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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Other Wife and Sons
1Abraham had taken#25:1 Or Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah,#1Ch 1:32–33 2and she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were the Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4And Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were sons of Keturah. 5Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac.#Gn 24:35–36 6But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines, and while he was still alive he sent them eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the East.#Gn 21:14
Abraham’s Death
7This is the length of Abraham’s life:#25:7 Lit And these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham that he lived 175 years. 8He took his last breath and died at a good old age,#Gn 15:15; 47:8–9 old and contented,#25:8 Sam, LXX, Syr read full of days and he was gathered to his people.#Gn 25:17; 35:29; 49:29,33 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah#Gn 23:17–18; 49:29–30; 50:13 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hethite. 10This was the field that Abraham bought from the Hethites.#Gn 23:16; 50:13 Abraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, who lived near Beer-lahai-roi.#Gn 16:14; 24:62
Ishmael’s Family Records
12These are the family records#Gn 2:4; 25:19 of Abraham’s son Ishmael,#1Ch 1:29–31 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave, bore to Abraham. 13These are the names of Ishmael’s sons; their names according to the family records are Nebaioth, Ishmael’s firstborn, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their settlements and encampments: twelve leaders#25:16 Or chieftains#Gn 17:20 of their clans.#25:16 Or peoples 17This is the length#25:17 Lit And these are the years of Ishmael’s life: 137 years. He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people. 18And they#25:18 LXX, Vg read he settled from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt as you go toward Asshur.#25:18 Or Assyria He#25:18 = Ishmael and his descendants stayed near#25:18 Or He settled down alongside of all his relatives.#Gn 16:12
The Birth of Jacob and Esau
19These are the family records of Isaac son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac.#Mt 1:2 20Isaac was forty years old when he took as his wife Rebekah#Gn 24:15,29,67 daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram#Gn 22:23 and sister of Laban the Aramean.#Gn 24:29 21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless.#Gn 11:30; 29:31; Ex 23:26; Jdg 13:2–3; 1Sm 2:5; Jb 24:21; Is 54:1; Lk 1:36; 23:29; Gl 4:27; Heb 11:11 The Lord was receptive to his prayer, and his wife Rebekah conceived.#1Sm 1:17; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 33:13; Ezr 8:23; Ps 127:3; Rm 9:10 22But the children inside her struggled with each other, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” #25:22 Lit said, “If thus, why this I?” So she went to inquire of the Lord.#1Sm 9:9; 10:22 23And the Lord said to her:
Two nations are in your womb;
two peoples will come from you and be separated.
One people will be stronger than the other,#2Sm 8:14; Ob 18–21
and the older will serve the younger.#Gn 27:29; Mal 1:2–3; Rm 9:12
24When her time came to give birth, there were indeed twins in her womb. 25The first one came out red-looking,#25:25 In Hb, red-looking sounds like “Edom”; Gn 32:3. covered with hair#25:25 In Hb, hair sounds like “Seir”; Gn 32:3. like a fur coat, and they named him Esau.#Gn 27:11,16,23 26After this, his brother came out grasping Esau’s heel with his hand.#Hs 12:3 So he was named Jacob.#25:26 = He Grasps the Heel#Gn 27:36 Isaac was sixty years old when they were born.
Esau Sells His Birthright
27When the boys grew up, Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman,#25:27 Lit a man of the field but Jacob was a quiet man who stayed at home.#25:27 Lit man living in tents 28Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for wild game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.#Gn 27:4–9
29Once when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field exhausted. 30He said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stuff, because I’m exhausted.” That is why he was also named Edom.#25:30 = Red
31Jacob replied, “First sell me your birthright.”
32“Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die, so what good is a birthright to me?”
33Jacob said, “Swear to me first.” So he swore to Jacob and sold his birthright to him. 34Then Jacob gave bread and lentil stew to Esau; he ate, drank, got up, and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.#Heb 12:16–17
25
1Abraham married another wife; her name was Keturah. 2She had the following sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, the Letushites, and the Leummites. 4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. These were all descendants of Keturah.
5Abraham left everything he owned to Isaac. 6But while he was still alive, he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines and sent them to live in the east, well away from Isaac.
7Abraham lived to be 175 8when he breathed his last and died at a good old age. He had lived a full life, and now he joined his forefathers in death. 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah near Mamre, in the field that had belonged to Ephron, son of Zohar, the Hittite. 10This was the field Abraham had bought from the Hittites. Abraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham's death, God blessed his son Isaac, who was living near Beer-lahai-roi.
12This is the genealogy of Abraham's son Ishmael. His mother Hagar was Sarah's Egyptian slave. 13These were the names of the sons of Ishmael according to their family genealogy: Nebaioth (firstborn), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These were the sons of Ishmael, and these became the names of the places where they lived and camped—the twelve family rulers of their tribes. 17Ishmael lived to be 137. Then he breathed his last and died, and joined his forefathers in death. 18Ishmael's descendants inhabited the region from Havilah to Shur, near the border of Egypt in the direction of Asshur. They were forever fighting with one other.#25:18. The Hebrew of this verse is unclear. However, see 16:12.
19The following is the genealogy of Abraham's son Isaac. Abraham was the father of Isaac. 20When Isaac was 40 he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram and the sister of Laban the Aramean.
21Isaac prayed to the Lord for help on behalf of his wife because she couldn't have children. The Lord answered his prayer and she became pregnant. 22The twin babies inside her struggled with each other. So she asked the Lord, “Why is this happening to me?”
23“You have two nations inside you,” the Lord replied. “You're going to give birth to two peoples who will compete against each other. One will be stronger than the other; the older one will be the servant of the younger one.”
24When the time came she gave birth to twins. 25The first baby to be born was red, and covered with hair like a coat. So they named him Esau.#25:25. Esau sounds like the word for “hair.” 26Then his twin brother was born, holding on to Esau's heel. So he was named Jacob.#25:26. Jacob sounds like the words “heel” or “deceiver.” Isaac was 60 when they were born.
27The boys grew up and Esau became a skilled hunter, at home in the countryside. Jacob was quiet and liked to stay at home in the tents. 28Isaac loved Esau because he brought him tasty wild game to eat, while Rebekah loved Jacob.
29One day Jacob was cooking some stew when Esau got back from the countryside, tired out and starving hungry. 30“Give me some of that red stew,” Esau told Jacob. “I'm absolutely starving!” (That's how Esau got his other name, “Edom,” meaning “red.”)
31“First sell me your rights as the firstborn son,” Jacob replied.
32“Look! I'm dying here! What use are the rights of the firstborn to me?” Esau declared.
33“First you have to swear to me,” Jacob demanded. So Esau swore an oath selling his rights of the firstborn to Jacob. 34Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew. He ate and drank, and then he got up and left. By doing this Esau showed how little he cared for his rights as the firstborn son.