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Genesis 2

2
The Creation of Man and Woman
1So the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts (inhabitants). 2And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested (ceased) on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3So God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it [as His own, that is, set it apart as holy from other days], because in it He rested from all His work which He had created and done.
4This is the history of [the origin of] the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day [that is, days of creation] that the #Heb YHWH (Yahweh), the Hebrew name of God which traditionally is not pronounced by the Jews, usually rendered Lord. See front material, Principles of Translation.Lord God made the earth and the heavens— 5no shrub or plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to #Lit work.cultivate the ground, 6but a #Or flow of water.mist (fog, dew, vapor) used to rise from the land and water the entire surface of the ground— 7then the Lord God #The word is “formed” (Heb yatsar), but in 1:26, 27 the action is described with the Hebrew word “created” (Heb bara).formed [that is, created the body of] man from the #The essential chemical elements found in soil are also found in humans and animals. This scientific fact was not discovered until recent times, but God is displaying it here.dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being [an individual complete in body and spirit]. 8And the Lord God #This is a reference, not to the creation of plant life in general, but to the planting of specific plants in the Garden of Eden (2:8, 9).planted a garden (oasis) in the east, in Eden (delight, land of happiness); and He put the man whom He had formed (created) there. 9And [in that garden] the Lord God caused to grow from the ground every tree that is desirable and pleasing to the sight and good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the [experiential] knowledge (recognition) of [the difference between] good and evil.
10Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [branching] rivers. 11The first [river] is named Pishon; it flows around the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12The gold of that land is good; bdellium (a fragrant, valuable resin) and the #It is often difficult to match the names or descriptions of ancient gems and other materials with their contemporary equivalents. Modern research indicates this may instead be carnelian, a red gemstone.onyx stone are found there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the entire land of Cush [in Mesopotamia]. 14The third river is named Hiddekel (Tigris); it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15So the Lord God took the man [He had made] and settled him in the Garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely (unconditionally) eat [the fruit] from every tree of the garden; 17but [only] from the tree of the knowledge (recognition) of good and evil you shall not eat, otherwise on the day that you eat from it, you shall most certainly #Both spiritually and physically, physical death in the sense of becoming mortal; they were created immortal.die [because of your disobedience].”
18Now the Lord God said, “It is not good (beneficial) for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper [one who balances him—a counterpart who is] #Lit like his opposite.suitable and complementary for him.” 19So the Lord God formed out of the ground every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20And the man gave names to all the livestock, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for Adam there was not found a helper [that was] suitable (a companion) for him. 21So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and while he slept, He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22And the rib which the Lord God had taken from the man He made (fashioned, formed) into a woman, and He brought her and presented her to the man. 23Then Adam said,
“This is now bone of my bones,
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called Woman,
Because she was taken out of Man.”
24For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed or embarrassed.
2
1#Dt 4:19; 17:3So the heavens and the earth, and all their hosts, were finished.
2#Ex 31:17; Heb 4:4On the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3#Lev 23:3; Mk 2:27Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it He had rested from all His work which He had created and made.
Adam and Eve
4#Ge 1:4; Ex 15:3This is the account#Or will bless themselves. of the heavens and the earth when they were created.
In the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, 5#Ge 1:11–12; 3:23no shrub of the field was yet on the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground. 6But a mist#Or flow. arose from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground. 7#Ge 3:19; 1Co 15:45; Ps 103:14Then the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being.
8#Ge 13:10; Eze 28:13The Lord God planted a garden in the east, in Eden, and there He placed the man whom He had formed. 9#Ge 3:22; Rev 2:7; 22:2Out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, along with the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
10#Ps 46:4A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four rivers. 11#Ge 25:18; 10:7The name of the first is Pishon; it encompasses the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12The gold of that land is good; bdellium and the onyx stone are there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon; it encompasses the whole land of Cush. 14#Da 10:4; Ge 15:18The name of the third river is Tigris; it goes toward the east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.
15#Ge 2:8The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to till it and to keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat, 17#Ro 6:23; Ge 3:19; Jas 1:15but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
18#Ge 3:12; 1:31Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone. I will make him a helper suitable for him.”
19#Ge 1:28Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. Whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name. 20The man gave names to all the livestock, to the birds of the sky, and to every beast of the field, but for Adam#MT the man, or the Adam. there was not found a helper suitable for him.
21#Ge 15:12; 1Sa 26:12So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept. Then He took one of his ribs and closed up the place with flesh. 22Then the rib which the Lord God had taken from man, He made into a woman, and He brought her to the man.
23#Ge 29:14; Jdg 9:2Then Adam said,
“This is now bone of my bones
and flesh of my flesh;
she will be called Woman,
for she was taken out of Man.”
24#Ps 45:10; 1Co 7:10–11Therefore a man will leave his father and his mother and be joined to his wife, and they will become one flesh.
25#Ge 3:7; 3:10–11They were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.