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Genesis 2

2
The Creation of Man and Woman
1So the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts (inhabitants). 2And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested (ceased) on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3So God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it [as His own, that is, set it apart as holy from other days], because in it He rested from all His work which He had created and done.
4This is the history of [the origin of] the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day [that is, days of creation] that the #Heb YHWH (Yahweh), the Hebrew name of God which traditionally is not pronounced by the Jews, usually rendered Lord. See front material, Principles of Translation.Lord God made the earth and the heavens— 5no shrub or plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to #Lit work.cultivate the ground, 6but a #Or flow of water.mist (fog, dew, vapor) used to rise from the land and water the entire surface of the ground— 7then the Lord God #The word is “formed” (Heb yatsar), but in 1:26, 27 the action is described with the Hebrew word “created” (Heb bara).formed [that is, created the body of] man from the #The essential chemical elements found in soil are also found in humans and animals. This scientific fact was not discovered until recent times, but God is displaying it here.dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being [an individual complete in body and spirit]. 8And the Lord God #This is a reference, not to the creation of plant life in general, but to the planting of specific plants in the Garden of Eden (2:8, 9).planted a garden (oasis) in the east, in Eden (delight, land of happiness); and He put the man whom He had formed (created) there. 9And [in that garden] the Lord God caused to grow from the ground every tree that is desirable and pleasing to the sight and good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the [experiential] knowledge (recognition) of [the difference between] good and evil.
10Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [branching] rivers. 11The first [river] is named Pishon; it flows around the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12The gold of that land is good; bdellium (a fragrant, valuable resin) and the #It is often difficult to match the names or descriptions of ancient gems and other materials with their contemporary equivalents. Modern research indicates this may instead be carnelian, a red gemstone.onyx stone are found there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the entire land of Cush [in Mesopotamia]. 14The third river is named Hiddekel (Tigris); it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15So the Lord God took the man [He had made] and settled him in the Garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely (unconditionally) eat [the fruit] from every tree of the garden; 17but [only] from the tree of the knowledge (recognition) of good and evil you shall not eat, otherwise on the day that you eat from it, you shall most certainly #Both spiritually and physically, physical death in the sense of becoming mortal; they were created immortal.die [because of your disobedience].”
18Now the Lord God said, “It is not good (beneficial) for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper [one who balances him—a counterpart who is] #Lit like his opposite.suitable and complementary for him.” 19So the Lord God formed out of the ground every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20And the man gave names to all the livestock, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for Adam there was not found a helper [that was] suitable (a companion) for him. 21So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and while he slept, He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22And the rib which the Lord God had taken from the man He made (fashioned, formed) into a woman, and He brought her and presented her to the man. 23Then Adam said,
“This is now bone of my bones,
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called Woman,
Because she was taken out of Man.”
24For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed or embarrassed.
2
1Thus the heavens and the earth, and #Ps. 33:6all the host of them, were finished. 2#Ex. 20:9–11; 31:17; Heb. 4:4, 10And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3Then God #(Is. 58:13)blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.
4#Gen. 1:1; Ps. 90:1, 2This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, 5before any #Gen. 1:11, 12plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not #Gen. 7:4; Job 5:10; 38:26–28caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man #Gen. 3:23to till the ground; 6but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.
7And the Lord God formed man of the #Gen. 3:19, 23; Ps. 103:14dust of the ground, and #Job 33:4breathed into his #Gen. 7:22nostrils the breath of life; and #1 Cor. 15:45man became a living being.
Life in God’s Garden
8The Lord God planted #Is. 51:3a garden #Gen. 3:23, 24eastward in #Gen. 4:16Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed. 9And out of the ground the Lord God made #Ezek. 31:8every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. #(Gen. 3:22; Rev. 2:7; 22:2, 14)The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and #(Deut. 1:39)evil.
10Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. 11The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts #Gen. 25:18the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12And the gold of that land is good. #Num. 11:7Bdellium and the onyx stone are there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes around the whole land of Cush. 14The name of the third river is #Dan. 10:4Hiddekel; it is the one which goes toward the east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.
15Then the Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; 17but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil #Gen. 3:1, 3, 11, 17you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it #Gen. 3:3, 19; (Rom. 6:23)you shall surely #Rom. 5:12; 1 Cor. 15:21, 22die.”
18And the Lord God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; #1 Cor. 11:8, 9; 1 Tim. 2:13I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 19#Gen. 1:20, 24Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and #Ps. 8:6brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. 20So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him.
21And the Lord God caused a #Gen. 15:12; 1 Sam. 26:12deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place. 22Then the rib which the Lord God had taken from man He made into a woman, #Gen. 3:20; 1 Tim. 2:13and He #Heb. 13:4brought her to the man.
23And Adam said:
“This is now #Gen. 29:14; Eph. 5:28–30bone of my bones
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called Woman,
Because she was #1 Cor. 11:8, 9taken out of Man.”
24#Matt. 19:5; Eph. 5:31Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and #Mark 10:6–8; 1 Cor. 6:16be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.
25#Gen. 3:7, 10And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not #Is. 47:3ashamed.