) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Almodad (Who Does God Love? or: How God Loves!), and Shelef (Drawn Out), and Hatzar-Mavet (Village Of Death; drawn out of death; mostly of a form or shape that starts out small and grows larger, like a trumpet), and Yerach (Moon; or possibly Wanderer),
27And Hadoram (Exalted Glory, or (seen as a plural) Honors/ Splendors/ Ornaments), and Uzal (Take Off or Vanish), and Diklah (Date-Tree, Palm, the idea of rocking to and fro in the air),
28And ‘Oval (To be Bare, stripped off [leaves]; No Cloud / Clear Skies), and Avima’el (What A Father Is God [EL]), and Sh’va (splinters, flame),
29And Ofir (Coast Of Riches or Mark Of Wealth; possibly: ashes, covering bandage), and Havilah (Languishing Village, or Exhausted Revelation; oneself; worship; to tell, to make known; tent, village; means collect or gather; strength; Bringing Forth, Trembling), and Yovav (To Call Shrilly): all these [were] the sons of Yoktan (He Will Be Made Small; insignificant).
30And their dwelling was from Mesha [deliverance] (Retreat; also: to feel, as in touch and recognize), as youi go unto S’far (Counting or Calculating) to the mount in the east.
31These [are] the sons of Shem (name, renown (great reputation; being well-known)), after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
32These [are] the families of the sons of Noach (Rest, Consolation), after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.