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Genesis 10

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1These are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth; sons were born to them after the flood.
2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5From these the coastland peoples spread. These are the sons of Japheth#10.5 Compare verses 20,31. Heb lacks These are the sons of Japheth in their lands, each with his own language, by their families, in their nations.
6The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. 7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8Cush became the father of Nimrod; he was the first on earth to be a mighty man. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, and Accad, all of them in the land of Shinar. 11From that land he went into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, and 12Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13Egypt became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naph-tuhim, 14Pathrusim, Casluhim (whence came the Philistines), and Caphtorim.
15Canaan became the father of Sidon his first-born, and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 19And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon, in the direction of Gerar, as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These are the sons of Ham, by their families, their languages, their lands, and their nations.
21To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram. 23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber. 25To Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg,#10.25 That is Division for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother's name was Joktan. 26Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abima-el, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. 30The territory in which they lived extended from Mesha in the direction of Sephar to the hill country of the east. 31These are the sons of Shem, by their families, their languages, their lands, and their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, in their nations; and from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.
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Chapter 10
1This is the report about Noah's sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, and their families.
After the deep water went away, they all had children themselves.
Japheth's family
2These are the sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras. 3These are the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah. 4These are the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim. #10:4 The Kittim are people who went to live in Cyprus.
5These people lived by the sea. They lived in groups. Each group went to live in a different place. Each group spoke its own language.
Ham's family
6These are the sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put and Canaan. 7These are the sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteca. 8These are the sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 9Cush was the father of Nimrod. Nimrod grew into a great soldier on the earth. The Lord helped Nimrod to be a great hunter. That is why people say, ‘Like Nimrod, a great hunter that the Lord helped.’ #10:9 Nimrod beat many groups of people, living in many lands. He became a king.
10The first of Nimrod's lands were Babylon, Erech, Akkad and Calneh, in Shinar. 11From that land he went to Assyria. This is where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir and Calah. 12He also built Resen. Resen is between Nineveh and Calah, which is a large city. 13Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14Pathrusites, Casluhites (that is where Philistines came from) and Caphtorites. #10:14 All these groups of people came from the descendants of Mizraim. They all lived in their own land.
15Canaan was the father of Sidon, who was born first. Canaan was also the father of the Hittites, 16Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites. After some time had passed, the Canaanite families separated to different places. 19The land of Canaan went from Sidon to Gerar, as far as Gaza. It went to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These are all descendants of Ham. They lived in groups in their own parts of the land. Each group spoke their own language.
Shem's family
21Shem also had sons. Shem was Japheth's older brother. All the sons of Eber are descendants of Shem. 22These are the sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. 23These are the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech. 24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah. Shelah was the father of Eber. 25Eber had two sons. He called one Peleg. When he was alive, people began to live in different places on the earth. So he called him Peleg. #10:25 Peleg means to go away from each other. He called the other son Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. 30The land where they lived went from Mesha to Sephar. This is in the land with hills in the east. 31These are the descendants of Shem. They lived in groups in their own parts of the land. Each group spoke their own language.
32All these people are descendants of Noah's sons, and their children. They went to live in different parts of the earth and their children became different nations. #10:32 People were living in groups. They lived in different parts of the earth. And each group spoke a different language. Chapter 11 shows us why this happened. This happened after God covered the earth with water and then the water went away.