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Genesis 10

10
The Descendants of Noah
1After the flood Shem, Ham, and Japheth had many descendants.
The Descendants of Japheth
2-5Japheth's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. They were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
Gomer was the ancestor of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
Javan was the ancestor of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim,#10.2-5 Dodanim: Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts and one ancient translation have “Rodanim.” who settled along the coast.
The Descendants of Ham
6-20Ham's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. They were Ethiopia,#10.6-20 Ethiopia: See the note at 2.13. Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
Cush#10.6-20 Cush: See the note at 2.13. was the ancestor of Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
Raamah was the ancestor of Sheba and Dedan.
Cush was also the ancestor of Nimrod, a mighty warrior whose strength came from the Lord. This is why people say: “You hunt like Nimrod with the strength of the Lord!” Nimrod first ruled in Babylon, Erech, and Accad, all of#10.6-20 and Accad, all of: Or “Accad, and Calneh.” which were in Babylonia.#10.6-20 Babylonia: The Hebrew text has “Shinar,” another name for Babylonia. From there Nimrod went to Assyria and built the great city of Nineveh. He also built Rehoboth-Ir and Calah, as well as Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah.
Egypt was the ancestor of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines.#10.6-20 Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines: Hebrew “Caphtorim, and Casluhim, the ancestor of the Philistines.” The Philistines were from Caphtor (see Jeremiah 47.4; Amos 9.7), better known as Crete.
Canaan's sons were Sidon and Heth. Canaan was also the ancestor of the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the Canaanites spread from the territory of Sidon and settled as far away as Gaza in the direction of Gerar. They also went as far as Lasha in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim.
The Descendants of Shem
21-31Shem's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. He was the older brother of Japheth and the ancestor of the tribes of Eber.
Shem was the ancestor of Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
Aram was the ancestor of Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
Arpachshad was the father of Shelah and the grandfather of Eber, whose first son was named Peleg,#10.21-31 Peleg: In Hebrew “Peleg” means “divided.” because it was during his time that tribes divided up the earth. Eber's second son was Joktan.
Joktan was the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. Their land reached from Mesha in the direction of Sephar, the hill country in the east.
32This completes the list of Noah's descendants. After the flood their descendants became nations and spread all over the world.
10
1And these are the genealogical records of Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Sons were born to them after the flood.
2Japheth’s sons were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.
3Gomer’s sons were Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
4Javan’s sons were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittites and Dodanites.
5From these the coastlands of the nations spread out in their lands, each one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.
6Ham’s sons were Cush, Mizraim, Put and Canaan.
7Cush’s sons were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. And Raamah’s sons were Sheba, and Dedan.
8Now Cush fathered Nimrod. He started to become mighty in the land.
9He was a mighty hunter before Adonai. This is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before Adonai.”
10The beginning of his kingdom included Babel, Erech, Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11From that land he went out to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rechovot-ir, Calah
12and Resen, between Nineveh and Calah—it is the great city.
13Mizraim fathered the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites,
14the Pathrusites, the Casluhites—from whom came the Philistines—and the Caphtorites.
15Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn, Heth,
16the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite,
17the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite,
18the Arvadite, the Zemarite and the Hamathite—and afterwards, the Canaanite families were scattered.
19Now the Canaanite border was from Zidon, as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; as you go toward Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.
20These are Ham’s sons according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands, in their nations.
21Sons were also born to Shem, who was Japheth’s older brother and the father of all the sons of Eber.
22Shem’s sons were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram.
23Aram’s sons were Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash.
24Arpachshad fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber.
25Two sons were born to Eber. The name of the first was Peleg—because in his days the land was divided—and his brother’s name was Joktan.
26Joktan fathered Elmodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
28Obal, Abimael, Sheba,
29Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All of these are Joktan’s sons.
30Their dwelling place was from Mesha till you come toward Sephar, the eastern hill country.
31These are Shem’s sons, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands, according to their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah according to their genealogies in their nations, and from these the nations were dispersed on the earth after the flood.