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Genesis 36

36
1Now these [are] the generations of ‘Esav (hairy), who is Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)).
2‘Esav took his wives of the daughters of Kena’ani (merchant; trader; or that humbles and subdues); ‘Adah (an assembly) the daughter of Eilon (terebinth; mighty) the Hitti (terrorists), and Oholivamah (tent of the high place) the daughter of ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted) the daughter of Tziv’on (multi-colored; robber; dyed) the Hivi (villagers);
3And Basmat (spice) Yishma’el’s (He Will Hear God; God hears [EL]) daughter, sister of N’vayot (heights; vision).
4And ‘Adah (an assembly) bore to ‘Esav (hairy) Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold]; and Basmat (spice) bore Re’u’el (friend of EL/God);
5And Oholivamah (tent of the high place) bore Ye’ush (assembler), and Ya’lam (concealed), and Korach (ice; hail; bald): these are the sons of ‘Esav (hairy), which were born unto him in the land of Kena’an (merchant; trader; or that humbles and subdues).
6And ‘Esav (hairy) took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Kena’an (merchant; trader; or that humbles and subdues); and went into the country from the face of his brother Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of).
7For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.
8In the following manner dwelt ‘Esav in mount Se’ir: ‘Esav [is] Edom.
9And these [are] the generations of ‘Esav (hairy) the father of the Edomim in mount Se’ir (hairy, shaggy; The Hairy Guys; riding the storm):
10These [are] the names of ‘Esav sons; Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold] the son of ‘Adah (an assembly) the wife of ‘Esav (hairy), Re’u’el (friend of EL/God) the son of Basmat (spice) the wife of ‘Esav (hairy).
11And the sons of Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold] were Teman [south] (right hand; south), Omar (Eloquent Speaker), Tzefo (Observant, watchtower), and Ga’Tam (a burnt valley; their lowing; their touch), and K’naz (hunter).
12And Timna (restrained) was concubine to Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold] ’Esav’s (hairy) son; and she bore to Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold] ’’Amalek [Dweller in a Valley] (People who are nipped in the Valley): these [were] the sons of ‘Adah (an assembly) ’Esav’s (hairy) wife.
13And these [are] the sons of Re’u’el (friend of EL/God); Nachat (rest), and Zerach (Rising; Dawning, Shining, Arising), Shammah [astonishment] (loss; desolation; astonishment), and Mizah [fear] (fear; a sudden disappearance or a copious discharge from the head; a falling out): these were the sons of Basmat (spice) ’Esav’s (hairy) wife.
14And these were the sons of Oholivamah (tent of the high place), the daughter of ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted) the daughter of Tziv’on (multi-colored; robber; dyed), ‘Esav’s (hairy) wife: and she bore to ‘Esav, Ye’ush (assembler), and Ya’lam (concealed), and Korach (ice; hail; bald).
15These [were] chieftains of the sons of ‘Esav: the sons of Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold] the firstborn [son] of ‘Esav; chieftain Teman [south], chieftain Omar, chieftain Tzefo, chieftain K’naz,
16Chieftain Korach, chieftain Ga’Tam, [and] chieftain ‘‘Amalek [Dweller in a Valley]: these [are] the chieftains [that came] of Elifaz [my god -or God- is (fine) gold] in the land of Edom; these [were] the sons of ‘Adah.
17And these [are] the sons of Re’u’el ‘Esav’s son; chieftain Nachat, chieftain Zerach, chieftain Shammah [astonishment], chieftain Mizah [fear]: these [are] the chieftains [that came] of Re’u’el in the land of Edom; these [are] the sons of Basmat ‘Esav’s wife.
18And these [are] the sons of Oholivamah ‘Esav’s wife; chieftain Ye’ush, chieftain Ya’lam, chieftain Korach: these [were] the chieftains [that came] of Oholivamah the daughter of ‘Anah, ‘Esav’s wife.
19These [are] the sons of ‘Esav (hairy), who is Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)), and these [are] their chieftains.
20These [are] the sons of Se’ir (hairy, shaggy; The Hairy Guys; riding the storm) the Hori (cave dweller; freeborn prince), who inhabited the land; Lotan (covering), and Shoval (path; flowing; ear of corn), and Tziv’on (multi-colored; robber; dyed), and ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted),
21And Dishon (fatness; ashes), and Etzer (helper; treasure), and Dishan (threshing; a thresher): these [are] the chieftains of the Hori (cave dwellers; freeborn prince), the children of Se’ir (hairy, shaggy; The Hairy Guys; riding the storm) in the land of Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)).
22And the children of Lotan (covering) were Hori (cave dweller; freeborn prince) and Hemam (exterminating); and Lotan’s (covering) sister was Timna (restrained).
23And the children of Shoval (path; flowing; ear of corn) [were] these; ‘Alvan (tall; high), and Manachat (rest), and ‘Eival (stone; ancient heaps), Se’fo (bold; desert), and Onam (vigorous).
24And these [are] the children of Tziv’on (multi-colored; robber; dyed); both Ayah (falcon), and ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted): this was that ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted) that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the donkeys of Tziv’on (multi-colored; robber; dyed) his father.
25And the children of ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted) [were] these; Dishon (thresher; fatness; ashes), and Oholivamah (tent of the high place) the daughter of ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted).
26And these [are] the children of Dishon (thresher; fatness; ashes); Hemdan (desire), and Eshban (fire of discernment), and Yitran (advantage), and K’ran (lyre, anger).
27The children of Etzer (helper; treasure) [are] these; Bilhan [their decrepitude] (foolish confusion), and Za’avan (troubled; trembling), and ‘Akan (sharp-sighted; twisted)
28The children of Dishan (threshing; a thresher) [are] these; ‘Utz (deep contemplation on reality and justice), and Aran (joyous; cursed).
29These [are] the chieftains [that came] of the Hori (cave dwellers; freeborn prince); chieftain Lotan (covering), chieftain Shoval (path; flowing; ear of corn), chieftain Tziv’on (multi-colored; robber; dyed), chieftain ‘Anah (one who answers; afflicted),
30Chieftain Dishon (thresher; fatness; ashes), chieftain Etzer (helper; treasure), chieftain Dishan (threshing; a thresher): these [are] the chieftains [that came] of Hori (cave dweller; freeborn prince), among their chieftains in the land of Se’ir (hairy, shaggy; The Hairy Guys; riding the storm).
31And these [are] the kings that reigned in the land of Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)), before there reigned any king over the children of Isra’el (he who holds onto God-The Creator).
32And Bela (destruction) the son of B’or reigned in Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)): and the name of his city was Dinhabah (he gives judgment).
33And Bela (destruction) died, and Yovav (To Call Shrilly) the son of Zerach (Rising; Dawning, Shining, Arising) of Botzrah (in tribulation or distress; fortress, sheepfold) reigned in his stead.
34And Yovav (To Call Shrilly) died, and Husham (haste) of the land of Temani (southward) reigned in his stead.
35And Husham (haste) died, and Hadad [mighty] (mighty; joy; noise; clamor) the son of B’dad (alone; solitary), who struck Midyan [Strife] (Strife; Place Of Judgment) in the field of Mo’av (of his father; Who’s Your Daddy!?), reigned in his stead: and the name of his city [was] ‘Avit (ruins).
36And Hadad [mighty] (mighty; joy; noise; clamor) died, and Samlah (his clothing; his left hand; his astonishment) of Masrekah (vineyard of noble vines) reigned in his stead.
37And Samlah (his clothing; his left hand; his astonishment) died, and Sha’ul (desired; asked for) of Rekhovot (wide open spaces, wild places/streets) by-the-river reigned in his stead.
38And Sha’ul (desired; asked for) died, and Ba’al-Chanan (lord of grace; gracious husband) the son of ‘Akhbor (a rat; a mouse; bruising) reigned in his stead.
39And Ba’al-Chanan (lord of grace; gracious husband) the son of ‘Akhbor (a rat; a mouse; bruising) died, and Hadad [mighty] (honour) reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau (bleating; howling; sighing); and his wife’s name was M’heitav’el (how good is God, favoured of God [EL]), the daughter of Matred (pushing forward; wand of government; expulsion), the daughter of Mei-Zahav (waters of gold; gilded).
40And these [are] the names of the chieftains [that came] of ‘Esav (hairy), according to their families, after their places, by their names; chieftain Timnah [Portion] (restrained; forbidding), chieftain ‘Alvah (evil; his rising up; his highness), chieftain Y’tet (terror),
41Chieftain Oholivamah (tent of the high place), chieftain Elah [an oak] (an oak; a curse; perjury), chieftain Pinon (darkness; pearl; gem),
42Chieftain K’naz (hunter), chieftain Teman [south] (right hand; south), chieftain Mivtzar (fortress; defending; forbidding; taking away),
43Chieftain Magdi’el (declaring God; chosen fruit of God; prince of God [EL]), chieftain ‘Iram (belonging to a city; a high heap; “fluid escaping into a body cavity” to them): these [be] the chieftains of Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)), according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is ‘Esav (hairy) the father of the Edomim.
36
The Origin of Edom
(1 Chronicles 1:35–54)
1This is the account of Esau (that is, Edom) and his descendants. 2Esau chose his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah, daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; 3also Basemath, daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth. 4Adah gave birth to Eliphaz for Esau, and Basemath gave birth to Reuel. 5Oholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the sons of Esau who were born in Canaan.
6Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, all the members of his household, his possessions, all his cattle, and everything he had accumulated in Canaan and went to another land away from his brother Jacob. 7He did this because they had too many possessions to live together. There wasn’t enough pastureland for all of their livestock. 8So Esau, who was also known as Edom, lived in the mountains of Seir.
9This is the account of Esau and his descendants. He was the father of the people of Edom in the mountains of Seir.
10These were the names of Esau’s sons:
Eliphaz, son of Esau’s wife Adah, and Reuel, son of Esau’s wife Basemath.
11The sons of Eliphaz were
Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. 12Timna was a concubine  #36:12 A concubine is considered a wife except she has fewer rights under the law. of Esau’s son Eliphaz. She gave birth to Amalek for Eliphaz. These were the grandsons of Esau’s wife Adah.
13These were Reuel’s sons:
Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.
14These were the sons of Esau’s wife Oholibamah, daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon. She gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah for Esau.
15These were the tribal leaders among Esau’s descendants:
The sons of Eliphaz, Esau’s firstborn, were
Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, 16Korah, Gatam, and Amalek. These were the tribal leaders descended from Eliphaz in Edom. They were the grandsons of Adah.
17These were the tribal leaders among the descendants of Esau’s son Reuel:
Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the tribal leaders descended from Reuel in Edom. They were the grandsons of Esau’s wife Basemath.
18These were the tribal leaders among the descendants of Esau’s wife Oholibamah:
Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These were the tribal leaders descended from Esau’s wife Oholibamah, Anah’s daughter.
19These were the descendants of Esau (that is, Edom), who were tribal leaders.
20These were the sons of Seir the Horite, the people living in that land:
Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 21Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These Horite tribal leaders were the sons of Seir in Edom.
22The sons of Lotan were
Hori and Hemam. Lotan’s sister was Timna.
23These were the sons of Shobal:
Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.
24These were the sons of Zibeon:
Aiah and Anah. (Anah found the hot springs in the desert while he was taking care of the donkeys that belonged to his father Zibeon.)
25These were the children of Anah:
Dishon and Oholibamah, daughter of Anah.
26These were the sons of Dishon:
Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.
27These were the sons of Ezer:
Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.
28These were the sons of Dishan:
Uz and Aran.
29These were the Horite tribal leaders:
Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 30Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These were the Horite tribal leaders in the land of Seir.
31These were the kings who ruled Edom before any king ruled the people of Israel:
32Bela, son of Beor, ruled Edom. The name of his ⌞capital⌟ city was Dinhabah.
33After Bela died, Jobab, son of Zerah from Bozrah, succeeded him as king.
34After Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king.
35After Husham died, Hadad, son of Bedad succeeded him as king. Hadad defeated the Midianites in the country of Moab. The name of his capital city was Avith.
36After Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king.
37After Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the river succeeded him as king.
38After Shaul died, Baal Hanan, son of Achbor, succeeded him as king.
39After Baal Hanan, son of Achbor, died, Hadar succeeded him as king, and the name of his capital city was Pau. His wife’s name was Mehetabel, daughter of Matred and granddaughter of Mezahab.
40These were the names of the tribal leaders descended from Esau, by family, place, and name:
Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 41Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 42Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 43Magdiel, and Iram.
These were the tribal leaders of Edom listed by the places where they lived and the property they owned.
Esau was the father of the people of Edom.