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Genesis 35

35
Jacob Returns to Bethel
1Then God said to Jacob, “Go up to Bethel and settle there, and build an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you were fleeing from your brother Esau.”
2So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have with you, and purify yourselves and change your clothes. 3Then come, let us go up to Bethel, where I will build an altar to God, who answered me in the day of my distress and who has been with me wherever I have gone.” 4So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods they had and the rings in their ears, and Jacob buried them under the oak at Shechem. 5Then they set out, and the terror of God fell on the towns all around them so that no one pursued them.
6Jacob and all the people with him came to Luz (that is, Bethel) in the land of Canaan. 7There he built an altar, and he called the place El Bethel,#35:7 El Bethel means God of Bethel. because it was there that God revealed himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother.
8Now Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak outside Bethel. So it was named Allon Bakuth.#35:8 Allon Bakuth means oak of weeping.
9After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram,#35:9 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia; also in verse 26 God appeared to him again and blessed him. 10God said to him, “Your name is Jacob,#35:10 Jacob means he grasps the heel, a Hebrew idiom for he deceives. but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.#35:10 Israel probably means he struggles with God.” So he named him Israel.
11And God said to him, “I am God Almighty#35:11 Hebrew El-Shaddai; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will be among your descendants. 12The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.” 13Then God went up from him at the place where he had talked with him.
14Jacob set up a stone pillar at the place where God had talked with him, and he poured out a drink offering on it; he also poured oil on it. 15Jacob called the place where God had talked with him Bethel.#35:15 Bethel means house of God.
The Deaths of Rachel and Isaac
16Then they moved on from Bethel. While they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth and had great difficulty. 17And as she was having great difficulty in childbirth, the midwife said to her, “Don’t despair, for you have another son.” 18As she breathed her last—for she was dying—she named her son Ben-Oni.#35:18 Ben-Oni means son of my trouble. But his father named him Benjamin.#35:18 Benjamin means son of my right hand.
19So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 20Over her tomb Jacob set up a pillar, and to this day that pillar marks Rachel’s tomb.
21Israel moved on again and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 22While Israel was living in that region, Reuben went in and slept with his father’s concubine Bilhah, and Israel heard of it.
Jacob had twelve sons:
23The sons of Leah:
Reuben the firstborn of Jacob,
Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun.
24The sons of Rachel:
Joseph and Benjamin.
25The sons of Rachel’s servant Bilhah:
Dan and Naphtali.
26The sons of Leah’s servant Zilpah:
Gad and Asher.
These were the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan Aram.
27Jacob came home to his father Isaac in Mamre, near Kiriath Arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 28Isaac lived a hundred and eighty years. 29Then he breathed his last and died and was gathered to his people, old and full of years. And his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
35
Return to Bethel
1God said to Jacob, “Get up! Go to Bethel and settle there. # Gn 28:19 Build an altar there to the God who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” # Gn 27:43
2So Jacob said to his family and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods that are among you. # Gn 31:19; Jos 24:23; 1Sm 7:3 Purify yourselves and change your clothes. # Ex 19:10 3We must get up and go to Bethel. I will build an altar there to the God who answered me in my day of distress. # 1Sm 7:9; 2Sm 24:25; Jb 12:4; Ps 20:1; 34:4 He has been with me everywhere I have gone.” # Gn 28:10-22
4Then they gave Jacob all their foreign gods and their earrings, and Jacob hid them under the oak near Shechem. 5When they set out, a terror from God came over the cities around them, and they did not pursue Jacob’s sons. # Ex 23:27 6So Jacob and all who were with him came to Luz (that is, Bethel # Gn 28:19; 48:3) in the land of Canaan. 7Jacob built an altar there and called the place God of Bethel # Or El-bethel because it was there that God had revealed Himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother.
8Deborah, the one who had nursed and raised Rebekah, # Lit Deborah, Rebekah’s wet nurse ; Gn 24:59 # Gn 24:59 died and was buried under the oak south of Bethel. So Jacob named it Oak of Weeping. # Or Allon-bacuth
9God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan-aram, and He blessed him. 10God said to him:
Your name is Jacob;
you will no longer be named Jacob,
but your name will be Israel. # Gn 17:5; 32:28
So He named him Israel. 11God also said to him:
I am God Almighty. # Gn 17:1; 28:3; Ex 6:3
Be fruitful and multiply. # Gn 9:1,7
A nation, indeed an assembly of nations,
will come from you, # Gn 48:4
and kings will descend from you. # Lit will come from your loins # Gn 17:6,16; 36:31
12I will give to you the land
that I gave to Abraham and Isaac. # Gn 12:7; 13:15; 26:3-4; 28:13; Ex 32:13
And I will give the land
to your future descendants.
13Then God withdrew # Lit went up # Gn 17:22; 18:33 from him at the place where He had spoken to him.
14Jacob set up a marker at the place where He had spoken to him — a stone marker. He poured a drink offering on it and anointed it with oil. # Gn 28:18-19; 31:45 15Jacob named the place where God had spoken with him Bethel.
Rachel’s Death
16They set out from Bethel. When they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth, and her labor was difficult. 17During her difficult labor, the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you have another son.” # Gn 30:24 18With her last breath — for she was dying — she named him Ben-oni, # = Son of My Sorrow but his father called him Benjamin. # = Son of the Right Hand 19So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem # Mc 5:2; Mt 2:18). 20Jacob set up a marker on her grave; it is the marker at Rachel’s grave to this day.
Israel’s Sons
21Israel set out again and pitched his tent beyond the Tower of Eder. # Or beyond Migdal-eder 22While Israel was living in that region, Reuben went in and slept with his father’s concubine Bilhah, and Israel heard about it. # Gn 49:3-4
Jacob had 12 sons: # 1Ch 2:1-2
23Leah’s sons were Reuben (Jacob’s firstborn),
Simeon, Levi, Judah,
Issachar, and Zebulun.
24Rachel’s sons were
Joseph and Benjamin.
25The sons of Rachel’s slave Bilhah
were Dan and Naphtali.
26The sons of Leah’s slave Zilpah
were Gad and Asher.
These are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan-aram.
Isaac’s Death
27Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre # Gn 13:18; 18:1; 23:19 in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron # Jos 14:15), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 28Isaac lived 180 years. 29He took his last breath and died, and was gathered to his people, # Gn 25:8,17; 49:33; Nm 20:24,26; Dt 32:50 old and full of days. His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.