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Genesis 25

25
Abraham’s Other Wife and Sons
1Abraham had taken#25:1 Or Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah,#1Ch 1:32–33 2and she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were the Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4And Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were sons of Keturah. 5Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac.#Gn 24:35–36 6But Abraham gave gifts to the sons of his concubines, and while he was still alive he sent them eastward, away from his son Isaac, to the land of the East.#Gn 21:14
Abraham’s Death
7This is the length of Abraham’s life:#25:7 Lit And these are the days of the years of the life of Abraham that he lived 175 years. 8He took his last breath and died at a good old age,#Gn 15:15; 47:8–9 old and contented,#25:8 Sam, LXX, Syr read full of days and he was gathered to his people.#Gn 25:17; 35:29; 49:29,33 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah#Gn 23:17–18; 49:29–30; 50:13 near Mamre, in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hethite. 10This was the field that Abraham bought from the Hethites.#Gn 23:16; 50:13 Abraham was buried there with his wife Sarah. 11After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, who lived near Beer-lahai-roi.#Gn 16:14; 24:62
Ishmael’s Family Records
12These are the family records#Gn 2:4; 25:19 of Abraham’s son Ishmael,#1Ch 1:29–31 whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave, bore to Abraham. 13These are the names of Ishmael’s sons; their names according to the family records are Nebaioth, Ishmael’s firstborn, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16These are Ishmael’s sons, and these are their names by their settlements and encampments: twelve leaders#25:16 Or chieftains#Gn 17:20 of their clans.#25:16 Or peoples 17This is the length#25:17 Lit And these are the years of Ishmael’s life: 137 years. He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people. 18And they#25:18 LXX, Vg read he settled from Havilah to Shur, which is opposite Egypt as you go toward Asshur.#25:18 Or Assyria He#25:18 = Ishmael and his descendants stayed near#25:18 Or He settled down alongside of all his relatives.#Gn 16:12
The Birth of Jacob and Esau
19These are the family records of Isaac son of Abraham. Abraham fathered Isaac.#Mt 1:2 20Isaac was forty years old when he took as his wife Rebekah#Gn 24:15,29,67 daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan-aram#Gn 22:23 and sister of Laban the Aramean.#Gn 24:29 21Isaac prayed to the Lord on behalf of his wife because she was childless.#Gn 11:30; 29:31; Ex 23:26; Jdg 13:2–3; 1Sm 2:5; Jb 24:21; Is 54:1; Lk 1:36; 23:29; Gl 4:27; Heb 11:11 The Lord was receptive to his prayer, and his wife Rebekah conceived.#1Sm 1:17; 1Ch 5:20; 2Ch 33:13; Ezr 8:23; Ps 127:3; Rm 9:10 22But the children inside her struggled with each other, and she said, “Why is this happening to me?” #25:22 Lit said, “If thus, why this I?” So she went to inquire of the Lord.#1Sm 9:9; 10:22 23And the Lord said to her:
Two nations are in your womb;
two peoples will come from you and be separated.
One people will be stronger than the other,#2Sm 8:14; Ob 18–21
and the older will serve the younger.#Gn 27:29; Mal 1:2–3; Rm 9:12
24When her time came to give birth, there were indeed twins in her womb. 25The first one came out red-looking,#25:25 In Hb, red-looking sounds like “Edom”; Gn 32:3. covered with hair#25:25 In Hb, hair sounds like “Seir”; Gn 32:3. like a fur coat, and they named him Esau.#Gn 27:11,16,23 26After this, his brother came out grasping Esau’s heel with his hand.#Hs 12:3 So he was named Jacob.#25:26 = He Grasps the Heel#Gn 27:36 Isaac was sixty years old when they were born.
Esau Sells His Birthright
27When the boys grew up, Esau became an expert hunter, an outdoorsman,#25:27 Lit a man of the field but Jacob was a quiet man who stayed at home.#25:27 Lit man living in tents 28Isaac loved Esau because he had a taste for wild game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.#Gn 27:4–9
29Once when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the field exhausted. 30He said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stuff, because I’m exhausted.” That is why he was also named Edom.#25:30 = Red
31Jacob replied, “First sell me your birthright.”
32“Look,” said Esau, “I’m about to die, so what good is a birthright to me?”
33Jacob said, “Swear to me first.” So he swore to Jacob and sold his birthright to him. 34Then Jacob gave bread and lentil stew to Esau; he ate, drank, got up, and went away. So Esau despised his birthright.#Heb 12:16–17

Genesis 25

25
Abraham and Keturah’s children
1Abraham married another wife, named Keturah. 2The children she bore him were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 3Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s sons were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. 4Midian’s sons were Ephah, Epher, Enoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All of these were Keturah’s sons. 5Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac. 6To the sons of Abraham’s secondary wives, Abraham gave gifts and, while he was still living, sent them away from his son Isaac to land in the east.
Abraham’s death
7Abraham lived to the age of 175. 8Abraham took his last breath and died after a good long life, a content old man, and he was placed with his ancestors. 9His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave in Machpelah, which is in the field of Zohar’s son Ephron the Hittite, near Mamre. 10Thus Abraham and his wife Sarah were both buried in the field Abraham had purchased from the Hittites. 11After Abraham’s death, God blessed his son Isaac, and Isaac lived in Beer-lahai-roi.
Ishmael’s descendants
12These are the descendants of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s servant, bore for Abraham. 13These are the names of Ishmael’s sons, by their names and according to their birth order: Nebaioth, Ishmael’s oldest son; Kedar; Adbeel; Mibsam; 14Mishma; Dumah; Massa; 15Hadad; Tema; Jetur; Naphish; and Kedemah. 16These are Ishmael’s sons. These are their names by their villages and their settlements: twelve tribal leaders according to their tribes. 17Ishmael lived to the age of 137. He took his last breath and died, and was placed with his ancestors. 18He established camps#25.18 LXX; MT they established camps from Havilah to Shur, which is near Egypt on the road to Assyria. He died#25.18 Or He fell among all of his brothers.
Jacob and Esau are born
19These are the descendants of Isaac, Abraham’s son. Abraham became the father of Isaac. 20Isaac was 40 years old when he married Rebekah the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean and the sister of Laban the Aramean, from Paddan-aram. 21Isaac prayed to the LORD for his wife, since she was unable to have children. The LORD was moved by his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22But the boys pushed against each other inside of her, and she said, “If this is what it’s like, why did it happen to me?”#25.22 Heb uncertain
So she went to ask the LORD. 23And the LORD said to her,
“Two nations are in your womb;
two different peoples will emerge from your body.
One people will be stronger than the other;
the older will serve the younger.”
24When she reached the end of her pregnancy, she discovered that she had twins. 25The first came out red all over, clothed with hair, and she named him Esau. 26Immediately afterward, his brother came out gripping Esau’s heel, and she named him Jacob. Isaac was 60 years old when they were born.
Jacob acquires the oldest son’s rights
27When the young men grew up, Esau became an outdoorsman who knew how to hunt, and Jacob became a quiet man who stayed at home. 28Isaac loved Esau because he enjoyed eating game, but Rebekah loved Jacob. 29Once when Jacob was boiling stew, Esau came in from the field hungry 30and said to Jacob, “I’m starving! Let me devour some of this red stuff.” That’s why his name is Edom.#25.30 Or red
31Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright#25.31 Or oldest son’s rights today.”
32Esau said, “Since I’m going to die anyway, what good is my birthright to me?”
33Jacob said, “Give me your word today.” And he did. He sold his birthright to Jacob. 34So Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew. He ate, drank, got up, and left, showing just how little he thought of his birthright.