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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Old Age and Descendants
1Now Abraham took another wife—her name was Keturah.
2She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.
3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were Asshurim, Letushim and Leummim.
4Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All of these were Keturah’s sons.
5Now Abraham gave everything that he had to Isaac,
6but to the sons of Abraham’s concubines, Abraham had given gifts and sent them away from his son Isaac while he was still living, eastward to the land of the east.
7Now these are the days of the years of Abraham’s life that he lived: 175 years.
8So Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, old and satisfied. Then he was gathered to his peoples.
9Then Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite, next to Mamre,
10the field that Abraham bought from the sons of Heth. There Abraham is buried along with Sarah his wife.
11After Abraham’s death, God blessed Isaac his son, and Isaac lived near Beer-lahai-roi.
12Now these are the genealogies of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar, Sarah’s Egyptian slave-girl, bore to Abraham.
13These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names according to their descendants: Ishmael’s firstborn, Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
14Mishma, Dumah, Massa,
15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedem.
16These are Ishmael’s sons and these are their names, by their unwalled and walled settlements, twelve princes according to their clans.
17These are the years of Ishmael’s life: 137 years. He breathed his last, died and was gathered to his peoples.
18Then they dwelled from Havilah to Shur, which is east of Egypt as you go toward Assyria. Over against all his brothers he fell.
Esau and Jacob
19Now these are the genealogies of Isaac, Abraham’s son. Abraham fathered Isaac.
20Isaac was 40 years old when he took for himself Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, to be his wife.
21Isaac prayed to Adonai on behalf of his wife because she was barren. Adonai answered his plea and his wife Rebekah became pregnant.
22But the children struggled with one another inside her, and she said, “If it’s like this, why is this happening to me?” So she went to inquire of Adonai.
23Adonai said to her: “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from your body will be separated. One people will be stronger than the other people, but the older will serve the younger.”
24When her time came to give birth, indeed there were twins in her womb.
25Now the first came out reddish, all of him was like a fur coat, and they named him Esau.
26Afterward his brother came out with his hand holding onto Esau’s heel—so he was named Jacob. Isaac was 60 years old when he fathered them.
27When the boys grew up, Esau became a man knowledgeable in hunting, an outdoorsman, while Jacob was a mild man, remaining in tents.
28Now Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for wild game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.
29Now Jacob cooked a stew. When Esau came in from the field, he was exhausted,
30so Esau said to Jacob, “Please feed me some of this really red stuff, because I’m exhausted”—that is why he is called Edom.
31So Jacob said, “Sell your birthright to me today.”
32Esau said, “Look, I’m about to die. Of whatever use is this to me—a birthright?”
33Jacob said, “Make a pledge to me now.” So he made a pledge to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob.
34Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew, and he ate and drank, then got up and left. So Esau despised his birthright.
25
Abraham’s Death
1Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah. 2She gave birth to Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah. 5Now Abraham gave #As the legal firstborn, Isaac was entitled to at least a double share of his father’s estate.everything that he had to Isaac; 6but to the sons of his #See note 22:24.concubines [Hagar and Keturah], Abraham gave gifts while he was still living and he sent them to the east country, away from Isaac his son [of promise].
7The days of Abraham’s life were a hundred and seventy-five years. 8Then Abraham breathed his last and he died at a good old age, an old man who was satisfied [with life]; and he #This expression is a reference to the Old Testament belief in a life after death and to the expectation of a reunion with loved ones.was gathered to his people [who had preceded him in death]. 9So his sons #Isaac was seventy-five and Ishmael nearly ninety years of age when their father died. Jacob and Esau were fifteen, and may have been present.Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is east of Mamre, 10the field which Abraham purchased from the sons of Heth; there Abraham was buried with Sarah his wife. 11Now after the death of Abraham, God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac lived at Beer-lahai-roi.
Descendants of Ishmael
12Now #Lit these are the generations of.these are the records of the descendants of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s maid, bore to Abraham; 13and these are the names of the [twelve] sons of Ishmael, named in the order of their births: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael, and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their settlements, and by their encampments (sheepfolds); twelve princes (sheiks) according to their tribes. 17Ishmael lived a hundred and thirty-seven years; then he breathed his last and died, and #See note v 8.was gathered to his people [who had preceded him in death]. 18Ishmael’s sons (descendants) settled from Havilah to Shur which is #Lit before.east of Egypt as one goes toward Assyria; he #Lit fell over against his brothers.settled #Or in defiance.opposite (east) of all his relatives.
Isaac’s Sons
19Now these are the records of the descendants of Isaac, Abraham’s son: Abraham was the father of Isaac. 20Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean (Syrian) of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean. 21Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife, because she was unable to conceive children; and the Lord granted his prayer and Rebekah his wife conceived [twins]. 22But the children struggled together within her [kicking and shoving one another]; and she said, “If it is so [that the Lord has heard our prayer], why then am I this way?” So she went to inquire of the Lord [praying for an answer]. 23The Lord said to her,
“[The founders of] two nations are in your womb;
And the separation of two nations has begun in your body;
The one people shall be stronger than the other;
And the older shall serve the younger.”
24When her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25The first came out reddish all over like a hairy garment; and they named him Esau (hairy). 26Afterward his brother came out, and his hand grasped Esau’s heel, so he was named Jacob (#Another meaning may be protect, i.e. may God protect.one who grabs by the heel, supplanter). Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth to them.
27When the boys grew up, Esau was an able and skilled hunter, a man of the outdoors, but Jacob was a quiet and peaceful man, living in tents. 28Now Isaac loved [and favored] Esau, because #Lit game was in his mouth.he enjoyed eating his game, but Rebekah loved [and favored] Jacob. 29Jacob had cooked [reddish-brown lentil] stew [one day], when Esau came from the field and was famished; 30and Esau said to Jacob, “Please, let me have a quick swallow of that red stuff there, because I am exhausted and famished.” For that reason Esau was [also] called Edom (Red). 31Jacob answered, “First sell me your #In later times, this was the right of the firstborn to take over as head of the family and to receive a double share of the inheritance (cf Deut 21:17). The rewards given to Jacob appear to have been even greater (Gen 27:37). Furthermore, in Jewish tradition it was reported that before the tabernacle was set up, sacrifices were offered by the firstborn of a family.birthright (the rights of a firstborn).” 32Esau said, “Look, I am about to die [if I do not eat soon]; so of what use is this birthright to me?” 33Jacob said, “Swear [an oath] to me today [that you are selling it to me for this food]”; so he swore [an oath] to him, and sold him his birthright. 34Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew; and he ate and drank, and got up and went on his way. In this way Esau scorned his birthright.