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Genesis 10

10
The descendants of Noah and the tower of Babel
The descendants of Noah
1After the flood Shem, Ham, and Japheth had many descendants.
The descendants of Japheth
2-5Japheth's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. They were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
Gomer was the ancestor of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
Javan was the ancestor of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim,#10.2-5 Dodanim: Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts and one ancient translation have “Rodanim”. who settled along the coast.
The descendants of Ham
6-20Ham's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. They were Ethiopia,#10.6-20 Ethiopia: See the note at 2.13. Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
Cush#10.6-20 Cush: See the note at 2.13. was the ancestor of Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
Raamah was the ancestor of Sheba and Dedan.
Cush was also the ancestor of Nimrod, a mighty warrior whose strength came from the LORD. Nimrod is the reason for the saying, “You hunt like Nimrod with the strength of the LORD!” Nimrod first ruled in Babylon, Erech, and Accad, all of#10.6-20 and Accad, all of: Or “Accad, and Calneh”. which were in Babylonia.#10.6-20 Babylonia: The Hebrew text has “Shinar”, another name for Babylonia. From there Nimrod went to Assyria and built the great city of Nineveh. He also built Rehoboth-Ir and Calah, as well as Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah.
Egypt was the ancestor of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines.#10.6-20 Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines: Hebrew “Caphtorim, and Casluhim, the ancestor of the Philistines”. The Philistines were from Caphtor (see Jeremiah 47.4; Amos 9.7), better known as Crete.
Canaan's sons were Sidon and Heth. He was also the ancestor of the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the Canaanites spread from the territory of Sidon and went as far as Gaza in the direction of Gerar. They also went as far as Lasha in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim.
The descendants of Shem
21-31Shem's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. He was the elder brother of Japheth and the ancestor of the tribes of Eber.
Shem was the ancestor of Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
Aram was the ancestor of Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
Arpachshad was the father of Shelah and the grandfather of Eber, whose first son was named Peleg,#10.21-31 Peleg: In Hebrew “Peleg” means “divided”. because it was during his time that tribes divided up the earth. Eber's second son was Joktan.
Joktan was the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. Their land reached from Mesha in the direction of Sephar, the hill country in the east.
32This completes the list of Noah's descendants. After the flood their descendants became nations and spread all over the world.
10
CHAPTER 10
1These be the generations of the sons of Noah; Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And sons were born to them after the great flood.
2The sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
3Forsooth the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
4Forsooth the sons of Javan were Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim;
5of these sons the isles of the heathen men were parted in their countries, each by his language, and meines, in his nations.
6Soothly the sons of Ham were Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
7Forsooth the sons of Cush were Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah. The sons of Raamah were Sheba, and Dedan.
8Forsooth Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be mighty in [the] earth,
9and he was a strong hunter, or oppressor, of men before the Lord; of him a proverb went out, As Nimrod, a strong hunter before the Lord.
10Soothly the beginning of his realm was Babylon, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11Asshur went out of that land, and builded Nineveh, and [the] streets of the city, and Calah,
12and Resen betwixt Nineveh and Calah; this is a great city.
13And soothly Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
14and Pathrusim, and Casluhim; of which the Philistines and Caphtorim came forth.
15Forsooth Canaan engendered Sidon, his first engendered son, Heth,
16and Jebusites, and Amorites, Girgashites,
17Hivites, and Arkites, Sinites,
18and Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites; and [the] peoples of Canaanites were sown abroad by these men.
19And the terms of Canaan were made to men coming from Sidon to Gerar, till to Gaza, till thou enter into Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboiim, till to Lasha.
20These were the sons of Ham, in their kindreds, and languages, and generations, and lands, and folks.
21Also of Shem were born the fathers of all the sons of Eber, and Japheth was the more, or elder, brother of Shem [or Shem was the more or elder brother of Japheth].
22The sons of Shem were Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
23The sons of Aram were Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
24And soothly Arphaxad begat Salah, of whom Eber was born.
25And two sons were born to Eber, the name to the one son was Peleg, for the land was parted in his days; and the name of his brother was Joktan.
26And that Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,
28and Obal, and Abimael, Sheba,
29and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.
30And the habitation of them was made from Mesha, as men goeth till to Sephar, an hill of the east.
31These be the sons of Shem, by kindreds, and languages, and countries, in their folks.
32These be the meines of Noah, by their peoples, and nations; [the] folks [or Gentiles] in [the] earth were parted of these after the great flood.