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Genesis 10

10
The Table of Nations
1#Ge 2:4Now these are the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah. And sons were born to them after the flood.
The Japhethites
1Ch 1:5–7
2#Eze 38:2; 38:6; 1Ch 1:5–7The sons of Japheth were
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek, and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer were
Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4#Nu 24:24; Isa 23:1The sons of Javan were
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. 5#Ge 10:20; Jer 2:10From these the coastlands of the nations were divided#Or separated themselves. into their lands, everyone according to his tongue, according to their families, by their nations.
The Hamites
1Ch 1:8–16
6The sons of Ham were
Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
7#Eze 27:22; 27:15The sons of Cush were
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteka;
and the sons of Raamah were
Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was the father of Nimrod. He became a mighty one on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord. Therefore it is said, “Even like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10#Ge 11:2; 11:9The beginning of his kingdom was Babel,#Or Babylon. Uruk, Akkad, and Kalneh in the land of Shinar. 11#Mic 5:6; Ps 83:8From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, the city Rehoboth Ir, and Calah, 12and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city).
13#1Ch 1:11–12; Jer 46:9Egypt was the father of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14#Jer 47:4; Dt 2:23Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorites.
15#Ge 15:18–21; 1Ch 1:13Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 19#Ge 14:2The border of the Canaanites was from Sidon toward Gerar to Gaza, and then to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.
20These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands and in their nations.
The Semites
Ge 11:10–27; 1Ch 1:17–27
21#Nu 24:24To Shem, who was the father of all the children of Eber, whose older brother was Japheth,#Or the older brother of Japheth. were sons born also.
22#Isa 66:19The sons of Shem were
Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23#Job 1:1; Jer 25:20The sons of Aram were
Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshek.
24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,
and Shelah was the father of Eber.
25#1Ch 1:19To Eber were born two sons.
The name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; his brother’s name was Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of
Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29#1Ki 9:28Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.
30Their dwelling place was from Mesha all the way to Sephar, the hill country of the east.
31#Ge 10:5; 10:20These are the sons of Shem, by their families and their language, in their lands and their nations.
32#Ge 9:19; 10:1These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, in their nations. From these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.
10
The Descendants of the Sons of Noah
1These are the generations#Or “family records” of the sons of Noah—Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Children#Or “sons” were born to them after the flood. 2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4And the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5From these the coastland peoples spread out through their lands, each according to his own language by their own families, in their nations.
6And the sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. 7And the sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8And Cush fathered Nimrod. He was the first on earth to be a mighty warrior.#Literally “He began to be a mighty warrior on the earth” 9He was a mighty hunter before Yahweh. Therefore it was said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before Yahweh.” 10Now,#Or “And” the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11From that land he went out to Assyria, and he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 12Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13And Egypt fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14Pathrusim, and Casluhim (from whom the Philistines came), and Caphtorim.
15Canaan fathered Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the families of the Canaanites were spread abroad. 19And the territory of the Canaanites was from Sidon in the direction of#Literally “in your going” Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of#Literally “in your going” Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These are the descendants#Or “sons” (“descendants” was chosen since the proper names in this section are gentilic in form—that is, they indicate one’s place of origin—and have the definite article) of Ham, according to their families and their languages, in their lands, and in their nations.
21And to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the older brother of Japheth, children were also born. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. 23And the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24And Arphaxad fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber. 25And to Eber two sons were born. The name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided, and the name of his brother was Joktan. 26And Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. 30And their dwelling place extended from#Literally “was from” Mesha in the direction of#Literally “in your going” Sephar to the hill country of the east. 31These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands, and according to their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations#Or “family records” and in their nations. And from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.