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Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1An#Ru 4:18–22; 2Sm 7:12–16; 1Ch 2:1–15; Lk 3:32–34 account#Mk 12:26; Lk 3:4; Ac 1:20; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5 of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David,#Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Lk 1:32,69 the Son of Abraham:#Gn 22:18; Mt 9:7; Rm 1:3; Gl 3:16
From Abraham to David
2Abraham fathered#1:2 In vv. 2–16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8 Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers,#Gn 29:35; Ps 14:7; 105:9; Mt 8:11; 22:32; Jms 2:21
3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram,#Gn 38:29–30; 46:12; Lk 3:33
4Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse,#Ru 1:4; 2:1; Lk 3:32
6and Jesse fathered King David.
From David to the Babylonian Exile
David fathered Solomon#1:6 Other mss add King by Uriah’s wife,#1Sm 16:1; 17:12; 2Sm 11:27; 12:24
7Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa,#1:7 Other mss read Asaph
8Asa#1:8 Other mss read Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram,#1:8 = Jehoram
Joram fathered Uzziah,#1Kg 11:43; 14:31; 15:8,24; 22:50; 2Kg 14:21
9Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon,#1:10 Other mss read Amos
Amon fathered Josiah,#2Kg 15:5,38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18,24
11and Josiah fathered Jeconiah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon.#2Kg 24:6,14; Is 5:13; Jr 27:20; Ezk 1:1; Mt 1:17
From the Exile to the Messiah
12After the exile to Babylon
Jeconiah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor,#Gn 10:10; 1Ch 3:17; Lk 3:27,30
14Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to Jesus who is called the Messiah.#Mt 27:17,22; Lk 2:11; Jn 1:45; 4:25
17So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, fourteen generations.#2Kg 24:14; Jr 27:20; Dn 9:25–26; Mk 8:29; Ac 2:31,36,38
The Nativity of the Messiah
18The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After his mother Mary had been engaged#1:18 Or betrothed to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant from the Holy Spirit.#Mt 12:46; Lk 1:27,35 19So her husband, Joseph, being a righteous man,#Mt 13:17; Mk 10:12; Lk 2:36; 1Co 14:35; 2Co 11:2; Gl 4:27 and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly.#Dt 22:20–24; 24:1–4; Mt 2:7; Lk 16:18; Jn 8:4–5
20But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.#2Ch 1:1; Mt 13:49; 27:19; Jn 6:20; Rm 1:3 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus,#Lk 1:31; 2:21; Jn 10:25; 1Jn 2:12 because he will save his people from their sins.”#Lk 2:11; Jn 1:29; Ac 4:12; 5:31; 13:23,38–39
22Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23 See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name him Immanuel,#1:23 Is 7:14
which is translated “God is with us.”#Is 7:14; Mt 21:1–4; Lk 24:44; Rm 1:2–4
24When Joseph woke up, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her#Mt 1:6; 13:49; Lk 1:1; 19:32; Jd 5 25but did not have sexual relations with her until she gave birth to a son.#1:25 Other mss read to her firstborn son And he named him Jesus.#Gn 4:1,17; Ex 13:2; Jdg 11:39; 1Sm 1:19; Lk 2:7,21

Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
2Abraham became the father of Isaac, and Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob became the father of Judah and his brothers, 3and Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez became the father of Hezron, and Hezron became the father of Aram,#Although the Greek text reads “Aram,” many English versions substitute the Old Testament form of the name, “Ram” (cf. 1 Chr 2:9; Ruth 4:19), here and in the following verse 4and Aram became the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon became the father of Salmon, 5and Salmon became the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz became the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed became the father of Jesse, 6and Jesse became the father of David the king.
And David became the father of Solomon by the wife#*The word “wife” is not in the Greek text, but is implied idiomatically of Uriah, 7and Solomon became the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam became the father of Abijah, and Abijah became the father of Asa,#Greek “Asaph,” alternately spelled “Asa” in many English versions here and in the following verse (cf. 1 Chr 3:10) 8and Asa became the father of Jehoshaphat,#Greek “Josaphat”; alternately spelled “Jehoshaphat” in many English versions and Jehoshaphat became the father of Joram, and Joram became the father of Uzziah, 9and Uzziah became the father of Jotham, and Jotham became the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz became the father of Hezekiah, 10and Hezekiah became the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh became the father of Amon,#The earliest and best Greek manuscripts read “Amos,” but many English versions use the Old Testament form of the name here, “Amon” (cf. 2 Kgs 21:18) and Amon became the father of Josiah, 11and Josiah became the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.
12And after the deportation to Babylon, Jechoniah became the father of Shealtiel,#Greek “Salathiel,” but many English versions use the Old Testament form of the name here, “Shealtiel” (cf. Ezra 3:2) and Shealtiel became the father of Zerubbabel, 13and Zerubbabel became the father of Abiud, and Abiud became the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim became the father of Azor, 14and Azor became the father of Zadok, and Zadok became the father of Achim, and Achim became the father of Eliud, 15and Eliud became the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar became the father of Matthan, and Matthan became the father of Jacob, 16and Jacob became the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary by whom#The Greek relative pronoun is feminine gender and thus refers only to Mary, not Joseph was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
17Therefore all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ are fourteen generations.
The Birth of Jesus Christ
18Now the birth of Jesus Christ occurred in this way. His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant#Literally “to have in the womb” by the Holy Spirit. 19So Joseph her husband, being righteous and not wanting to disgrace her, intended to divorce her secretly. 20But as#*Here “as” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“considering”) he was considering these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21And she will give birth to a son, and you will call his name ‘Jesus,’ because he will save his people from their sins.” 22Now all this happened in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet would be fulfilled, saying,
23“Behold, the virgin will become pregnant#Literally “will have in the womb” and will give birth to a son,
and they will call his name Emmanuel,”#A quotation from Isa 7:14
which is translated, “God with us.”#An allusion to Isa 8:8, 10 in the Greek OT (LXX) 24And Joseph, when he#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“woke up”) which is understood as temporal woke up from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and he took his wife 25and did not have sexual relations with#Literally “did not know” her until she gave birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus.