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Genesis 10

10
The Table of Nations
1These are the family records#Gn 2:4 of Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. They also had sons after the flood.
2Japheth’s sons:#1Ch 1:5–7; Ezk 38:1–6 Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3Gomer’s sons: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4And Javan’s sons: Elishah, Tarshish,#1Kg 10:22; Is 2:16 Kittim, and Dodanim.#10:4 Some Hb mss, LXX read Rodanim; 1Ch 1:7 5From these descendants, the peoples of the coasts and islands spread out into their lands according to their clans in their nations, each with its own language.
6Ham’s sons:#1Ch 1:8–10 Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 7Cush’s sons: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. And Raamah’s sons: Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush fathered Nimrod, who began to be powerful in the land. 9He was a powerful hunter in the sight of the Lord. That is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a powerful hunter in the sight of the Lord.” 10His kingdom started with Babylon,#Gn 11:9 Erech,#10:10 Or Uruk Accad,#10:10 Or Akkad and Calneh,#10:10 Or and all of them in the land of Shinar.#10:10 Or in Babylonia#Gn 11:2; 14:1 11From that land he went to Assyria#Mc 5:6 and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah, 12and Resen, between Nineveh and the great city Calah.
13Mizraim#10:13 = Egypt#1Ch 1:11–16 fathered the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh, 14Pathrus, Casluh (the Philistines came from them), and Caphtor.#Jr 47:4; Am 9:7
15Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16as well as the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites,#Gn 15:19–21 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the Canaanite clans scattered. 19The Canaanite border went from Sidon going toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and going toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim as far as Lasha.
20These are Ham’s sons by their clans, according to their languages, in their lands and their nations.
21And Shem, Japheth’s older brother, also had sons. Shem was the father of all the sons of Eber.#Gn 11:13–14 22Shem’s sons#1Ch 1:17–23 were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
23Aram’s sons: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24Arpachshad fathered#10:24 LXX reads fathered Cainan, and Cainan fathered; Gn 11:12–13; Lk 3:35–36 Shelah,#Gn 11:12; Lk 3:35 and Shelah fathered Eber. 25Eber had two sons. One was named Peleg,#10:25 = Division for during his days the earth was divided;#Gn 11:8; Ps 55:9 his brother was named Joktan. 26And Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were Joktan’s sons. 30Their settlements extended from Mesha to Sephar, the eastern hill country.
31These are Shem’s sons by their clans, according to their languages, in their lands and their nations.
32These are the clans of Noah’s sons, according to their family records, in their nations. The nations on earth spread out from these after the flood.#Gn 9:19
10
The Table of Nations
1#Ge 2:4Now these are the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah. And sons were born to them after the flood.
The Japhethites
1Ch 1:5–7
2#Eze 38:2; 38:6; 1Ch 1:5–7The sons of Japheth were
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek, and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer were
Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4#Nu 24:24; Isa 23:1The sons of Javan were
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. 5#Ge 10:20; Jer 2:10From these the coastlands of the nations were divided#Or separated themselves. into their lands, everyone according to his tongue, according to their families, by their nations.
The Hamites
1Ch 1:8–16
6The sons of Ham were
Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
7#Eze 27:22; 27:15The sons of Cush were
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteka;
and the sons of Raamah were
Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was the father of Nimrod. He became a mighty one on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord. Therefore it is said, “Even like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10#Ge 11:2; 11:9The beginning of his kingdom was Babel,#Or Babylon. Uruk, Akkad, and Kalneh in the land of Shinar. 11#Mic 5:6; Ps 83:8From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, the city Rehoboth Ir, and Calah, 12and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city).
13#1Ch 1:11–12; Jer 46:9Egypt was the father of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14#Jer 47:4; Dt 2:23Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorites.
15#Ge 15:18–21; 1Ch 1:13Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 19#Ge 14:2The border of the Canaanites was from Sidon toward Gerar to Gaza, and then to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.
20These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands and in their nations.
The Semites
Ge 11:10–27; 1Ch 1:17–27
21#Nu 24:24To Shem, who was the father of all the children of Eber, whose older brother was Japheth,#Or the older brother of Japheth. were sons born also.
22#Isa 66:19The sons of Shem were
Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23#Job 1:1; Jer 25:20The sons of Aram were
Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshek.
24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,
and Shelah was the father of Eber.
25#1Ch 1:19To Eber were born two sons.
The name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; his brother’s name was Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of
Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29#1Ki 9:28Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.
30Their dwelling place was from Mesha all the way to Sephar, the hill country of the east.
31#Ge 10:5; 10:20These are the sons of Shem, by their families and their language, in their lands and their nations.
32#Ge 9:19; 10:1These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, in their nations. From these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.