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Genesis 10

10
CHAPTER 10
1These be the generations of the sons of Noah; Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And sons were born to them after the great flood.
2The sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
3Forsooth the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
4Forsooth the sons of Javan were Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim;
5of these sons the isles of the heathen men were parted in their countries, each by his language, and meines, in his nations.
6Soothly the sons of Ham were Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
7Forsooth the sons of Cush were Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah. The sons of Raamah were Sheba, and Dedan.
8Forsooth Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be mighty in [the] earth,
9and he was a strong hunter, or oppressor, of men before the Lord; of him a proverb went out, As Nimrod, a strong hunter before the Lord.
10Soothly the beginning of his realm was Babylon, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11Asshur went out of that land, and builded Nineveh, and [the] streets of the city, and Calah,
12and Resen betwixt Nineveh and Calah; this is a great city.
13And soothly Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
14and Pathrusim, and Casluhim; of which the Philistines and Caphtorim came forth.
15Forsooth Canaan engendered Sidon, his first engendered son, Heth,
16and Jebusites, and Amorites, Girgashites,
17Hivites, and Arkites, Sinites,
18and Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites; and [the] peoples of Canaanites were sown abroad by these men.
19And the terms of Canaan were made to men coming from Sidon to Gerar, till to Gaza, till thou enter into Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboiim, till to Lasha.
20These were the sons of Ham, in their kindreds, and languages, and generations, and lands, and folks.
21Also of Shem were born the fathers of all the sons of Eber, and Japheth was the more, or elder, brother of Shem [or Shem was the more or elder brother of Japheth].
22The sons of Shem were Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
23The sons of Aram were Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
24And soothly Arphaxad begat Salah, of whom Eber was born.
25And two sons were born to Eber, the name to the one son was Peleg, for the land was parted in his days; and the name of his brother was Joktan.
26And that Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,
28and Obal, and Abimael, Sheba,
29and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.
30And the habitation of them was made from Mesha, as men goeth till to Sephar, an hill of the east.
31These be the sons of Shem, by kindreds, and languages, and countries, in their folks.
32These be the meines of Noah, by their peoples, and nations; [the] folks [or Gentiles] in [the] earth were parted of these after the great flood.
10
Nations Grow and Spread
1This is the history of the families of Shem, Ham, and Japheth. They are Noah’s sons. These men had children after the flood.
Japheth’s Descendants
2Japheth’s sons were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3Gomer’s sons were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4Javan’s sons were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.#10:4 Dodanim Or “Rodanim, the people of Rhodes.”
5All the people who lived in the area around the Mediterranean Sea came from these sons of Japheth. The people separated and went to different countries according to languages, families, and nations.
Ham’s Descendants
6Ham’s sons were Cush,#10:6 Cush Another name for Ethiopia. Mizraim,#10:6 Mizraim Another name for Egypt. Also in verse 13. Put, and Canaan.
7Cush’s sons were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
Raamah’s sons were Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush also had a son named Nimrod who became a very powerful man on earth. 9He was a great hunter before the Lord. That is why people compare other men to him and say, “That man is like Nimrod, a great hunter before the Lord.”
10Nimrod’s kingdom spread from Babylon to Erech, to Akkad, and then to Calneh in the land of Babylonia.#10:10 Babylonia Literally, “Shinar,” which may be a form of the name Sumer. Also in 11:2; 14:1. 11Nimrod also went into Assyria. In Assyria, Nimrod built the cities of Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, and 12Resen. (Resen is the city between Nineveh and Calah, the big city.)
13Mizraim was the father of the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh, 14Pathrus, Casluh, and Caphtor. (The Philistine people came from Casluh.)
15Canaan was the father of Sidon. Sidon was Canaan’s first son. Canaan was also the father of the Hittites, 16Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, the Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.
The families of Canaan spread to different parts of the world. 19The land where the Canaanites lived went from Sidon down along the coast to Gerar and from Gaza as far east as Sodom and Gomorrah and from Admah and Zeboiim as far north as Laish.
20All these people were descendants of Ham. They are arranged by families, languages, countries, and nations.
Shem’s Descendants
21Shem was Japheth’s older brother. One of Shem’s descendants was Eber, the father of all the Hebrew people.#10:21 One … Hebrew people Literally, “To Shem was born the father of Eber’s sons.”
22Shem’s sons were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23Aram’s sons were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah.
Shelah was the father of Eber.
25Eber was the father of two sons. One son was named Peleg.#10:25 Peleg This name means “division.” He was given this name because the earth was divided during his life. The other son was named Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these people were Joktan’s sons. 30They lived in the area between Mesha and the hill country in the East.#10:30 East This usually means the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers as far east as the Persian Gulf. Also in 11:2. Mesha was toward the country of Sephar.
31These are the people from the family of Shem. They are arranged by families, languages, countries, and nations.
32This is the list of the families from Noah’s sons. They are arranged according to their nations. From these families came all the people who spread across the earth after the flood.