The Promise Reaffirmed to Isaac
1There was another famine in the land in addition to the one that had occurred in Abraham’s time. # Gn 12:10 And Isaac went to Abimelech, king of the Philistines, at Gerar. # Gn 20:2 2The Lord appeared to him and said, “Do not go down to Egypt. Live in the land that I tell you about; 3stay in this land as a foreigner, and I will be with you and bless you. # Gn 12:2; 26:24; 28:15; 31:3 For I will give all these lands to you and your offspring, # Gn 12:7; 13:15; 15:18 and I will confirm the oath that I swore to your father Abraham. # Gn 22:16-18; Ps 105:9 4I will make your offspring as numerous as the stars of the sky, I will give your offspring all these lands, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed # Or will bless themselves by your offspring, # Gn 12:3; 18:18; Ac 3:25; Gl 3:8 5because Abraham listened to My voice and kept My mandate, My commands, My statutes, and My instructions.” # Lv 18:30; Dt 11:1 6So Isaac settled in Gerar.
7When the men of the place asked about his wife, he said, “She is my sister,” # Gn 12:13; 20:5 for he was afraid to say “my wife,” thinking, # Pr 29:25 “The men of the place will kill me on account of Rebekah, for she is a beautiful woman.” # Gn 24:16 8When Isaac had been there for some time, Abimelech king of the Philistines looked down from the window and was surprised to see # Or and he looked and behold — Isaac caressing his wife Rebekah.
9Abimelech sent for Isaac and said, “So she is really your wife! How could you say, ‘She is my sister’? ”
Isaac answered him, “Because I thought I might die on account of her.”
10Then Abimelech said, “What is this you’ve done to us? One of the people could easily have slept with your wife, and you would have brought guilt on us.” # Gn 20:8-10 11So Abimelech warned all the people with these words: “Whoever harms this man or his wife will certainly die.”
Conflicts over Wells
12Isaac sowed seed in that land, and in that year he reaped # Lit found a hundred times what was sown. The Lord blessed him, # Gn 24:1,35 13and the man became rich and kept getting richer until he was very wealthy. 14He had flocks of sheep, herds of cattle, and many slaves, and the Philistines were envious of him. 15The Philistines stopped up all the wells that his father’s slaves had dug in the days of his father Abraham, # Gn 21:30 filling them with dirt. 16And Abimelech said to Isaac, “Leave us, for you are much too powerful for us.” # Or are more numerous than we are
17So Isaac left there, camped in the Valley of Gerar, and lived there. 18Isaac reopened the water wells that had been dug in the days of his father Abraham and that the Philistines had stopped up after Abraham died. He gave them the same names his father had given them. 19Then Isaac’s slaves dug in the valley and found a well of spring # Lit living water there. 20But the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled with Isaac’s herdsmen and said, “The water is ours! ” So he named the well Quarrel # Or Esek because they quarreled with him. # Gn 21:25 21Then they dug another well and quarreled over that one also, so he named it Hostility. # Or Sitnah 22He moved from there and dug another, and they did not quarrel over it. He named it Open Spaces # Or Rehoboth and said, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we will be fruitful in the land.”
The Lord Appears to Isaac
23From there he went up to Beer-sheba, 24and the Lord appeared to him that night and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. # Gn 17:7-8; 24:12; Ex 3:6; Ac 7:32 Do not be afraid, for I am with you. # Gn 21:17; Ex 20:20; 2Kg 6:16; Is 41:10; 43:1,5 I will bless you and multiply your offspring because of My servant Abraham.”
25So he built an altar there, # Gn 8:20; 12:7; 13:18; 35:7; Ex 17:15; Jos 8:30 called on the name of Yahweh, and pitched his tent there. Isaac’s slaves also dug a well there. # Gn 26:32
Covenant with Abimelech
26Now Abimelech came to him from Gerar with Ahuzzath his adviser and Phicol the commander of his army. # Gn 21:22 27Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me? You hated me and sent me away from you.”
28They replied, “We have clearly seen how the Lord has been with you. We think there should be an oath between two parties — between us and you. Let us make a covenant with you: 29You will not harm us, just as we have not harmed you but have only done what was good to you, sending you away in peace. You are now blessed by the Lord.” # Gn 24:31; Ps 115:15
30So he prepared a banquet for them, and they ate and drank. 31They got up early in the morning and swore an oath to each other.# Lit swore, each man to his brother # Gn 21:31 Then Isaac sent them on their way, and they left him in peace. 32On that same day Isaac’s slaves came to tell him about the well they had dug, saying to him, “We have found water! ” # Gn 26:19 33He called it Sheba. # Or Shibah Therefore the name of the city is Beer-sheba # = Well of the Oath # Gn 21:30-31 to this day.
34When Esau was 40 years old, he took as his wives Judith daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath daughter of Elon the Hittite. # Gn 28:9; 36:2-3 35They made life bitter # Lit And they became bitterness of spirit for Isaac and Rebekah. # Gn 27:46