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Genesis 12

12
The Call of Abram
1#Heb 11:8; Ge 15:7Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country, your family, and your father’s house to the land that I will show you.
2#Ge 18:18; Dt 26:5; Ge 15:5 I will make of you a great nation;
I will bless you
and make your name great,
so that you will be a blessing.
3#Ge 22:18; 26:4; 27:29 I will bless them who bless you
and curse him who curses you,#From the Septuagint, a cloak with long sleeves, a full-length cloak, or an embroidered cloak, showing favoritism.
and in you all families of the earth
will be blessed.”
4#Ge 11:27; 11:31So Abram departed, as the Lord had spoken to him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Harran. 5#Ge 14:14; 11:31Abram took Sarai his wife, Lot his brother’s son, and all their possessions that they had accumulated, and the people that they had acquired in Harran, and they set out for the land of Canaan. They came to the land of Canaan.
6#Dt 11:30; Ge 35:4Then Abram passed through the land to the place of Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. The Canaanites were in the land at that time. 7#Ge 13:15; 17:1The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants I will give this land.” So he built an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.
8#Ge 4:26; Ne 11:31From there he continued on to a mountain to the east of Bethel and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and called on the name of the Lord. 9#Ge 13:3; 24:62Then Abram continued his journey toward the Negev.
Abram in Egypt
Ge 20:1–18; 26:1–11
10#Ge 43:1Now there was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to live there, for the famine was severe in the land. 11#Ge 26:7; 29:17When he was getting near to Egypt, he said to Sarai his wife, “I know you are a beautiful woman. 12#Ge 20:11; 26:7Therefore, when the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ They will then kill me, but they will let you live. 13#Ge 20:2; 26:7Say you are my sister so that I may be treated well for your sake. Then my life will be spared because of you.”
14So when Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that Sarai was very beautiful. 15#Ge 20:2The princes of Pharaoh saw her and commended her to Pharaoh, and she was taken into Pharaoh’s house. 16#Ge 13:2; 20:14He treated Abram well for her sake and he had sheep and livestock, male and female donkeys, male and female servants, and camels.
17#1Ch 16:21; Ge 20:18But the Lord afflicted Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Abram’s wife, Sarai. 18#Ge 20:9–10So Pharaoh called Abram, and said, “What have you done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife? 19Why did you say, ‘She is my sister’? I might have taken her as my wife. Now here is your wife; take her and leave.” 20Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him, and they sent him away with his wife and all that he had.
12
1The Lord told Abram, “Leave your country, your relatives, your family home,#12:1. “Your family home”: literally, “your father's house.” and travel to the country I'm going to show you. 2I will make you the ancestor of a great nation and I will bless you. I will make sure you have a great reputation and that you are a blessing to others. 3I will bless those who bless you; I will curse those who curse you. Everyone on earth will be blessed through you.”
4So Abram left following the Lord's instructions, and Lot went with him. Abram was 75 when he left Haran. 5With him went his wife Sarai, his nephew Lot, together with all the possessions they had collected and the people that had joined them#12:5. “The people that had joined them”: this would include servants, but the term used is not specific and applies to anyone who had joined Abram's group for whatever reason. in Harran. They left for the land of Canaan.
When they arrived there, 6Abram traveled on through the country as far as a place called Shechem, stopping at the oak tree of Moreh. At that time the country was occupied by Canaanites.
7The Lord appeared to Abram and said, “I'm going to give this land to your descendants.” So Abram built an altar to the Lord there because that was where the Lord appeared to him. 8Then he moved on to the hill country east of Bethel and set up camp there. Bethel was to the west and Ai to the east. He built an altar to the Lord there and worshiped him. 9After that he went on his way, heading towards the Negev.#12:9. “The Negev”: the desert area to the south.
10But the land had been hit by famine. So Abram continued on to Egypt, planning to live there because the famine was so bad. 11As he approached Egypt and was about to cross the border, he said to his wife Sarai, “Look, I know what a beautiful woman you are. 12When the Egyptians see you, they'll say, ‘She's his wife,’ and they'll kill me but not you! 13Tell them you're my sister so I'll be treated well because of you, and my life will be spared for your sake.”
14When Abram arrived in Egypt, the people there saw how beautiful Sarai was. 15Pharaoh's officials also noticed and spoke positively about her to Pharaoh. So Sarai was taken to his palace to become one of his wives.#12:15. “To become one of his wives”: supplied for clarity. 16Pharaoh treated Abram well because of her, giving him sheep and cattle, male donkeys, male servants, female servants, female donkeys, and camels.
17But the Lord caused Pharaoh and the people in his palace to suffer from terrible diseases because of Sarai, Abram's wife. 18So Pharaoh ordered Abram brought to him and said, “What have you done to me? Why didn't you tell me that she was your wife? 19Why did you say, ‘She's my sister,’ and let me take her to become one of my wives? So here's your wife! Take her and leave!”
20Pharaoh ordered his guards to expel him and his wife from the country, along with everyone with them and all their possessions.