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Matthew 1

1
The Genealogy of Jesus Christ
1An#Ru 4:18–22; 2Sm 7:12–16; 1Ch 2:1–15; Lk 3:32–34 account#Mk 12:26; Lk 3:4; Ac 1:20; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5 of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David,#Ps 89:3; Is 9:6; Lk 1:32,69 the Son of Abraham:#Gn 22:18; Mt 9:7; Rm 1:3; Gl 3:16
From Abraham to David
2Abraham fathered#1:2 In vv. 2–16 either a son, as here, or a later descendant, as in v. 8 Isaac,
Isaac fathered Jacob,
Jacob fathered Judah and his brothers,#Gn 29:35; Ps 14:7; 105:9; Mt 8:11; 22:32; Jms 2:21
3Judah fathered Perez and Zerah by Tamar,
Perez fathered Hezron,
Hezron fathered Aram,#Gn 38:29–30; 46:12; Lk 3:33
4Aram fathered Amminadab,
Amminadab fathered Nahshon,
Nahshon fathered Salmon,
5Salmon fathered Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz fathered Obed by Ruth,
Obed fathered Jesse,#Ru 1:4; 2:1; Lk 3:32
6and Jesse fathered King David.
From David to the Babylonian Exile
David fathered Solomon#1:6 Other mss add King by Uriah’s wife,#1Sm 16:1; 17:12; 2Sm 11:27; 12:24
7Solomon fathered Rehoboam,
Rehoboam fathered Abijah,
Abijah fathered Asa,#1:7 Other mss read Asaph
8Asa#1:8 Other mss read Asaph fathered Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat fathered Joram,#1:8 = Jehoram
Joram fathered Uzziah,#1Kg 11:43; 14:31; 15:8,24; 22:50; 2Kg 14:21
9Uzziah fathered Jotham,
Jotham fathered Ahaz,
Ahaz fathered Hezekiah,
10Hezekiah fathered Manasseh,
Manasseh fathered Amon,#1:10 Other mss read Amos
Amon fathered Josiah,#2Kg 15:5,38; 16:20; 20:21; 21:18,24
11and Josiah fathered Jeconiah and his brothers
at the time of the exile to Babylon.#2Kg 24:6,14; Is 5:13; Jr 27:20; Ezk 1:1; Mt 1:17
From the Exile to the Messiah
12After the exile to Babylon
Jeconiah fathered Shealtiel,
Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel,
13Zerubbabel fathered Abiud,
Abiud fathered Eliakim,
Eliakim fathered Azor,#Gn 10:10; 1Ch 3:17; Lk 3:27,30
14Azor fathered Zadok,
Zadok fathered Achim,
Achim fathered Eliud,
15Eliud fathered Eleazar,
Eleazar fathered Matthan,
Matthan fathered Jacob,
16and Jacob fathered Joseph the husband of Mary,
who gave birth to Jesus who is called the Messiah.#Mt 27:17,22; Lk 2:11; Jn 1:45; 4:25
17So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations; and from David until the exile to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the exile to Babylon until the Messiah, fourteen generations.#2Kg 24:14; Jr 27:20; Dn 9:25–26; Mk 8:29; Ac 2:31,36,38
The Nativity of the Messiah
18The birth of Jesus Christ came about this way: After his mother Mary had been engaged#1:18 Or betrothed to Joseph, it was discovered before they came together that she was pregnant from the Holy Spirit.#Mt 12:46; Lk 1:27,35 19So her husband, Joseph, being a righteous man,#Mt 13:17; Mk 10:12; Lk 2:36; 1Co 14:35; 2Co 11:2; Gl 4:27 and not wanting to disgrace her publicly, decided to divorce her secretly.#Dt 22:20–24; 24:1–4; Mt 2:7; Lk 16:18; Jn 8:4–5
20But after he had considered these things, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what has been conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.#2Ch 1:1; Mt 13:49; 27:19; Jn 6:20; Rm 1:3 21She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus,#Lk 1:31; 2:21; Jn 10:25; 1Jn 2:12 because he will save his people from their sins.”#Lk 2:11; Jn 1:29; Ac 4:12; 5:31; 13:23,38–39
22Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23 See, the virgin will become pregnant
and give birth to a son,
and they will name him Immanuel,#1:23 Is 7:14
which is translated “God is with us.”#Is 7:14; Mt 21:1–4; Lk 24:44; Rm 1:2–4
24When Joseph woke up, he did as the Lord’s angel had commanded him. He married her#Mt 1:6; 13:49; Lk 1:1; 19:32; Jd 5 25but did not have sexual relations with her until she gave birth to a son.#1:25 Other mss read to her firstborn son And he named him Jesus.#Gn 4:1,17; Ex 13:2; Jdg 11:39; 1Sm 1:19; Lk 2:7,21
1
The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1The record of the genealogy of #Heb Yeshua (Joshua), meaning The Lord is salvation.Jesus the #Gr Christos. Greek for Messiah, which means Anointed One. Throughout his gospel, which is directed primarily to Jewish believers, Matthew uses OT Scripture to emphasize the fact that Jesus is their promised Messiah.Messiah, the son (descendant) of #The shepherd boy who killed the Philistine giant Goliath, and later became king of Israel.David, the son (descendant) of Abraham:
2Abraham #Lit begot, fathered, from the Greek word gennao, meaning “to father a child” (early modern English beget) and so throughout the genealogy whenever father occurs.was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of #Gr Judas; names of people in the OT are given in their OT form.Judah and his brothers [who became the twelve tribes of Israel]. 3Judah was the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram. 4Ram was the father of Aminadab, Aminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon. 5Salmon was the father of Boaz by #The woman who assisted the Hebrew spies before the conquest of Jericho (Josh 2:1-21).Rahab, Boaz was the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse. 6Jesse was the father of #David is the only one addressed as “the king.” The text places an emphasis on David, showing that Jesus is a descendant of David and an heir to the throne of David and the Davidic Covenant.David the king.
David was the father of Solomon by #Lit her of Uriah.Bathsheba who had been the wife of Uriah. 7Solomon was the father of Rehoboam, Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa. 8Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah. 9Uzziah was the father of Jotham, Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah. 10Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh, Manasseh the father of Amon, and Amon the father of Josiah. 11Josiah became the father of Jeconiah [also called Coniah and Jehoiachin] and his brothers, at the time of the deportation (exile) to Babylon.
12After the deportation to Babylon: Jeconiah became the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel. 13Zerubbabel was the father of Abihud, Abihud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor. 14Azor was the father of Zadok, Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud. 15Eliud was the father of Eleazar, Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob. 16Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by #The Greek singular feminine pronoun hes, translated “whom,” shows that Jesus was born of Mary alone, without Joseph’s participation; however, Jesus was considered Joseph’s legal son and heir. Accordingly, Matthew’s genealogy confirms Jesus as a legitimate descendant of David.whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah (Christ).
17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen; from David to the Babylonian deportation (exile), fourteen generations; and from the Babylonian deportation to the Messiah, fourteen generations.
Conception and Birth of Jesus
18Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: when His mother Mary had been #The first stage of marriage (called shiddukin in Hebrew) in Jewish tradition and law, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night; unlike an engagement, it was legally binding and required a divorce to nullify it. The woman remained with her parents during the betrothal year and was referred to as a “wife” even though the marriage was not consummated during this period of time (cf Deut 22:23, 24).betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by [the power of] the Holy Spirit. 19And Joseph her [promised] husband, being a just and righteous man and not wanting to expose her publicly to shame, planned to send her away and divorce her quietly. 20But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, descendant of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the Child who has been #Lit begotten.conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21She will give birth to a Son, and you shall name Him Jesus (The Lord is salvation), for He will #Those who, by personal faith, accept Him as Savior are saved from the penalty of sin and reconciled with the Father.save His people from their sins.” 22All this happened in order to fulfill what the Lord had spoken through the #The prophets in the Bible always have the ability to foretell the future as revealed to them by God. Scripture provides stringent criteria for testing a prophet’s ability to foretell future events (Deut 18:22).prophet [Isaiah]: 23“Behold, the #“Virgin” (Gr parthenos) clearly confirms that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus.virgin shall be with child and give birth to a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel”—which, when translated, means, “God with us.” 24Then Joseph awoke from his sleep and did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him, and he took Mary [to his home] as his wife, 25but he kept her a virgin until she had given birth to a Son [her firstborn child]; and he named Him Jesus (The Lord is salvation).