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Isaiah 1

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1The vision of Yesha’yahu [Yehovah has saved] the son of Amotz [strong], which he saw concerning Y’hudah [Let Him (God) Be Praised] and Yerushalayim [Foundation of Peace] in the days of ‘Uziyah [my strength is Yehovah], Toram [Yehovah is Perfect], Achaz [he has grasped], [and] Hizkiyahu [Yehovah is my strength], kings of Y’hudah [Let Him (God) Be Praised].
2Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) has spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
3The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master’s crib: [but] Yisra’el [He Holds Onto The Heel Of God] does not know, my people does not consider.
4Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate), they have provoked the Holy One of Yisra’el [He Holds Onto The Heel Of God] unto anger, they are gone away backward.
5Why should you2f be stricken anymore? you2f will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
6From the sole of the foot even unto the head [there is] no soundness in it; [but] wounds, and bruises, and putrefying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified (be softened; appeased) with ointment.
7Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
8And the daughter of Tziyon [parched place] is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
9Except the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) Tz’va’ot [of the Heavenly Armies] had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as S’dom [Burning], [and] we should have been like unto ‘Amora [Submersion].
10Hear the word of the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate), you2f rulers of S’dom [Burning]; give ear unto the Torah of our God-Elōhīm (The Living Word) [The Many Powered], you2f people of ‘Amora [Submersion].
11To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? says the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate): I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.
12When you2f come to appear before me, who has required this at your hand, to trample my courts?
13Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and Shabbat, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; [it is] iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
14Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hates: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear [them].
15And when you2f spread forth your hands, I will hide my eyes from you: yes, when you2f make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.
16Wash you, make yourself clean; put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes; cease to do evil;
17Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, defend the fatherless, plead for the widow.
18Come now, and let us reason together, says the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate): though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
19If you2f be willing and obedient, you2f shall eat the good of the land:
20But if you2f refuse and rebel, you2f shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) has spoken [it].
21How is the faithful city become an prostitute! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers.
22Your1s silver is become scum, youri wine mixed with water:
23Your1s princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: everyone loves gifts, and follows after rewards: they defend not the fatherless, neither does the cause of the widow come unto them.
24Therefore says the Lord-Adon [Lord of the Earth], the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) Tz’va’ot [of the Heavenly Armies], the mighty One of Yisra’el [He Holds Onto The Heel Of God], Ah, I will free myself of my adversaries, and avenge me of my enemies:
25And I will turn my hand upon youi, and purely purge away youri scum, and take away all youri tin:
26And I will restore youri as at the first, and youri counselors as at the beginning: afterward youi shall be called, The city of righteousness, the faithful city.
27Tziyon [parched place] shall be redeemed with judgment, and her repentant [ones] with righteousness.
28And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners [shall be] together, and they that forsake the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) shall be consumed.
29For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which you2f have desired, and you2f shall be confounded for the gardens that you2f have chosen.
30For you2f shall be as an oak whose leaf fades, and as a garden that has no water.
31And the strong shall be as tinder, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench [them].

Isaiah 1

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1The vision#Pr 29:18; Dn 8:1; Ob 1; Nah 1:1; Hab 2:2–3 concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah#Is 2:1; 13:1 son of Amoz saw during the reigns#1:1 ca 792–686 BC of Kings Uzziah,#2Ch 26:3–5 Jotham,#2Kg 15:32–38 Ahaz,#2Kg 16:1–4 and Hezekiah#2Kg 18:1–8 of Judah.#Hs 1:1; Mc 1:1
Judah on Trial
2Listen, heavens, and pay attention, earth,#Dt 4:26; 32:1; Is 30:1; Mc 1:2
for the Lord has spoken:
“I have raised children#1:2 Or sons, also in v. 4 and brought them up,
but they have rebelled against me.#Is 30:1
3The ox knows its owner,
and the donkey its master’s feeding trough,
but Israel does not know;
my people do not understand.”#Jr 8:7
4Oh sinful nation,
people weighed down with iniquity,#Is 13:11
brood of evildoers,#Is 14:20; Mt 3:7
depraved children!
They have abandoned#Dt 4:31 the Lord;
they have despised#Nm 14:11; Dt 31:20; Pr 5:12; Is 5:24 the Holy One of Israel;#Is 5:19,24; 10:20; 12:6; 29:19; 30:11–15
they have turned their backs on him.
5Why do you want more beatings?
Why do you keep on rebelling?
The whole head is hurt,
and the whole heart is sick.
6From the sole of the foot even to the head,#Jb 2:7
no spot is uninjured#Ps 38:3  —
wounds, welts, and festering sores
not cleansed, bandaged,
or soothed with oil.
7Your land is desolate,
your cities burned down;#Lv 26:33; Dt 28:51–52; Is 6:11–12; Jr 44:6
foreigners devour your fields
right in front of you —
a desolation, like a place demolished by foreigners.
8Daughter Zion#Is 10:32; 37:22; Zch 2:10; 9:9 is abandoned
like a shelter in a vineyard,
like a shack in a cucumber field,
like a besieged city.
9If the Lord of Armies#1Sm 17:45
had not left us a few survivors,#Is 10:21–22
we would be like Sodom,
we would resemble Gomorrah.#Gn 19:24–25; Is 3:9; 13:19; Rm 9:29
10Hear the word of the Lord,#Is 28:14
you rulers of Sodom!
Listen to the instruction of our God,
you people of Gomorrah!#Is 3:9; Ezk 16:46–49,55; Rv 11:8
11“What are all your sacrifices to me?”
asks the Lord.
“I have had enough of burnt offerings and rams
and the fat of well-fed cattle;
I have no desire for the blood of bulls,
lambs, or male goats.#1Sm 15:22; Jr 6:20; Hs 6:6; Am 5:21–24; Mt 23:23; Mk 12:33
12When you come to appear before me,
who requires this from you —
this trampling of my courts?
13Stop bringing useless offerings.#Mal 1:10
Your incense is detestable to me.
New Moons and Sabbaths,#Nm 28:11; 1Ch 23:31
and the calling of solemn assemblies#Ex 12:16; Lv 23:36  —
I cannot stand iniquity#Is 13:11 with a festival.
14I hate your New Moons and prescribed festivals.
They have become a burden to me;
I am tired of putting up with them.
15When you spread out your hands in prayer,#1Kg 8:22
I will refuse to look at you;
even if you offer countless prayers,
I will not listen.#Is 59:2; Jr 7:16; Ezk 8:18; Am 5:23; Hab 1:2; Zch 7:13
Your hands are covered with blood.#Pr 1:28; Is 59:1–3; Mc 3:4
Purification of Jerusalem
16“Wash yourselves. Cleanse yourselves.#Ps 26:6; Is 4:4; 52:11
Remove your evil deeds from my sight.
Stop doing evil.#Jr 25:5
17Learn to do what is good.
Pursue justice.#Dt 16:20; 1Kg 3:11; Ps 89:14; Is 10:2; 11:4; Am 5:15; Zch 7:9
Correct the oppressor.#1:17 Or Aid the oppressed
Defend the rights of the fatherless.
Plead the widow’s cause.
18“Come, let’s settle this,”#Is 41:1,21; 43:26; Mc 6:2
says the Lord.
“Though your sins are scarlet,
they will be as white as snow;#Ps 51:7; Is 43:25; 44:22; Rv 7:14
though they are crimson red,
they will be like wool.
19If you are willing and obedient,
you will eat the good things of the land.#Dt 30:15–20
20But if you refuse and rebel,
you will be devoured by the sword.”#Jr 12:12
For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.#Is 24:3; 40:5; 58:14; Mc 4:4
21The faithful town —
what an adulteress#1:21 Or prostitute she has become!
She was once full of justice.
Righteousness once dwelt in her,
but now, murderers!
22Your silver has become dross to be discarded,
your beer#1:22 Or wine is diluted with water.
23Your rulers are rebels,
friends of thieves.#Hs 5:10
They all love graft
and chase after bribes.#Ex 23:8; Mc 7:2–6
They do not defend the rights of the fatherless,
and the widow’s case never comes before them.#Ex 22:22; Dt 24:17; Is 10:2; Jr 5:28; Ezk 22:7; Zch 7:10
24Therefore the Lord God of Armies,
the Mighty One of Israel, declares:
“Ah, I will get even with my foes;
I will take revenge against my enemies.#Is 35:4; 59:18; Jr 46:10
25I will turn my hand against you#Ps 81:14; Is 5:25; Am 1:8
and will burn away your dross completely;#1:25 Lit dross as with lye
I will remove all your impurities.#Ezk 22:20; Mal 3:3
26I will restore your judges#Is 60:17; Mt 19:28 to what they were at first,
and your advisers to what they were at the start.
Afterward you will be called the Righteous City,#Is 33:5; 60:14; 62:1–2; Zch 8:3
a Faithful Town.”
27Zion will be redeemed by justice,
those who repent, by righteousness.#Rm 3:26
28At the same time both rebels and sinners will be broken,
and those who abandon the Lord will perish.
29Indeed, they#1:29 Some Hb mss; other Hb mss, Tg read you will be ashamed of the sacred trees
you desired,#Is 2:8; 57:5; Hs 4:13
and you will be embarrassed because of the garden shrines
you have chosen.#Is 65:3; 66:17
30For you will become like an oak
whose leaves are withered,
and like a garden without water.#Ps 1:3; Is 64:6
31The strong one will become tinder,
and his work a spark;
both will burn together,#Is 5:24; 9:19; 26:11; 33:11–14
with no one to extinguish the flames.#Is 66:24; Mt 3:12; Mk 9:43