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Genesis 10

10
Nations Descended from Noah
1Now this is the genealogy of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. #Gen. 9:1, 7, 19And sons were born to them after the flood.
2#1 Chr. 1:5–7The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5From these #Gen. 11:8; Ps. 72:10; Jer. 2:10; 25:22the coastland peoples of the Gentiles were separated into their lands, everyone according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.
6#1 Chr. 1:8–16The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 7The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush begot #Mic. 5:6Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth. 9He was a mighty #Jer. 16:16; Mic. 7:2hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod the mighty hunter #Gen. 21:20before the Lord.” 10#Mic. 5:6And the beginning of his kingdom was #Gen. 11:9Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11From that land he went to #Gen. 25:18; 2 Kin. 19:36; Mic. 5:6Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, 12and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city).
13Mizraim begot Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14Pathrusim, and Casluhim #1 Chr. 1:12(from whom came the Philistines and Caphtorim).
15Canaan begot Sidon his firstborn, and #Gen. 23:3Heth; 16#Gen. 14:7; 15:19–21; Deut. 7:1; Neh. 9:8the Jebusite, the Amorite, and the Girgashite; 17the Hivite, the Arkite, and the Sinite; 18the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Afterward the families of the Canaanites were dispersed. 19#Gen. 13:12, 14, 15, 17; 15:18–21; Num. 34:2–12And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; then as you go toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These were the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands and in their nations.
21And children were born also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder. 22The #Gen. 11:10–26; 1 Chr. 1:17–28sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, #Gen. 10:24; 11:10; Luke 3:36Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. 23The sons of Aram were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24Arphaxad begot #Gen. 11:12; Luke 3:35Salah, and Salah begot Eber. 25#1 Chr. 1:19To Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. 26Joktan begot Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. 30And their dwelling place was from Mesha as you go toward Sephar, the mountain of the east. 31These were the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands, according to their nations.
32#Gen. 10:1These were the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, in their nations; #Gen. 9:19; 11:8and from these the nations were divided on the earth after the flood.
10
The Descendants of the Sons of Noah
1These are the generations#Or “family records” of the sons of Noah—Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Children#Or “sons” were born to them after the flood. 2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4And the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 5From these the coastland peoples spread out through their lands, each according to his own language by their own families, in their nations.
6And the sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. 7And the sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8And Cush fathered Nimrod. He was the first on earth to be a mighty warrior.#Literally “He began to be a mighty warrior on the earth” 9He was a mighty hunter before Yahweh. Therefore it was said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before Yahweh.” 10Now,#Or “And” the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11From that land he went out to Assyria, and he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 12Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13And Egypt fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14Pathrusim, and Casluhim (from whom the Philistines came), and Caphtorim.
15Canaan fathered Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the families of the Canaanites were spread abroad. 19And the territory of the Canaanites was from Sidon in the direction of#Literally “in your going” Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of#Literally “in your going” Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20These are the descendants#Or “sons” (“descendants” was chosen since the proper names in this section are gentilic in form—that is, they indicate one’s place of origin—and have the definite article) of Ham, according to their families and their languages, in their lands, and in their nations.
21And to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the older brother of Japheth, children were also born. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. 23And the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24And Arphaxad fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber. 25And to Eber two sons were born. The name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided, and the name of his brother was Joktan. 26And Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. 30And their dwelling place extended from#Literally “was from” Mesha in the direction of#Literally “in your going” Sephar to the hill country of the east. 31These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands, and according to their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations#Or “family records” and in their nations. And from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.