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Genesis 14

14
War of the Kings
1And it came about in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of #Or nationsGoiim, 2that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 3All these kings #Lit joined togethercame as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 4For twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5And in the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and #Lit struckdefeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in #Or the plain of KiriathaimShaveh-kiriathaim, 6and the Horites on their Mount Seir, as far as El-paran, which is by the wilderness. 7Then they turned back and came to En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh), and #Lit struckconquered all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, who lived in Hazazon-tamar. 8And the king of Sodom and the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) came out; and they lined up for battle against them in the Valley of Siddim, 9against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of #Or nationsGoiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five. 10Now the Valley of Siddim was full of tar pits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and they fell #Lit thereinto them. But those who survived fled to the hill country. 11Then they took all the possessions of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food supply, and departed. 12They also took Lot, Abram’s nephew, and his possessions and departed, for he was living in Sodom.
13Then #Lit thea survivor came and told Abram the Hebrew. Now he was residing by the #Or terebinthsoaks of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner, and they were #Lit possessors of the covenantallies with Abram. 14When Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he #Or musteredled out his trained men, born in his house, numbering 318, and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15Then he divided #Lit himselfhis forces against them by night, he and his servants, and #Lit struckdefeated them, and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is #Lit on the leftnorth of Damascus. 16He brought back all the possessions, and also brought back his relative Lot with his possessions, and also the women, and the other people.
God’s Promise to Abram
17Then after his return from the #Lit strikingdefeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley). 18And Melchizedek the king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of #Heb El ElyonGod Most High. 19And he blessed him and said,
“Blessed be Abram of #Heb El ElyonGod Most High,
# Or Creator Possessor of heaven and earth;
20And blessed be #Heb El ElyonGod Most High,
Who has handed over your enemies to you.”
And he gave him a tenth of everything. 21Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give the #Lit soulpeople to me and take the possessions for yourself.” 22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have #Lit lifted up my handsworn to the Lord #Heb El ElyonGod Most High, #Or CreatorPossessor of heaven and earth, 23that I will not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, so that you do not say, ‘I have made Abram rich.’ 24#Lit Not to me exceptI will take nothing except what the young men have eaten, and the share of the men who went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their share.”

Genesis 14

14
Abram Rescues Lot
1In those days Amraphel king of Shinar, # Gn 10:10; 11:2 Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, # A region in southwest Iran # Gn 10:22; Is 11:11; Dn 8:2 and Tidal # The name Tidal may be related to the Hittite royal name Tudhaliya. king of Goiim # Or nations 2waged war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, # Hs 11:8 as well as the king of Bela (that is, Zoar # Gn 19:22-23). 3All of these came as allies to the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Dead Sea # Nm 34:12; Dt 3:17; Jos 3:16). 4They were subject to Chedorlaomer for 12 years, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim # Gn 15:20; Dt 2:11,20-21; 3:11,13; Jos 12:4 in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, # Dt 1:4; Jos 9:10 the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, 6and the Horites # Gn 36:20; Dt 2:12,22 in the mountains of Seir, as far as El-paran # Gn 21:21; Nm 10:12 by the wilderness. 7Then they came back to invade En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh # Nm 13:26), and they defeated all the territory of the Amalekites, as well as the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar. # 2Ch 20:2
8Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out and lined up for battle in the Valley of Siddim 9against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar — four kings against five. 10Now the Valley of Siddim contained many asphalt pits, and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into them, # Sam, LXX; MT reads fell there but the rest fled to the mountains. # Gn 19:17 11The four kings took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their food and went on. 12They also took Abram’s nephew Lot and his possessions, for he was living in Sodom, # Gn 13:12 and they went on.
13One of the survivors came and told Abram the Hebrew, # Gn 39:14; 40:15 who lived near the oaks belonging to Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol and the brother of Aner. They were bound by a treaty with # Lit were possessors of a covenant of Abram. 14When Abram heard that his relative had been taken prisoner, he assembled # Sam; MT reads poured out his 318 trained men, born in his household, # Gn 12:5; 15:3; 17:27; Ec 2:7 and they went in pursuit as far as Dan. # Dt 34:1; Jdg 18:29; 1Kg 15:20 15And he and his servants deployed against them by night, attacked them, and pursued them as far as Hobah to the north of Damascus. 16He brought back all the goods and also his relative Lot and his goods, as well as the women and the other people.
Melchizedek’s Blessing
17After Abram returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley # 2Sm 18:18). 18Then Melchizedek, king of Salem, # = Jerusalem # Ps 110:4; Heb 5:6; 7:1 brought out bread and wine; he was a priest to God Most High. # Ps 57:2 19He blessed him and said:
Abram is blessed by God Most High,
Creator # Or Possessor of heaven and earth,
20and I give praise to # Or and blessed be God Most High
who has handed over your enemies to you.
And Abram gave him a tenth of everything. # Heb 7:4
21Then the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the people, but take the possessions for yourself.”
22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have raised my hand in an oath to Yahweh, God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth, 23that I will not take a thread or sandal strap or anything that belongs to you, so you can never say, ‘I made Abram rich.’ 24I will take nothing # Lit Nothing to me except what the servants have eaten. But as for the share of the men who came with me — Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre — they can take their share.”