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Genesis 10

10
CHAPTER 10
1These be the generations of the sons of Noah; Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And sons were born to them after the great flood.
2The sons of Japheth were Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
3Forsooth the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
4Forsooth the sons of Javan were Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim;
5of these sons the isles of the heathen men were parted in their countries, each by his language, and meines, in his nations.
6Soothly the sons of Ham were Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
7Forsooth the sons of Cush were Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah. The sons of Raamah were Sheba, and Dedan.
8Forsooth Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be mighty in [the] earth,
9and he was a strong hunter, or oppressor, of men before the Lord; of him a proverb went out, As Nimrod, a strong hunter before the Lord.
10Soothly the beginning of his realm was Babylon, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11Asshur went out of that land, and builded Nineveh, and [the] streets of the city, and Calah,
12and Resen betwixt Nineveh and Calah; this is a great city.
13And soothly Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
14and Pathrusim, and Casluhim; of which the Philistines and Caphtorim came forth.
15Forsooth Canaan engendered Sidon, his first engendered son, Heth,
16and Jebusites, and Amorites, Girgashites,
17Hivites, and Arkites, Sinites,
18and Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites; and [the] peoples of Canaanites were sown abroad by these men.
19And the terms of Canaan were made to men coming from Sidon to Gerar, till to Gaza, till thou enter into Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboiim, till to Lasha.
20These were the sons of Ham, in their kindreds, and languages, and generations, and lands, and folks.
21Also of Shem were born the fathers of all the sons of Eber, and Japheth was the more, or elder, brother of Shem [or Shem was the more or elder brother of Japheth].
22The sons of Shem were Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
23The sons of Aram were Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
24And soothly Arphaxad begat Salah, of whom Eber was born.
25And two sons were born to Eber, the name to the one son was Peleg, for the land was parted in his days; and the name of his brother was Joktan.
26And that Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,
28and Obal, and Abimael, Sheba,
29and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.
30And the habitation of them was made from Mesha, as men goeth till to Sephar, an hill of the east.
31These be the sons of Shem, by kindreds, and languages, and countries, in their folks.
32These be the meines of Noah, by their peoples, and nations; [the] folks [or Gentiles] in [the] earth were parted of these after the great flood.
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1The following are the genealogies#10:1. These genealogies are repeated in 1 Chronicles 1:5-27. of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. They had sons born to them after the flood.
2The sons#10:2. Note that “sons” throughout this chapter can also mean “descendants.” of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.#10:4. “Dodanim”: the Septuagint takes the spelling to be Rodanim, as does the parallel passage in 1 Chronicles 1:7. Note that the last two names at least are probably those of a group of people rather than a personal name. 5The descendants of these ancestors spread throughout the coastal areas, each group having their own language, with their families developing into different nations.
6The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was also the father of Nimrod, who set himself up as the first tyrant on earth. 9He was a powerful fighter who defied#10:9. “Defied”: The Septuagint reads “against” or “versus.” the Lord; which is why there's the expression, “Like Nimrod, a powerful fighter who defied the Lord.” 10His kingdom began in the cities of Babel,#10:10. “Babel” or “Babylon.” Nimrod is the first person in Scripture described as having a kingdom, normally associated with an imposed rule using force. Erech, Akkad, and Calneh, all located in the land of Shinar.#10:10. “Shinar”: or “Babylonia.” 11From there he moved into Assyria#10:11. “Assyria”: in Micah 5:6 Assyria is called “the land of Nimrod.” and built the cities of Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 12and Resen, which lies between Nineveh and the great city of Calah.
13Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites, 14the Pathrusites, the Casluhites, and the Caphtorites (ancestors of the Philistines).#10:14. See Jeremiah 47:4 and Amos 9:7.
15Canaan was the father of Sidon, his firstborn, and of the Hittites,#10:15. “The Hittites”: literally “Heth.” 16the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the Canaanite tribes spread out 19and the territory of the Canaanites stretched from Sidon towards Gerar and all the way to Gaza, then towards Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, all the way to Lasha. 20These were the sons of Ham according to their tribes, languages, lands, and nation.
21Shem, whose older brother#10:21. See note on 5:32. was Japheth, also had sons. Shem was the forefather of all the sons of Eber.
22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.#10:23. “Mash”: The Septuagint and 1 Chronicles 1:17 read “Meshech.”
24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah. Shelah was the father of Eber.
25Eber had two sons. One was named Peleg,#10:25. The word means “divided.” because in his time the earth was divided; the name of his brother was Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. These were all sons of Joktan. 30They lived in the land lying between Mesha to Sephar, in the hill country to the east.
31These were the sons of Shem, according to their tribes, languages, lands, and nations.
32These were all the tribes descended from Noah's sons, according to their genealogies and national groups. From these ancestors the different nations of the earth spread around the world after the flood.