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Genesis 16

16
Chapter 16
Sarai and Hagar
1Abram's wife, Sarai, had not given birth to any children. She had an Egyptian servant. The servant's name was Hagar. 2Sarai said to Abram, ‘The Lord has not let me have any children. Go and sleep with my servant. Then if she gives birth, her children will be my family.’ Abram agreed to do this. #16:2 Sarai wants Abram to have a son. God has told Abram that he will have many descendants. But neither Abram nor Sarai will wait for God to keep his promise.
3Abram had now been living in Canaan for 10 years. Sarai gave her Egyptian servant, Hagar, to him. She became like another wife for Abram.
4Abram had sex with Hagar and she became pregnant. When Hagar knew that she was pregnant, she no longer respected Sarai.
5Then Sarai said to Abram, ‘It is because of you that Hagar is now insulting me. I gave her to you so that you could have sex with her. Now she is pregnant and she does not respect me any more. The Lord will decide who is right, you or me.’
6Abram said to Sarai, ‘Hagar is your servant and you have authority over her. Do to her whatever you think is right.’ Then Sarai caused trouble for Hagar. So Hagar ran away from Sarai.
7The angel of the Lord found Hagar. She was by a stream of water in the desert. The stream was near the road to Shur. 8The angel said, ‘Sarai's servant, Hagar, where have you come from? Where are you going?’ Hagar replied, ‘I am running away from Sarai. I am her servant.’
9The angel of the LORD told Hagar, ‘Go back to Sarai. You are her servant and you must obey her.’
10The angel also said, ‘I will make the number of your descendants become very many. They will be too many for people to count.’
11The angel of the Lord said to Hagar,
‘Now you are pregnant and you will give birth to a son.
When you cried in pain, the Lord heard you,
so you must give your son the name “Ishmael”. #16:11 The name ‘Ishmael’ means ‘God hears’.
12Like a wild donkey, nobody will be able to rule him.
He will fight against everyone, and everyone will fight against him.
He will think that everyone is his enemy.
He will keep away from his brothers.’
13When Hagar heard what the angel said, she said to herself, ‘I have seen the God who sees me!’ So she called the Lord ‘The God who sees me.’ 14That is why they called the well in that place ‘Beer Lahai Roi’. #16:14 ‘Beer Lahai Roi’ means ‘Well of the living One who sees me’. Hagar came from Egypt. People in Egypt worshipped different gods. Now Hagar has met the living God. The well is between Kadesh and Bered.
15After some time Hagar gave birth to a son. Abram was his father. Abram gave his son the name ‘Ishmael’. 16Abram was 86 years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.
16
Sarai and Hagar
1Now#Or “And” Sarai, the wife of Abram, had borne him no children. And she had a female Egyptian servant, and her name was Hagar. 2And Sarai said to Abram, “Look, please, Yahweh has prevented me from bearing children. Please go in to my servant; perhaps I will have children by her.”#Literally “I will be built from her” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. 3Then#Or “And” Sarai, the wife of Abram, took Hagar, her Egyptian servant, after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram her husband as his wife. 4And he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And when she#That is, Hagar saw that she had conceived, then her mistress grew small in her eyes. 5And Sarai said to Abram, “may my harm be upon you. I had my servant sleep with you,#Literally “I put my servant in your lap” and when she saw that she had conceived, she no longer respected me.#Literally “I grew small in her eyes” May Yahweh judge between me and you!” 6And Abram said to Sarai, “Look, your servant is under your authority.#Literally “in your hand” Do to her that which is good in your eyes.” And Sarai mistreated her, and she#That is, Hagar fled from her presence.
Hagar and the Angel of Yahweh
7And the angel of Yahweh found her at a spring of water in the wilderness, at the spring by the road of Shur. 8And he said to Hagar, the servant of Sarai, “From where#Literally “where from this” have you come, and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from the presence of Sarai my mistress.” 9Then#Or “And” the angel of Yahweh said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit yourself under her authority.”#Literally “her hand” 10And the angel of Yahweh said to her, “I will greatly multiply#Literally “multiplying I will multiply” your offspring, so that they cannot be counted for their abundance.” 11And the angel of Yahweh said to her:
“Behold, you are pregnant
and shall have a son.
And you shall call his name Ishmael,
for Yahweh has listened to your suffering.
12And he shall be a wild donkey of a man,
his hand will be against everyone,
and the hand of everyone will be against him,
and he will live in hostility with all his brothers.”#Literally “against the face of all his brothers”
13So#Or “And” she called the name of Yahweh who spoke to her, “You are El-Roi,”#“God of seeing” for she said, “Here I have seen after he who sees me.” 14Therefore the well was called Beer-Lahai-Roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. 15And Hagar had a child for Abram, a son. And Abram called the name of his son whom Hagar bore to him, Ishmael. 16And Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.