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Genesis 10

10
Descendants of Noah
1These are the records of the generations (descendants) of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah; and the sons born to them after the flood:
2the sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras; 3the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah; 4the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5From these, [the people of] the coastlands of the nations were separated and spread into their lands, every one #Here and in vv 20 and 31, references are made to the different languages, in anticipation of God’s judgment of Babel (11:7-9), which resulted in a proliferation of languages.according to his own language, according to their constituent groups (families), and into their nations:
6the sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim [from whom descended the Egyptians], Put, and Canaan; 7the sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah; Sheba and Dedan. 8Cush became the father of Nimrod; he became a mighty one on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10The beginning of his kingdom was #Or Babylon.Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of Shinar [in Babylonia]. 11From that land Nimrod went to Assyria, and built Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah, 12and [Nimrod built] Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; all these [combined to form] the great city [Nineveh]. 13Mizraim [the ancestor of the Egyptians] became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim 14and Pathrusim and Casluhim—from whom came the Philistines—and Caphtorim.
15Canaan became the father of Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth 16and the Jebusite and the Amorite and the Girgashite 17and the Hivite and the Arkite and the Sinite 18and the Arvadite and the Zemarite and the Hamathite. Afterward the families of the Canaanite were spread abroad. 19The territory of the Canaanite extended from Sidon as one goes to Gerar, as far as Gaza; and as one goes to #The fact that Genesis mentions the four cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim as still standing testifies to the antiquity of this account. These cities of the plain were completely destroyed in Abraham’s time (Gen 19:27-29; Deut 29:23).Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These are the descendants of Ham according to their constituent groups, according to their languages, by their lands, and by their nations.
21Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber [including the Hebrews], the #Or the brother of Japheth the elder.older brother of Japheth, children were born. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram; 23the sons of Aram [ancestor of the Syrians]: Uz, Hul, Gether and #Also known as Meshech (1 Chr 1:17).Mash. 24Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber. 25Two sons were born to Eber; the name of one was Peleg (division), for [the inhabitants of] the earth were divided in his days; and his brother’s name was Joktan. 26Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27and Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28and #Also known as Ebal (1 Chr 1:22).Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29and Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. 30Now their territory extended from Mesha as one goes toward Sephar, to the hill country of the east. 31These are Shem’s descendants according to their constituent groups (families), according to their languages, by their lands, according to their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their descendants, by their nations; and from these [people] the nations were separated and spread abroad on the earth after the flood.
10
1Now these are the toldot of the Bnei Noach: Shem, Cham, and Yephet; and unto them were banim born after the mabbul (flood). 2The Bnei Yephet: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Yavan, and Tuval, and Meshech, and Tiras. 3And the Bnei Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphat, and Togarmah. 4And the Bnei Yavan: Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5By these were the coastlands of the Goyim divided in their lands; every one after his leshon, after their mishpechot, in their Goyim. 6And the Bnei Cham: Cush, and Mitzrayim, and Phut, and Kena'an. 7And the Bnei Cush: Seva, and Chavilah, and Savtah, and Raamah, and Savtecha; and the Bnei Raamah: Sheva, and Dedan. 8And Cush fathered Nimrod; he began to be a gibbor in ha'aretz. 9He was a gibbor, a hunter before Hashem; therefore it is said, like Nimrod the gibbor, the hunter before Hashem. 10And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Akkad, and Calneh, in Eretz Shinar. 11Out of that land he went forth to Asshur, and built Nineveh, and Rechovot-Ir, and Kelach, 12And Resen between Nineveh and Kelach; the same is haIr Hagedolah. 13And Mitzrayim fathered Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehavim, and Naphtuchim, 14And Patrusim, and Casluchim, out of whom came Pelishtim (Philistines), and Caphtorim. 15And Kena'an fathered Tzidon his bechor, and Chet, 16And the Yevusi, and the Emori, and the Girgashi, 17And the Chivvi, and the Arki, and the Sini, 18And the Arvadi, and the Tzemari, and the Chamati; and afterward were the mishpechot haKena'ani spread abroad. 19And the boundary of the Kena'ani was from Tzidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Azah (Gaza); as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Amora (Gomorrah), and Admah, and Tzevoyim, even unto Lesha. 20These are the Bnei Cham, after their mishpechot, after their leshonot, in their territories, and in their Goyim. 21Also unto Shem avi kol Bnei Ever, and the older brother of Yephet, even to him were offspring born. 22The Bnei Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram. 23And Bnei Aram: Uz, and Chul, and Geter, and Mash. 24And Arpachshad fathered Shelach; and Shelach fathered Ever. 25And unto Ever were born two banim: the shem of one was Peleg; for in his days was ha'aretz divided; and his brother's shem was Yoktan. 26And Yoktan fathered Almodad, and Sheleph, and Chatzarmavet, and Yerach, 27And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, 28And Oval, and Avimael, and Sheva, 29And Ophir, and Chavilah, and Yovav; all these were the Bnei Yoktan. 30And their moshav (dwelling) was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar har hakedem. 31These are the Bnei Shem, after their mishpechot, according to their leshonot, in their territories, after their Goyim. 32These are the mishpechot of the Bnei Noach, after their toldot, in their Goyim; and by these were the Goyim divided/separated in ha'aretz after the mabbul.