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Genesis 16

16
Hagar and Ishmael
1Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, #Gen. 11:30; 15:2, 3had borne him no children. And she had #Gen. 12:16; 21:9an Egyptian maidservant whose name was #Gal. 4:24Hagar. 2#Gen. 30:3So Sarai said to Abram, “See now, the Lord #Gen. 20:18has restrained me from bearing children. Please, #Gen. 30:3, 9go in to my maid; perhaps I shall obtain children by her.” And Abram #Gen. 3:17heeded the voice of Sarai. 3Then Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar her maid, the Egyptian, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife, after Abram #Gen. 12:4, 5had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan. 4So he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress became #1 Sam. 1:6, 7; (Prov. 30:21, 23)despised in her eyes.
5Then Sarai said to Abram, “My wrong be upon you! I gave my maid into your embrace; and when she saw that she had conceived, I became despised in her eyes. #Gen. 31:53; Ex. 5:21The Lord judge between you and me.”
6#1 Pet. 3:7So Abram said to Sarai, “Indeed your maid is in your hand; do to her as you please.” And when Sarai dealt harshly with her, #Gen. 16:9; Ex. 2:15she fled from her presence.
7Now the #Gen. 21:17, 18; 22:11, 15; 31:11Angel of the Lord found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, #Gen. 20:1; 25:18by the spring on the way to #Ex. 15:22Shur. 8And He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s maid, where have you come from, and where are you going?”
She said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.”
9The Angel of the Lord said to her, “Return to your mistress, and #(Titus 2:9)submit yourself under her hand.” 10Then the Angel of the Lord said to her, #Gen. 17:20“I will multiply your descendants exceedingly, so that they shall not be counted for multitude.” 11And the Angel of the Lord said to her:
“Behold, you are with child,
#Luke 1:13, 31And you shall bear a son.
You shall call his name Ishmael,
Because the Lord has heard your affliction.
12#Gen. 21:20; Job 24:5; 39:5–8He shall be a wild man;
His hand shall be against every man,
And every man’s hand against him.
#Gen. 25:18And he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.”
13Then she called the name of the Lord who spoke to her, You-Are-the-God-Who-Sees; for she said, “Have I also here seen Him #Gen. 31:42who sees me?” 14Therefore the well was called #Gen. 24:62Beer Lahai Roi; observe, it is #Gen. 14:7; Num. 13:26between Kadesh and Bered.
15So #Gal. 4:22Hagar bore Abram a son; and Abram named his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. 16Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.
16
Abram, Hagar, and Ishmael
1Abram's wife Sarai had not been able to have any children. But she owned a young Egyptian slave woman named Hagar, 2and Sarai said to Abram, “The LORD has not given me any children. Sleep with my slave, and if she has a child, it will be mine.”#16.2 Sleep…mine: It was the custom for a wife who could not have children to let her husband sleep with one of her slave women. The children of the slave would belong to the wife. Abram agreed, 3and Sarai gave him Hagar to be his wife. This happened after Abram had lived in the land of Canaan for ten years. 4Later, when Hagar knew she was going to have a baby, she became proud and was hateful to Sarai.
5Then Sarai said to Abram, “It's all your fault!#16.5 It's…fault: Or “I hope you'll be punished for what you did to me!” I gave you my slave woman, but she has been hateful to me ever since she found out she was pregnant. You have done me wrong, and you will have to answer to the LORD for this.”
6Abram said, “All right! She's your slave, and you can do whatever you want with her.” But Sarai began treating Hagar so harshly that she finally ran away.
7Hagar stopped to rest at a spring in the desert on the road to Shur. While she was there, the angel of the LORD came to her 8and asked, “Hagar, where have you come from, and where are you going?”
She answered, “I'm running away from Sarai, my owner.”
9The angel said, “Go back to Sarai and be her slave. 10-11I will give you a son, who will be called Ishmael,#16.10,11 Ishmael: In Hebrew “Ishmael” sounds like “God hears”. because I have heard your cry for help. And later I will give you so many descendants that no one will be able to count them all. 12But your son will live far from his relatives; he will be like a wild donkey, fighting everyone, and everyone fighting him.”
13Hagar thought, “Have I really seen God and lived to tell about it?”#16.13 Have…it: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. So from then on she called him, “The God who Sees Me”.#16.13 The God who Sees Me: Or “The God I have Seen”. 14That's why people call the well between Kadesh and Bered, “The Well of the Living One who Sees Me”.#16.14 The Well…Me: Or “Beer-Lahai-Roi” (see 25.11).
15-16Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar gave birth to their son, and he named him Ishmael.#Ga 4.22.