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Berĕshith (Genesis) 10

10
1And this is the genealogy of the sons of Noaḥ: Shĕm, Ḥam, and Yapheth. And sons were born to them after the flood.
2The sons of Yapheth: Gomer, and Maḡoḡ, and Maḏai, and Yawan, and Tuḇal, and Mesheḵ, and Tiras.
3And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Toḡarmah.
4And the sons of Yawan: Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Doḏanim.
5From these the coastland peoples of the nations were separated into their lands, everyone according to his language, according to their clans, into their nations.
6And the sons of Ḥam: Kush, and Mitsrayim, and Put, and Kena‛an.
7And the sons of Kush: Seḇa, and Ḥawilah, and Saḇtah, and Ra‛mah, and Saḇteḵa. And the sons of Ra‛mah: Sheḇa and Deḏan.
8And Kush brought forth Nimroḏ, he began to be a mighty one on the earth.
9He was a mighty hunter before יהוה, therefore it is said, “Like Nimroḏ the mighty hunter before יהוה.”
10And the beginning of his reign was Baḇel, and Ereḵ, and Akkaḏ, and Kalnĕh, in the land of Shin‛ar.
11From that land he went to Ashshur and built Ninewĕh, and Reḥoḇoth Ir, and Kelaḥ,
12and Resen between Ninewĕh and Kelaḥ, the great city.
13And Mitsrayim brought forth Luḏim, and Anamim, and Lehaḇim, and Naphtuḥim,
14and Pathrusim, and Kasluḥim, from whom came the Philistines and Kaphtorim.
15And Kena‛an brought forth Tsiḏon his first-born, and Ḥĕth,
16and the Yeḇusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,
17and the Ḥiwwite, and the Arqite, and the Sinite,
18and the Arwaḏite, and the Tsemarite, and the Ḥamathite. And afterward the clans of the Kena‛anites were spread abroad.
19And the border of the Kena‛anites was from Tsiḏon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Azzah, as you go toward Seḏom, and Amorah, and Aḏmah, and Tseḇoyim, as far as Lasha.
20These were the sons of Ḥam, according to their clans, according to their languages, in their lands, in their nations.
21And also to Shĕm, the father of all the children of Ěḇer, the brother of Yapheth the elder, children were born.
22The sons of Shĕm: Ěylam, and Asshur, and Arpaḵshaḏ, and Luḏ, and Aram.
23And the sons of Aram: Uts, and Ḥul, and Gether, and Mash.
24And Arpaḵshaḏ brought forth Shelaḥ, and Shelaḥ brought forth Ěḇer.
25And to Ěḇer were born two sons, the name of one was Peleḡ, for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Yoqtan.
26And Yoqtan brought forth Almoḏaḏ, and Sheleph, and Ḥatsarmaweth, and Yeraḥ,
27and Haḏoram, and Uzal, and Diqlah,
28and Oḇal, and Aḇima’ĕl, and Sheḇa,
29and Ophir, and Ḥawilah, and Yoḇaḇ. All these were sons of Yoqtan.
30And their dwelling place was from Mĕysha as you go toward Sephar, a mountain of the east.
31These were the sons of Shĕm, according to their clans, according to their languages, in their lands, according to their nations.
32These were the clans of the sons of Noaḥ, according to their generations, in their nations. And from these the nations were divided on the earth after the flood.
10
Nations Grow and Spread
1This is the family history of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah. After the flood these three men had sons.
Japheth’s Sons
2The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim. 5Those who lived in the lands around the Mediterranean Sea came from these sons of Japheth. All the families grew and became different nations, each nation with its own land and its own language.
Ham’s Sons
6The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
7The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
The sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush also had a descendant named Nimrod, who became a very powerful man on earth. 9He was a great hunter before the Lord, which is why people say someone is “like Nimrod, a great hunter before the Lord.” 10At first Nimrod’s kingdom covered Babylon, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh in the land of Babylonia. 11From there he went to Assyria, where he built the cities of Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, and Calah. 12He also built Resen, the great city between Nineveh and Calah.
13Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the people of Crete. (The Philistines came from the Casluhites.)
15Canaan was the father of Sidon, his first son, and of Heth. 16He was also the father of the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites. The families of the Canaanites scattered. 19Their land reached from Sidon to Gerar as far as Gaza, and then to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.
20All these people were the sons of Ham, and all these families had their own languages, their own lands, and their own nations.
Shem’s Sons
21Shem, Japheth’s older brother, also had sons. One of his descendants was the father of all the sons of Eber.
22The sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23The sons of Aram were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech.
24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, who was the father of Eber. 25Eber was the father of two sons—one named Peleg, because the earth was divided during his life, and the other was named Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these people were the sons of Joktan. 30They lived in the area between Mesha and Sephar in the hill country in the East.
31These are the people from the family of Shem, arranged by families, languages, countries, and nations.
32This is the list of the families from the sons of Noah, arranged according to their nations. From these families came all the nations who spread across the earth after the flood.