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Genesis 2

2
The Creation of Man and Woman
1So the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts (inhabitants). 2And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested (ceased) on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3So God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it [as His own, that is, set it apart as holy from other days], because in it He rested from all His work which He had created and done.
4This is the history of [the origin of] the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day [that is, days of creation] that the #Heb YHWH (Yahweh), the Hebrew name of God which traditionally is not pronounced by the Jews, usually rendered Lord. See front material, Principles of Translation.Lord God made the earth and the heavens— 5no shrub or plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to #Lit work.cultivate the ground, 6but a #Or flow of water.mist (fog, dew, vapor) used to rise from the land and water the entire surface of the ground— 7then the Lord God #The word is “formed” (Heb yatsar), but in 1:26, 27 the action is described with the Hebrew word “created” (Heb bara).formed [that is, created the body of] man from the #The essential chemical elements found in soil are also found in humans and animals. This scientific fact was not discovered until recent times, but God is displaying it here.dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and the man became a living being [an individual complete in body and spirit]. 8And the Lord God #This is a reference, not to the creation of plant life in general, but to the planting of specific plants in the Garden of Eden (2:8, 9).planted a garden (oasis) in the east, in Eden (delight, land of happiness); and He put the man whom He had formed (created) there. 9And [in that garden] the Lord God caused to grow from the ground every tree that is desirable and pleasing to the sight and good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the [experiential] knowledge (recognition) of [the difference between] good and evil.
10Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [branching] rivers. 11The first [river] is named Pishon; it flows around the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12The gold of that land is good; bdellium (a fragrant, valuable resin) and the #It is often difficult to match the names or descriptions of ancient gems and other materials with their contemporary equivalents. Modern research indicates this may instead be carnelian, a red gemstone.onyx stone are found there. 13The name of the second river is Gihon; it flows around the entire land of Cush [in Mesopotamia]. 14The third river is named Hiddekel (Tigris); it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15So the Lord God took the man [He had made] and settled him in the Garden of Eden to cultivate and keep it. 16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may freely (unconditionally) eat [the fruit] from every tree of the garden; 17but [only] from the tree of the knowledge (recognition) of good and evil you shall not eat, otherwise on the day that you eat from it, you shall most certainly #Both spiritually and physically, physical death in the sense of becoming mortal; they were created immortal.die [because of your disobedience].”
18Now the Lord God said, “It is not good (beneficial) for the man to be alone; I will make him a helper [one who balances him—a counterpart who is] #Lit like his opposite.suitable and complementary for him.” 19So the Lord God formed out of the ground every animal of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name. 20And the man gave names to all the livestock, and to the birds of the air, and to every animal of the field; but for Adam there was not found a helper [that was] suitable (a companion) for him. 21So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and while he slept, He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22And the rib which the Lord God had taken from the man He made (fashioned, formed) into a woman, and He brought her and presented her to the man. 23Then Adam said,
“This is now bone of my bones,
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called Woman,
Because she was taken out of Man.”
24For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall be joined to his wife; and they shall become one flesh. 25And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed or embarrassed.
2
1 And heaven#Or “the sky” and earth#Or “the earth” and all their array#Or “host” were finished. 2And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. 3And God blessed the seventh day, and he sanctified#Or “hallowed” it, because on it he rested from all his work of creating that there was to do.#Literally “which God created to do”
The Generations of Heaven and Earth
4These are the generations#Or “family records” of heaven#Or “the sky” and earth#Or “the earth” when they were created, in the day that Yahweh God made earth and heaven#Or “sky”5before any plant of the field was#Literally “and every plant of the field not yet was” on earth, and before any plant of the field#Literally “and every plant of the field not yet” had sprung up, because Yahweh God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was no human being to cultivate the ground, 6but a stream would rise from the earth and water the whole face of the ground—7when#Or “and” Yahweh God formed the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article of dust from the ground, and he blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.
8And Yahweh God planted a garden in Eden in the east, and there he put the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article whom he had formed. 9And Yahweh God caused to grow every tree that was pleasing to the sight and good for food. And the tree of life was in the midst of the garden, along with#Or “and” the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10Now#Or “And” a river flowed out from Eden that watered the garden, and from there it diverged and became four branches. 11The name of the first is the Pishon. It went around all the land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12(The gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stones are there.) 13And the name of the second is Gihon. It went around all the land of Cush. 14And the name of the third is Tigris. It flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
15And Yahweh God took the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article and set him in the garden of Eden to cultivate it and to keep it. 16And Yahweh God commanded the man,#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article saying, “From every tree of the garden you may freely eat,#Literally “eating you may eat” 17but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat#Literally “of your eating” from it you shall surely die.”#Literally “dying you shall die”
18Then#Or “And” Yahweh God said, “it is not good that the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article is alone. I will make for him a helper as his counterpart.”#Literally “as his opposite” 19And out of the ground Yahweh God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the sky,#Or “the heavens” and he brought each to the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article to see what he would call it. And whatever the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article called that living creature was its name. 20And the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article gave names#Literally “called names” to every domesticated animal and to the birds of heaven#Or “the sky” and to all the wild animals.#Literally “animals of the earth/land” But for the man there was not found a helper as his counterpart.#Literally “as his opposite” 21And Yahweh God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man.#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article While#Or “And” he slept, he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh where it had been.#Literally “the flesh in the place of it” 22And Yahweh God fashioned the rib which he had taken from the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article into a woman and brought her to the man.#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article 23And the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article said,
“She is now#Literally “this one the time” bone from my bones
and flesh from my flesh;
she#Literally “this one” shall be called ‘Woman,’
for she was taken#Literally “this one was taken” from man.”
24Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and shall cling to his wife, and they shall be as one flesh. 25And the man#“The man” indicates the noun is singular and occurs with the definite article and his wife, both of them, were naked, and they were not ashamed.