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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Death
1Now Abraham took another wife, #Lit and her namewhose name was Keturah. 2She bore to him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All of these were the sons of Keturah. 5Now Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac; 6but to the sons of #Lit concubines which belonged to Abrahamhis concubines, Abraham gave gifts while he was still living, and sent them away from his son Isaac eastward, to the land of the east.
7These are #Lit the days ofall the years of Abraham’s life that he lived, 175 years. 8Abraham breathed his last and died at a good old age, an old man and satisfied with life; and he was gathered to his people. 9Then his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, facing Mamre, 10the field which Abraham purchased from the sons of Heth; there Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah. 11It came about after the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac #Lit dweltlived by Beer-lahai-roi.
Descendants of Ishmael
12Now these are the records of the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave woman, bore to Abraham; 13and these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, #Lit in regard to their generationsin the order of their birth: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages, and by their camps; twelve princes according to their #Or peoplestribes. 17These are the years of the life of Ishmael, 137 years; and he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people. 18They #Lit dweltsettled from Havilah to Shur which is #Lit beforeeast of Egypt #Lit as you gogoing toward Assyria; he #Lit fell over againstsettled in defiance of all his relatives.
Isaac’s Sons
19Now these are the records of the generations of Isaac, Abraham’s son: Abraham fathered Isaac; 20and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the #I.e., SyrianAramean of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the #I.e., SyrianAramean, to be his wife. 21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife, because she was unable to have children; and the Lord #Lit was entreated of himanswered him, and his wife Rebekah conceived. 22But the children struggled together within her; and she said, “If it is so, why am I in this condition?” So she went to inquire of the Lord. 23And the Lord said to her,
“Two nations are in your womb;
And two peoples will be separated from your body;
And one people will be stronger than the other;
And the older will serve the younger.”
24When her days leading to the delivery were at an end, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25Now the first came out red, all over like a hairy garment; and they named him Esau. 26Afterward his brother came out with his hand holding on to Esau’s heel, so he was named #I.e., one who takes by the heel or supplantsJacob; and Isaac was sixty years old when she gave birth to them.
27When the boys grew up, Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the field; but Jacob was a #Lit completecivilized man, living in tents. 28Now Isaac loved Esau because #Lit game was in his mouthhe had a taste for game; but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29When Jacob had cooked a stew one day, Esau came in from the field and he was exhausted; 30and Esau said to Jacob, “Please let me have a mouthful of #Lit the red, this redthat red stuff there, for I am exhausted.” Therefore he was called #I.e., redEdom by name. 31But Jacob said, “#Lit TodayFirst sell me your birthright.” 32Esau said, “Look, I am about to die; so of what use then is the birthright to me?” 33And Jacob said, “#Lit TodayFirst swear to me”; so he swore an oath to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. 34Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew; and he ate and drank, and got up and went on his way. So Esau despised his birthright.
25
The Death and Descendants of Abraham
1Now Abraham again took a wife, and her name was Keturah. 2And she bore to him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3And Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim and Letushim and Leummim. 4And the sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abidah, and Eldaah. All of these were the children of Keturah. 5And Abraham gave all he had to Isaac. 6But to the sons of Abraham’s concubines Abraham gave gifts. And while he was still living he sent them away eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the east. 7Now these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham:#Literally “the years of the life of Abraham which he lived” one hundred and seventy-five years. 8And Abraham passed away and died in a good old age, old and full of years. And he was gathered to his people. 9And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite, that was east of Mamre, 10the field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites.#Or “sons of Heth” There Abraham was buried and Sarah his wife. 11And it happened that after the death of Abraham God blessed Isaac his son, and Isaac settled at Beer-Lahai-Roi.
12Now these are the generations#Or “family records” of Ishmael, the son of Abraham, that Hagar the Egyptian, the maidservant of Sarah, bore to Abraham. 13And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names according to their family records. The firstborn of Ishmael was Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.16These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names by their villages and by their encampments—12 leaders according to their tribes. 17Now these are the years of the life of Ishmael: 137 years. And he passed away and died, and was gathered to his people.18They settled from Havilah to Shur, which was opposite#Or “upon the face of” Egypt, going toward Asshur, opposite;#Or “upon the face of” he settled#Literally “fell” opposite#Or “upon the face of” all his brothers.
Jacob and Esau
19Now these are the generations#Or “family records” of Isaac, the son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac, 20And Isaac was forty years old#Literally “a son of forty years” when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-Aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean, as his wife. 21And Isaac prayed to Yahweh on behalf of his wife, for she was barren. And Yahweh responded to his prayer, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22And the children in her womb jostled each other, and she said, “If it is going to be like this, why be pregnant?”#Literally “if so, why this I?” And she went to inquire of Yahweh. 23And Yahweh said to her, “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from birth#Literally “from your bowels” shall be divided. And one people shall be stronger than the other.#Literally “people than people shall be stronger” And the elder shall serve the younger.” 24And when her days to give birth were completed,#Or “full” then—behold—twins were in her womb. 25And the first came out red, all his body#Literally “of him” was like a hairy coat, so they called his name Esau. 26And afterward his brother came out, and his hand grasped the heel of Esau, so his name was called Jacob. And Isaac was sixty years old#Literally “a son of sixty years” at their birth. 27And the boys grew up. And Esau was a skilled#Or “knowing” (knowledgeable) hunter, a man of the field, but Jacob was a peaceful man, living in tents. 28And Isaac loved Esau because he could eat of his game,#Literally “game in his mouth” but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29Once#Or “and” Jacob cooked a thick stew, and Esau came in from the field, and he was exhausted. 30And Esau said to Jacob, “Give me some of that red stuff#Literally “some of the red, this red” to gulp down, for I am exhausted!” (Therefore his name was called Edom). 31Then Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright first.”#Literally “as the day” 32And Esau said, “Look, I am going to die; now what is this birthright to me?” 33Then Jacob said, “Swear to me first.”#Literally “as the day” And he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Jacob. 34Then Jacob gave Esau bread, and thick lentil stew, and he ate and drank. Then he got up and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.