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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Other Wife and Sons
1Abraham had taken#25:1 Or Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah,#1Ch 1:32–33 2and she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were the Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4And Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were sons of Keturah. 5Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac.#Gn 24:35–36 6But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines, and while he was still alive he sent them eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the East.#Gn 21:14
Abraham’s Death
7This is the length of Abraham’s life:#25:7 Lit And these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham that he lived 175 years. 8He took his last breath and died at a good old age,#Gn 15:15; 47:8–9 old and contented,#25:8 Sam, LXX, Syr read full of days and he was gathered to his people.#Gn 25:17; 35:29; 49:29,33 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah#Gn 23:17–18; 49:29–30; 50:13 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hethite. 10This was the field that Abraham bought from the Hethites.#Gn 23:16; 50:13 Abraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, who lived near Beer-lahai-roi.#Gn 16:14; 24:62
Ishmael’s Family Records
12These are the family records#Gn 2:4; 25:19 of Abraham’s son Ishmael,#1Ch 1:29–31 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave, bore to Abraham. 13These are the names of Ishmael’s sons; their names according to the family records are Nebaioth, Ishmael’s firstborn, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their settlements and encampments: twelve leaders#25:16 Or chieftains#Gn 17:20 of their clans.#25:16 Or peoples 17This is the length#25:17 Lit And these are the years of Ishmael’s life: 137 years. He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people. 18And they#25:18 LXX, Vg read he settled from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt as you go toward Asshur.#25:18 Or Assyria He#25:18 = Ishmael and his descendants stayed near#25:18 Or He settled down alongside of all his relatives.#Gn 16:12
The Birth of Jacob and Esau
19These are the family records of Isaac son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac.#Mt 1:2 20Isaac was forty years old when he took as his wife Rebekah#Gn 24:15,29,67 daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram#Gn 22:23 and sister of Laban the Aramean.#Gn 24:29 21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless.#Gn 11:30; 29:31; Ex 23:26; Jdg 13:2–3; 1Sm 2:5; Jb 24:21; Is 54:1; Lk 1:36; 23:29; Gl 4:27; Heb 11:11 The Lord was receptive to his prayer, and his wife Rebekah conceived.#1Sm 1:17; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 33:13; Ezr 8:23; Ps 127:3; Rm 9:10 22But the children inside her struggled with each other, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” #25:22 Lit said, “If thus, why this I?” So she went to inquire of the Lord.#1Sm 9:9; 10:22 23And the Lord said to her:
Two nations are in your womb;
two peoples will come from you and be separated.
One people will be stronger than the other,#2Sm 8:14; Ob 18–21
and the older will serve the younger.#Gn 27:29; Mal 1:2–3; Rm 9:12
24When her time came to give birth, there were indeed twins in her womb. 25The first one came out red-looking,#25:25 In Hb, red-looking sounds like “Edom”; Gn 32:3. covered with hair#25:25 In Hb, hair sounds like “Seir”; Gn 32:3. like a fur coat, and they named him Esau.#Gn 27:11,16,23 26After this, his brother came out grasping Esau’s heel with his hand.#Hs 12:3 So he was named Jacob.#25:26 = He Grasps the Heel#Gn 27:36 Isaac was sixty years old when they were born.
Esau Sells His Birthright
27When the boys grew up, Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman,#25:27 Lit a man of the field but Jacob was a quiet man who stayed at home.#25:27 Lit man living in tents 28Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for wild game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.#Gn 27:4–9
29Once when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field exhausted. 30He said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stuff, because I’m exhausted.” That is why he was also named Edom.#25:30 = Red
31Jacob replied, “First sell me your birthright.”
32“Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die, so what good is a birthright to me?”
33Jacob said, “Swear to me first.” So he swore to Jacob and sold his birthright to him. 34Then Jacob gave bread and lentil stew to Esau; he ate, drank, got up, and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.#Heb 12:16–17
25
1And Abraham took another wife, and her name was Keturah. 2And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. 3And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim. 4And the sons of Midian: Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah. 5And Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac. 6But unto the sons of the concubines, that Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts; and he sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward, unto the east country. 7And these are the days of the years of Abraham’s life which he lived, a hundred threescore and fifteen years. 8And Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years, and was gathered to his people. 9And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre; 10the field which Abraham purchased of the children of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife. 11And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed Isaac his son: and Isaac dwelt by Beer-lahai-roi.
12Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s handmaid, bare unto Abraham: 13and these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the first-born of Ishmael, Nebaioth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, 14and Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, 15Hadad, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: 16these are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages, and by their encampments; twelve princes according to their nations. 17And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, a hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died, and was gathered unto his people. 18And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: he abode over against all his brethren.
19And these are the generations of Isaac, Abraham’s son: Abraham begat Isaac: 20and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Paddan-aram, the sister of Laban the Syrian, to be his wife. 21And Isaac entreated Jehovah for his wife, because she was barren: and Jehovah was entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, wherefore do I live? And she went to inquire of Jehovah. 23And Jehovah said unto her,
Two nations are in thy womb,
And two peoples shall be separated from thy bowels:
And the one people shall be stronger than the other people;
And the elder shall serve the younger.
24And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25And the first came forth red, all over like a hairy garment; and they called his name Esau. 26And after that came forth his brother, and his hand had hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.
27And the boys grew: and Esau was a skilful hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a quiet man, dwelling in tents. 28Now Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison: and Rebekah loved Jacob. 29And Jacob boiled pottage: and Esau came in from the field, and he was faint: 30and Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom. 31And Jacob said, Sell me first thy birthright. 32And Esau said, Behold, I am about to die: and what profit shall the birthright do to me? 33And Jacob said, Swear to me first; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob. 34And Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentils; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: so Esau despised his birthright.