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Genesis 32

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Chapter 32
Jacob's journey home
1Jacob continued on his journey to his father's house. On his way the angels of God met him. #32:1 Jacob had seen the angels of God before. See Genesis 28:12. Now God sent his angels to meet Jacob again, to show that he was with Jacob. 2When Jacob saw them, he said, ‘This is where God's army has put up their tents!’ So he called that place Mahanaim.
3Jacob sent men with a message to his brother Esau. Esau was living in the land of Seir, also called Edom. 4Jacob told his men, ‘This is what you must say to my master Esau: Your servant Jacob says, “I have been staying with Laban until now. 5I have cows, donkeys, sheep and goats. I have male and female servants. Now I am sending this message to my lord so that you will be happy with me.” ’
6When the men returned, they said to Jacob, ‘We went to your brother Esau. Now he is coming to meet you and he has 400 men with him.’ 7Jacob was very frightened and upset when he heard this. So he separated his people into two groups. He also separated his animals. 8He thought, ‘If Esau attacks one group, the other group may run away safely.’
9Then Jacob prayed, ‘God of my grandfather Abraham and my father Isaac, Lord, you said to me, “Go back to your country and to your relatives. I will do good things for you there.” 10You have always loved me. You have continued to be kind to me. I am not worth this. When I crossed the Jordan river to go to Haran, I only had my stick. But now I can make two big groups of people and animals. 11I pray that you will save me from the power of my brother Esau. I am afraid that he will come and attack me. He may also attack my family. 12But you have said, “I will give you many good things. I will give you so many descendants that nobody will be able to count them. They will be as much as the sand on the shore of the sea.” ’ #32:12 See Genesis 28:14.
13Jacob stayed in that place for the night. He chose some of his animals as a gift for Esau. 14He chose 200 female goats, 20 male goats, 200 female sheep and 20 male sheep. 15He also chose 30 female camels, with their young ones, 40 cows and 10 bulls, 20 female donkeys and 10 male donkeys. 16He told his servants to take care of them. He separated each group of animals from the other groups. Jacob said to his servants, ‘Go in front of me. Keep some space between each group of animals.’ 17He told the servant who led the first group of animals, ‘When my brother Esau meets you, he may ask, “Who do you belong to? Where are you going? Who do all these animals belong to?” 18Then you must say, “They belong to your servant Jacob. They are a gift that he has sent to my lord Esau. Jacob himself is coming behind us.” ’ 19Jacob also told the servants who led the other groups of animals, as well as the servants who followed behind them, ‘You are to say the same thing to Esau, when you meet him. 20You must also say “Your servant Jacob is coming behind us.” ’
Jacob thought, ‘Esau will be happy to receive my gifts. He will no longer be angry with me. Then, when I meet him, he will not hurt me.’ 21So Jacob sent the men with his gifts to go on to meet Esau. But he himself stayed in that place for the night.
22During the night Jacob took his two wives, his two female servants and his 11 sons to go with him. They went across the Jabbok river where there was a place to cross. #32:22 This part of the River Jabbok was not very deep. It was about 20 miles north of the Dead Sea. 23After Jacob had sent his family across, he also sent all his things across the stream. 24Then Jacob was alone. A man came and fought with him for a long time. #32:24 God came to Jacob as an angel. See Hosea 12:4-5. They continued until dawn.
25The man saw that he was not winning the fight against Jacob. So he hit Jacob's hip while they were fighting. In that way, Jacob's hip moved out of its proper place. 26Then the man said to Jacob, ‘Now let me go because dawn has come.’ But Jacob said, ‘I will not let you go unless you bless me.’
27The man asked Jacob, ‘What is your name?’ Jacob replied, ‘My name is Jacob’. 28Then the man said, ‘Your name will not be Jacob any more. Your name will now be Israel. #32:28 Israel probably means ‘he fights with God’. God changed Jacob's name to give him a new beginning. That is because you have fought with God and you have fought with men. And you have won!’
29Then Jacob said, ‘Please tell me your name.’ But the man said, ‘Why do you want to know my name?’ Then he blessed Jacob in that place. 30So Jacob called the place Peniel. #32:30 Peniel means ‘face of God’. He said, ‘I have seen God face to face, and I am still alive!’
31The sun rose in the sky as Jacob passed through Peniel. He could not walk properly because of his hip.
32Even today, the Israelite people do not eat the meat of an animal where it joins to the hip. This is because God touched Jacob's hip. #32:32 The Israelites were the descendants of Jacob, who was now called Israel. Jacob's 12 sons became the ancestors of Israel's 12 tribes.
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1And Ya’akov went on his way, and the angels of God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] met him.
2And when Ya’akov saw them, he said, This [is] God-Elōhīm’s [The Living Word - The Many Powered] host: and he called the name of that place Machanayim [Two Camps] (two camps).
3And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) sent messengers before him to ‘Esav (hairy) his brother unto the land of Se’ir (hairy, shaggy; The Hairy Guys; riding the storm), the country of Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)).
4And he commanded them, saying, In the following manner shall youf speak unto my lord ‘Esav; youri servant Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) says in this way, I have detained (held) with Lavan (to be white; white guy), and detained (held) there until now:
5And I have oxen, and donkeys, flocks, and menservants, and women servants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in youri sight.
6And the messengers returned to Ya’akov, saying, We came to youri brother ‘Esav, and also he comes to meet youi, and four hundred men with him.
7Then Ya’akov was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that [was] with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands;
8And said, If ‘Esav (hairy) come to the one company, and strike it, then the other company which is left shall escape.
9And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) said, O God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] of my father Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will], and God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] of my father Yitz’chak [Laughter], the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) which said unto me, Return unto youri country, and to youri family, and I will deal well with youi:
10I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which youi have showed unto youri servant; for with my staff I passed over this Yarden (The Descender, Descending); and now I am become two bands.
11Deliver me, I pray youi, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of ‘Esav: for I fear him, lest he will come and strike me, [and] the mother with the children.
12And youi said, I will surely do youi good, and make youri seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.
13And he lodged there that same night; and took of that which came to his hand a present for ‘Esav (hairy) his brother;
14Two hundred she goats, and twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams,
15Thirty milk production camels with their colts, forty cows, and ten bulls, twenty she donkeys, and ten foals.
16And he delivered [them] into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space between drove and drove.
17And he commanded the foremost, saying, When ‘Esav my brother meets youi, and asks youi, saying, Whose [are] youi? and to where go youi? and whose [are] these before youi?
18Then youi shall say, [They be] youri servant Ya’akov’s (he who holds onto the heel of); it [is] a present sent unto my lord ‘Esav: and, behold, also he [is] behind us.
19And so commanded he the second, and the third, and all that followed the droves, saying, On this manner shall you1sf speak unto ‘Esav (hairy), when you1sf find him.
20And say youf moreover, Behold, youri servant Ya’akov [is] behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept of me.
21So went the present over before him: and himself lodged that night in the company.
22And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two women servants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Yabok (emptying; to flow).
23And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had.
24And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.
25And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Ya’akov’s (he who holds onto the heel of) thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.
26And he said, Let me go, for the day breaks. And he said, I will not let youi go, except youi bless me.
27And he said unto him, What [is] youri name? And he said, Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of).
28And he said, youri name shall be called no more Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of), but Isra’el [he who holds onto God-The Creator]: for as a prince have youi power with God [EL- The Powerful Living Word] and with men, and hast prevailed.
29And Ya’akov asked [him], and said, Tell [me], I pray youi, youri name. And he said, For what reason [is] it [that] youi ask after my name? And he Blessed (Favored by God; happy; prosperous) him there.
30And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) called the name of the place P’ni-El [Face of The Powerful Living Word of GOD]: for I have seen God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] face to face, and my life is preserved.
31And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) as he passed over P’ni-El [Face of The Powerful Living Word of GOD] the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
32Therefore the children of Isra’el eat not [of] the sinew which shrank, which [is] upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Ya’akov’s thigh in the sinew that shrank.