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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Other Wife and Sons
1Abraham had taken#25:1 Or Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah,#1Ch 1:32–33 2and she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were the Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4And Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were sons of Keturah. 5Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac.#Gn 24:35–36 6But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines, and while he was still alive he sent them eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the East.#Gn 21:14
Abraham’s Death
7This is the length of Abraham’s life:#25:7 Lit And these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham that he lived 175 years. 8He took his last breath and died at a good old age,#Gn 15:15; 47:8–9 old and contented,#25:8 Sam, LXX, Syr read full of days and he was gathered to his people.#Gn 25:17; 35:29; 49:29,33 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah#Gn 23:17–18; 49:29–30; 50:13 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hethite. 10This was the field that Abraham bought from the Hethites.#Gn 23:16; 50:13 Abraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, who lived near Beer-lahai-roi.#Gn 16:14; 24:62
Ishmael’s Family Records
12These are the family records#Gn 2:4; 25:19 of Abraham’s son Ishmael,#1Ch 1:29–31 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave, bore to Abraham. 13These are the names of Ishmael’s sons; their names according to the family records are Nebaioth, Ishmael’s firstborn, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their settlements and encampments: twelve leaders#25:16 Or chieftains#Gn 17:20 of their clans.#25:16 Or peoples 17This is the length#25:17 Lit And these are the years of Ishmael’s life: 137 years. He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people. 18And they#25:18 LXX, Vg read he settled from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt as you go toward Asshur.#25:18 Or Assyria He#25:18 = Ishmael and his descendants stayed near#25:18 Or He settled down alongside of all his relatives.#Gn 16:12
The Birth of Jacob and Esau
19These are the family records of Isaac son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac.#Mt 1:2 20Isaac was forty years old when he took as his wife Rebekah#Gn 24:15,29,67 daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram#Gn 22:23 and sister of Laban the Aramean.#Gn 24:29 21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless.#Gn 11:30; 29:31; Ex 23:26; Jdg 13:2–3; 1Sm 2:5; Jb 24:21; Is 54:1; Lk 1:36; 23:29; Gl 4:27; Heb 11:11 The Lord was receptive to his prayer, and his wife Rebekah conceived.#1Sm 1:17; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 33:13; Ezr 8:23; Ps 127:3; Rm 9:10 22But the children inside her struggled with each other, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” #25:22 Lit said, “If thus, why this I?” So she went to inquire of the Lord.#1Sm 9:9; 10:22 23And the Lord said to her:
Two nations are in your womb;
two peoples will come from you and be separated.
One people will be stronger than the other,#2Sm 8:14; Ob 18–21
and the older will serve the younger.#Gn 27:29; Mal 1:2–3; Rm 9:12
24When her time came to give birth, there were indeed twins in her womb. 25The first one came out red-looking,#25:25 In Hb, red-looking sounds like “Edom”; Gn 32:3. covered with hair#25:25 In Hb, hair sounds like “Seir”; Gn 32:3. like a fur coat, and they named him Esau.#Gn 27:11,16,23 26After this, his brother came out grasping Esau’s heel with his hand.#Hs 12:3 So he was named Jacob.#25:26 = He Grasps the Heel#Gn 27:36 Isaac was sixty years old when they were born.
Esau Sells His Birthright
27When the boys grew up, Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman,#25:27 Lit a man of the field but Jacob was a quiet man who stayed at home.#25:27 Lit man living in tents 28Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for wild game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.#Gn 27:4–9
29Once when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field exhausted. 30He said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stuff, because I’m exhausted.” That is why he was also named Edom.#25:30 = Red
31Jacob replied, “First sell me your birthright.”
32“Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die, so what good is a birthright to me?”
33Jacob said, “Swear to me first.” So he swore to Jacob and sold his birthright to him. 34Then Jacob gave bread and lentil stew to Esau; he ate, drank, got up, and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.#Heb 12:16–17
25
1Then again Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] took a wife, and her name [was] K’turah (Incense).
2And she bore him Zimran (musician), and Yokshan (One Who Sets A Snare, or Fowler), and Medan, and Midyan [Strife] (Strife; Place Of Judgment), and Yishbak, and Shuach.
3And Yokshan (One Who Sets A Snare, or Fowler) begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Sh’va (oath; seven; splinters), and D’dan. And the sons of D’dan were Ashurim (level plain; over the flames), and L’tushim (Sharp or Sharpened), and L’umim (Peoples).
4And the sons of Midyan [Strife] (Strife; Place Of Judgment); ‘Eifah (means both: Volant [having the power of flight] and Dark One), and ‘Efer (Young Deer), and Hanokh (Dedicated), and Avida (The Father Knows; my father knows), and Elda’ah ([EL] God has known; God Has Called; Knowledge Of God; God is Knowledge). All these [were] the children of K’turah (Incense).
5And Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] gave all that he had unto Yitz’chak [Laughter].
6But unto the sons of the concubines, which Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] had, Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] gave gifts, and sent them away from Yitz’chak [Laughter] his son, while he yet lived, eastward, unto the east country.
7And these [are] the days of the years of Avraham’s [exalted father/Fly They Will] life which he lived, an hundred threescore and fifteen years.
8Then Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full [of years]; and was gathered to his people.
9And his sons Yitz’chak [Laughter] and Yishma’el (He Will Hear God; God hears [EL]) buried him in the cave of Makhpelah (portion; double cave), in the field of ‘Efron (fawn-like) the son of Tzochar (shining oil; brightness) the Hitti (terrorists), which [is] before Mamre (firmness; fatling (fat cattle) offering);
10The field which Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] purchased of the sons of Het (terror): there was Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] buried, and Sarah [Princess] his wife.
11And it came to pass after the death of Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will], that God-Elōhīm [The Living Word - The Many Powered] Blessed (Favored by God; happy; prosperous) his son Yitz’chak [Laughter]; and Yitz’chak [Laughter] dwelt by the well Be’er-Lachai-Ro’I (the well of the living One who sees).
12Now these [are] the generations of Yishma’el (He Will Hear God; God hears [EL]), Avraham’s [exalted father/Fly They Will] son, whom Hagar (Flight) the Mitzrayimot (People of the Black Land) [the Egyptian] Sarah’s [Princess] female servant, bore unto Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will]:
13And these [are] the names of the sons of Yishma’el, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Yishma’el, N’vayot; and Kedar [dark] (dark), and Adbe’el (chastened of God [EL]), and Mivsam (sweet odour),
14And Mishma (a hearing), and Dumah [Silence] (silence), and Massa (burden),
15Hadad [mighty] (honour), and Teima (desert), Y’tur (enclosed), Nafish (refreshment), and Kedmah (original):
16These [are] the sons of Yishma’el (He Will Hear God; God hears [EL]), and these [are] their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.
17And these [are] the years of the life of Yishma’el (He Will Hear God; God hears [EL]), an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.
18And they dwelt from Havilah (circle, Stretch of Sand) unto Shur [wall] (wall), that [is] before Mitzrayim [Egypt] (Double Distress or Double Stronghold, Black Land), as youi go toward Ashur [the level plain] [the land of the sons of Shem (name, renown (great reputation; being well-known))]: [and] he died in the presence of all his brethren.
19And these [are] the generations of Yitz’chak [Laughter], Avraham’s [exalted father/Fly They Will] son: Avraham [exalted father/Fly They Will] begat (to be father of; be ancestor of) Yitz’chak [Laughter]:
20And Yitz’chak [Laughter] was forty years old when he took Rivkah (Tied Up; Secured) to wife, the daughter of B’tu’el the Arami [Arami [exalted]] (level plain) of Paddan-aram (a place of height; field; plain), the sister to Lavan (to be white; white guy) the Arami [Arami [exalted]] (level plain).
21And Yitz’chak [Laughter] entreated the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) for his wife, because she [was] barren: and the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) was entreated of him, and Rivkah (Tied Up; Secured) his wife conceived.
22And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If [it be] so, why [am] I in this way? And she went to enquire of the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate).
23And the Lord-Yehōvah (Messiah Pre-Incarnate) said unto her, Two nations [are] in youri womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from youri bowels (inward parts; affections); and [the one] people shall be stronger than [the other] people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
24And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, [there were] twins in her womb.
25And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name ‘Esav (hairy).
26And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on ‘Esav’s (hairy) heel; and his name was called Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of): and Yitz’chak [Laughter] [was] threescore years old when she bore them.
27And the boys grew: and ‘Esav (hairy) was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) was a plain man, dwelling in tents.
28And Yitz’chak [Laughter] loved ‘Esav (hairy), because he did eat of [his] venison: but Rivkah (Tied Up; Secured) loved Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of).
29And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) coocked (boiled) pottage [stew]: and ‘Esav (hairy) came from the field, and he [was] faint:
30And ‘Esav (hairy) said to Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of), Feed me, I pray youi, with that same red [pottage]; for I [am] faint: therefore was his name called Edom (red, ruddy (reddish hair or complexion)).
31And Ya’akov said, Sell me this day youri birthright.
32And ‘Esav (hairy) said, Behold, I [am] at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me?
33And Ya’akov (he who holds onto the heel of) said, Swear to me this day; and he swore unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Ya’akov.
34Then Ya’akov gave ‘Esav (hairy) bread and pottage of lentils; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: in this way ‘Esav despised [his] birthright.