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Genesis 2

2
1The creation of the heavens, the earth, and everything in them#2:1. “Everything in them”: literally, “all the array of them.” The word used for “array” is usually a military term designating the formation of an army of soldiers. was complete. 2By the time the seventh day came, God had finished the work he'd done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work he'd been doing. 3God blessed the seventh day, and set it apart as holy, because he rested from all the work he'd done in creation.
4This is the account of the Lord God's creation when he made the heavens and the earth.
5Up to this point there were no wild plants#2:5. “Plants”: the word can also mean “bushes” or “shrubs.” or crops growing on the earth, because the Lord God hadn't sent rain, and there was no one to cultivate the ground. 6Dew came up from the earth and made the whole surface of the ground wet. 7The Lord God shaped the man Adam#2:7. The word for man is Adam, so it serves the purpose of identifying both the first man and his personal name. Since it is not always clear whether the term refers to man generically or the person of Adam, this version has chosen in most cases to translate “the man” as Adam, and then by extension, “the woman,” as Eve, even though she is not specifically named until 3:20. In this way the account is brought to a more personal level. In addition note that the word for ground is “adamah,” showing the close connection of the man to the earth. from the dust of the ground. He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and Adam became a living being.
8The Lord planted a garden in Eden, in the east. There he put the man Adam he had created. 9The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow in the garden, beautiful trees and trees producing fruit that's good to eat. The tree of life was in the middle of the garden, along with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10A river flowed out from Eden to water the garden. From there it split into four branches. 11The first branch was called the Pishon and it flowed through the whole land of Havilah, where gold is found. 12(The gold from that land is pure. Bdellium#2:12. “Bdellium”: later references state that this is an aromatic resin. Whether this is the same substance as mentioned here is not known. and onyx stone are also found there.) 13The second branch was called the Gihon and it flowed through the whole land of Cush.#2:13. “Cush”: in much of the Old Testament this is another name for Ethiopia; whether this is so here is uncertain. 14The third branch was called the Tigris#2:14. “Tigris”: literally “Hiddekel,” thought to be the old Hebrew name for the Tigris. See also Daniel 10:4. and it flowed east of the city of Asshur. The fourth branch was called the Euphrates.#2:14. “Euphrates”: literally “Parat,” usually thought to be synonymous with the Euphrates.
15The Lord God put the man in the Garden of Eden to cultivate it and care for it. 16The Lord God ordered Adam, “You are free to eat fruit from every tree in the garden, 17but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, because the day you eat from it you are certain to die.”
18Then the Lord God said, “It's not good for Adam to be alone. I will make someone to help him, someone that's like him.”
19The Lord God used the ground to make all the wild animals, and all the birds. He took them all to Adam to see what he would call them, and Adam named every living creature. 20Adam gave names to all the livestock, all the birds, and all the wild animals. But Adam didn't find anyone like him who could help him.
21So the Lord God put Adam into a deep sleep and as he slept the Lord God removed one of Adam's ribs and closed up the place where he took it with body tissue. 22The Lord God made a woman, using the rib he'd taken from Adam, and presented her to Adam.
23“Finally!” said Adam. “Here is bone from my bone and flesh from my flesh. She shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man.”#2:23. “Man”: a different Hebrew word is used here and in the following verse.
24This is the reason a man leaves his father and mother and is joined#2:24. “Joined”: literally, “clings to,” or “sticks together with.” to his wife, and the two become one being. 25Adam and his wife Eve#2:25. See note under 2:7. were both naked, but they weren't embarrassed about it.
2
The Creation of Man and Woman
1So the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts (inhabitants). 2And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested (ceased) on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3So God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it [as His own, that is, set it apart as holy from other days], because in it He rested from all His work which He had created and done.
4This is the history of [the origin of] the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day [that is, days of creation] that the #Heb YHWH (Yahweh), the Hebrew name of God which traditionally is not pronounced by the Jews, usually rendered Lord. See front material, Principles of Translation.Lord God made the earth and the heavens— 5no shrub or plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to #Lit work.cultivate the ground, 6but a #Or flow of water.mist (fog, dew, vapor) used to rise from the land and water the entire surface of the ground— 7then the Lord God #The word is “formed” (Heb yatsar), but in 1:26, 27 the action is described with the Hebrew word “created” (Heb bara).formed [that is, created the body of] man from the #The essential chemical elements found in soil are also found in humans and animals. This scientific fact was not discovered until recent times, but God is displaying it here.dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being [an individual complete in body and spirit]. 8And the Lord God #This is a reference, not to the creation of plant life in general, but to the planting of specific plants in the Garden of Eden (2:8, 9).planted a garden (oasis) in the east, in Eden (delight, land of happiness); and He put the man whom He had formed (created) there. 9And [in that garden] the Lord God caused to grow from the ground every tree that is desirable and pleasing to the sight and good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the [experiential] knowledge (recognition) of [the difference between] good and evil.
10Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [branching] rivers. 11The first [river] is named Pishon; it flows around the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12The gold of that land is good; bdellium (a fragrant, valuable resin) and the #It is often difficult to match the names or descriptions of ancient gems and other materials with their contemporary equivalents. Modern research indicates this may instead be carnelian, a red gemstone.onyx stone are found there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the entire land of Cush [in Mesopotamia]. 14The third river is named Hiddekel (Tigris); it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15So the Lord God took the man [He had made] and settled him in the Garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely (unconditionally) eat [the fruit] from every tree of the garden; 17but [only] from the tree of the knowledge (recognition) of good and evil you shall not eat, otherwise on the day that you eat from it, you shall most certainly #Both spiritually and physically, physical death in the sense of becoming mortal; they were created immortal.die [because of your disobedience].”
18Now the Lord God said, “It is not good (beneficial) for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper [one who balances him—a counterpart who is] #Lit like his opposite.suitable and complementary for him.” 19So the Lord God formed out of the ground every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20And the man gave names to all the livestock, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for Adam there was not found a helper [that was] suitable (a companion) for him. 21So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and while he slept, He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22And the rib which the Lord God had taken from the man He made (fashioned, formed) into a woman, and He brought her and presented her to the man. 23Then Adam said,
“This is now bone of my bones,
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called Woman,
Because she was taken out of Man.”
24For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed or embarrassed.