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Genesis 10

10
The table of nations
1This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, who themselves had sons after the flood.
The Japhethites
2The sons#10:2 Sons may mean descendants or successors or nations; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31. of Japheth:
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer:
Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
4The sons of Javan:
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.#10:4 Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text Dodanites 5(From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)
The Hamites
6The sons of Ham:
Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.
7The sons of Cush:
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteka.
The sons of Raamah:
Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was the father#10:8 Father may mean ancestor or predecessor or founder; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26. of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; that is why it is said, ‘Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.’ 10The first centres of his kingdom were Babylon, Uruk, Akkad and Kalneh, in#10:10 Or Uruk and Akkad – all of them in Shinar.#10:10 That is, Babylonia 11From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir,#10:11 Or Nineveh with its city squares Calah 12and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah – which is the great city.
13Egypt was the father of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
15Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn,#10:15 Or of the Sidonians, the foremost and of the Hittites, 16Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.
(Later the Canaanite clans scattered 19and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon towards Gerar as far as Gaza, and then towards Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.)
20These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
The Semites
21Sons were also born to Shem, whose elder brother was#10:21 Or Shem, the elder brother of Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.
22The sons of Shem:
Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.
23The sons of Aram:
Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshek.#10:23 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:17; Hebrew Mash.
24Arphaxad was the father of#10:24 Hebrew; Septuagint father of Cainan, and Cainan was the father of Shelah,
and Shelah the father of Eber.
25Two sons were born to Eber:
One was named Peleg,#10:25 Peleg means division. because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of
Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.
30(The region where they lived stretched from Mesha towards Sephar, in the eastern hill country.)
31These are the sons of Shem by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
32These are the clans of Noah’s sons, according to their lines of descent, within their nations. From these the nations spread out over the earth after the flood.
10
The Table of Nations
1#Ge 2:4Now these are the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah. And sons were born to them after the flood.
The Japhethites
1Ch 1:5–7
2#Eze 38:2; 38:6; 1Ch 1:5–7The sons of Japheth were
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek, and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer were
Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
4#Nu 24:24; Isa 23:1The sons of Javan were
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. 5#Ge 10:20; Jer 2:10From these the coastlands of the nations were divided#Or separated themselves. into their lands, everyone according to his tongue, according to their families, by their nations.
The Hamites
1Ch 1:8–16
6The sons of Ham were
Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
7#Eze 27:22; 27:15The sons of Cush were
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteka;
and the sons of Raamah were
Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was the father of Nimrod. He became a mighty one on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord. Therefore it is said, “Even like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10#Ge 11:2; 11:9The beginning of his kingdom was Babel,#Or Babylon. Uruk, Akkad, and Kalneh in the land of Shinar. 11#Mic 5:6; Ps 83:8From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, the city Rehoboth Ir, and Calah, 12and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city).
13#1Ch 1:11–12; Jer 46:9Egypt was the father of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14#Jer 47:4; Dt 2:23Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorites.
15#Ge 15:18–21; 1Ch 1:13Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16and the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. 19#Ge 14:2The border of the Canaanites was from Sidon toward Gerar to Gaza, and then to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.
20These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands and in their nations.
The Semites
Ge 11:10–27; 1Ch 1:17–27
21#Nu 24:24To Shem, who was the father of all the children of Eber, whose older brother was Japheth,#Or the older brother of Japheth. were sons born also.
22#Isa 66:19The sons of Shem were
Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23#Job 1:1; Jer 25:20The sons of Aram were
Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshek.
24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,
and Shelah was the father of Eber.
25#1Ch 1:19To Eber were born two sons.
The name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; his brother’s name was Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of
Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29#1Ki 9:28Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.
30Their dwelling place was from Mesha all the way to Sephar, the hill country of the east.
31#Ge 10:5; 10:20These are the sons of Shem, by their families and their language, in their lands and their nations.
32#Ge 9:19; 10:1These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, in their nations. From these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.