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Genesis 3

3
The Fall of Man
1Now the serpent was more crafty (subtle, skilled in deceit) than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And #The relationship between Satan and the serpent is not made clear, but Satan is identified with the serpent later in Rev 12:9, 14, 15, and 20:2. It seems difficult to believe that Eve would not have been suspicious of a talking creature, but at this point in time Eve probably knew next to nothing about animals; and in any case, the serpent, as it existed before the curse (v 14), was a very different creature from the reptile that is familiar to us today.the serpent (Satan) said to the woman, “Can it really be that God has said, ‘You shall not eat from #Or every.any tree of the garden’?” 2And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees of the garden, 3except the fruit from the tree which is in the middle of the garden. God said, ‘You shall not eat from it nor touch it, otherwise you will die.’ ” 4But the serpent said to the woman, “You certainly will not die! 5For God knows that on the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened [that is, you will have greater awareness], and you will be like God, knowing [the difference between] good and evil.” 6And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was delightful to look at, and a tree to be desired in order to make one wise and insightful, she took some of its fruit and ate it; and she also gave some to her husband #This may have been sometime later. Jewish tradition said that Adam was absent at the time of Eve’s conversation with the serpent (according to the Talmud).with her, and he ate. 7Then the eyes of the two of them were opened [that is, their awareness increased], and they knew that they were naked; and they fastened fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.
8And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool [afternoon breeze] of the day, so the man and his wife hid and kept themselves hidden from the #Lit face.presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9But the Lord God called to Adam, and said to him, “Where are you?” 10He said, “I heard the sound of You [walking] in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.” 11God said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten [fruit] from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” 12And the man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me—she gave me [fruit] from the tree, and I ate it.” 13Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent beguiled and deceived me, and I ate [from the forbidden tree].” 14The Lord God said to the serpent,
“Because you have done this,
You are cursed more than all the cattle,
And more than any animal of the field;
On your belly you shall go,
And dust you shall eat
All the days of your life.
15And I will put enmity (open hostility)
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed (offspring) and her #Many consider this verse the protevangelium, the first announcement of the gospel. This is the first prophecy about the Messiah (Christ), who through His death on the cross and resurrection would ultimately defeat Satan, the power behind the serpent, with a death blow. See Is 9:6; Matt 1:23; Luke 1:31; Rom 16:20; Gal 4:4; Rev 12:17.Seed;
He shall [fatally] bruise your head,
And you shall [only] bruise His heel.”
16To the woman He said,
“I will greatly multiply
Your pain in childbirth;
In pain you will give birth to children;
Yet your desire and longing will be for your husband,
And he will rule [with authority] over you and be responsible for you.”
17Then to Adam the Lord God said, “Because you have listened [attentively] to the voice of your wife, and have eaten [fruit] from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’;
The ground is [now] under a curse because of you;
In sorrow and toil you shall eat [the fruit] of it
All the days of your life.
18Both thorns and thistles it shall grow for you;
And you shall eat the plants of the field.
19By the sweat of your face
You will eat bread
Until you return to the ground,
For from it you were taken;
For you are dust,
And to dust you shall return.”
20The man named his wife Eve (life spring, life giver), because she was the mother of all the living. 21The Lord God made tunics of [animal] skins for Adam and his wife and clothed them.
22And the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us (Father, Son, Holy Spirit), knowing [how to distinguish between] good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take from the tree of life as well, and eat [its fruit], and live [in this fallen, sinful condition] forever”— 23therefore the Lord God sent Adam away from the Garden of Eden, to till and cultivate the ground from which he was taken. 24So God drove the man out; and at the east of the Garden of Eden He [permanently] stationed the #Cherubim are ministering angelic beings who avenge assaults on God’s holiness.cherubim and the sword with the flashing blade which turned round and round [in every direction] to protect and guard the way (entrance, access) to the tree of life.
3
The Fall
1Now the serpent was more crafty than any other wild animal#Literally “animal of the field” which Yahweh God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God indeed say, ‘You shall not eat from any tree in the garden’?” 2The woman said to the serpent, “From the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat, 3but from the tree that is in the midst of the garden, God said, ‘You shall not eat from it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die’.” 4But the serpent said to the woman, “You shall not surely die. 5For God knows that on the day you both eat from it, then your eyes will be opened and you both shall be like gods,#The plural is in the context of v. 22 “one of us” and the plural suffix pronouns 〚“you all”〛 throughout the verse knowing good and evil.” 6When#Or “And” the woman saw that the tree was good for food and that it was a delight to the eyes, and the tree was desirable to make one wise, then#Or “and” she took from its fruit and she ate. And she gave it also to her husband with her, and he ate. 7Then#Or “And” the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed together fig leaves and they made for themselves coverings.
8Then#Or “And” they heard the sound of Yahweh God walking in the garden at the windy time of day.#Literally “at the wind of the day” And the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Yahweh God among the trees of the garden. 9And Yahweh God called to the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article and said to him, “Where are you?” 10And he replied,#Literally “And he said”; “replied” distinguishes Adam as the speaker “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid because I am naked, so I hid myself.” 11Then he#That is, Yahweh God asked,#Or “said” “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree from which I forbade you to eat?”#Literally “the tree which I commanded to not eat from it” 12And the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article replied,#Or “said” “The woman whom you gave to be with me—she gave to me from the tree and I ate.” 13Then#Or “And” Yahweh God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” 14Then#Or “And” Yahweh God said to the serpent,
“Because you have done this,
you will be cursed
more than any domesticated animal
and more than any wild animal.#Literally “animal of the earth/land”
On your belly you shall go
and dust you shall eat
all the days of your life.
15And I will put hostility
between you and between the woman,
and between your offspring#Literally “seed” and between her offspring;#Literally “seed”
he will strike you on the head,
and you will strike him on the heel.”
16To the woman he said,
“I will greatly increase
your pain in childbearing;#Literally “your pain and your childbearing”
in pain you shall bear children.
And to your husband shall be your desire.
And he shall rule over you.”
17And to Adam#The noun lacks the definite article and is taken as a proper noun in this context he said, “Because you listened to the voice of your wife and you ate from the tree from which I forbade you to eat,#Literally “from the tree which I commanded saying not to eat from it”
the ground shall be cursed on your account.
In pain you shall eat from it
all the days of your life.
18And thorns and thistles shall sprout for you,
and you shall eat the plants of the field.
19By the sweat of your brow#Literally “your face”
you shall eat bread,
until your return to the ground.
For from it you were taken;
for you are dust,
and to dust you shall return.”
20And the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article named#Literally “called the name” his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all life. 21And Yahweh God made for Adam#The noun lacks the definite article and is taken as a proper noun in this context and for his wife garments of skin, and he clothed them.
22And Yahweh God said, “Look—the man has become as one of us, to know good and evil. What if#Literally “And now lest” he stretches out his hand and takes also from the tree of life and eats, and lives forever?” 23And Yahweh God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from which he was taken. 24So#Or “And” he drove the man out, and placed cherubim east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming, turning sword#Literally “a flame of the sword which was turning” to guard the way to the tree of life.