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Genesis 10

10
The Table of Nations
1This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, who themselves had sons after the flood.
The Japhethites
2The sons#10:2 Sons may mean descendants or successors or nations; also in verses 3, 4, 6, 7, 20-23, 29 and 31. of Japheth:
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.
3The sons of Gomer:
Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.
4The sons of Javan:
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.#10:4 Some manuscripts of the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch (see also Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:7); most manuscripts of the Masoretic Text Dodanites 5(From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)
The Hamites
6The sons of Ham:
Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.
7The sons of Cush:
Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteka.
The sons of Raamah:
Sheba and Dedan.
8Cush was the father#10:8 Father may mean ancestor or predecessor or founder; also in verses 13, 15, 24 and 26. of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; that is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon, Uruk, Akkad and Kalneh, in#10:10 Or Uruk and Akkad—all of them in Shinar.#10:10 That is, Babylonia 11From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir,#10:11 Or Nineveh with its city squares Calah 12and Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah—which is the great city.
13Egypt was the father of
the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
15Canaan was the father of
Sidon his firstborn,#10:15 Or of the Sidonians, the foremost and of the Hittites, 16Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 17Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 18Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.
Later the Canaanite clans scattered 19and the borders of Canaan reached from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim, as far as Lasha.
20These are the sons of Ham by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
The Semites
21Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was#10:21 Or Shem, the older brother of Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.
22The sons of Shem:
Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.
23The sons of Aram:
Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshek.#10:23 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. 1:17; Hebrew Mash.
24Arphaxad was the father of#10:24 Hebrew; Septuagint father of Cainan, and Cainan was the father of Shelah,
and Shelah the father of Eber.
25Two sons were born to Eber:
One was named Peleg,#10:25 Peleg means division. because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.
26Joktan was the father of
Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.
30The region where they lived stretched from Mesha toward Sephar, in the eastern hill country.
31These are the sons of Shem by their clans and languages, in their territories and nations.
32These are the clans of Noah’s sons, according to their lines of descent, within their nations. From these the nations spread out over the earth after the flood.
10
1Here is the genealogy of the sons of Noach — Shem, Ham and Yefet; sons were born to them after the flood.
2The sons of Yefet were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Yavan, Tuval, Meshekh and Tiras. 3The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Rifat and Togarmah. 4The sons of Yavan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim. 5From these the islands of the nations were divided into their lands, each according to its language, according to their families, in their nations.
6The sons of Ham were Kush, Mitzrayim, Put and Kena‘an. 7The sons of Kush were S’va, Havilah, Savta, Ra‘mah and Savt’kha. The sons of Ra‘mah were Sh’va and D’dan.
8Kush fathered Nimrod, who was the first powerful ruler on earth. 9He was a mighty hunter before Adonai this is why people say, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before Adonai.10His kingdom began with Bavel, Erekh, Akkad and Kalneh, in the land of Shin‘ar. 11Ashur went out from that land and built Ninveh, the city Rechovot, Kelach, 12and Resen between Ninveh and Kelach — that one is the great city.
13Mitzrayim fathered the Ludim, the ‘Anamim, the L’havim, the Naftuchim, 14the Patrusim, the Kasluchim (from whom came the P’lishtim) and the Kaftorim.
15Kena‘an fathered Tzidon his firstborn, Het, 16the Y’vusi, the Emori, the Girgashi, 17the Hivi, the ‘Arki, the Sini, 18the Arvadi, the Tz’mari and the Hamati. Afterwards, the families of the Kena‘ani were dispersed. 19The border of the Kena‘ani was from Tzidon, as you go toward G’rar, to ‘Azah; as you go toward S’dom, ‘Amora, Admah and Tzvoyim, to Lesha.
20These were the descendants of Ham, according to their families and languages, in their lands and in their nations.
21Children were also born to Shem, ancestor of all the descendants of ‘Ever and older brother of Yefet. 22The sons of Shem were ‘Elam, Ashur, Arpakhshad, Lud and Aram. 23The sons of Aram were ‘Utz, Hul, Geter and Mash. 24Arpakhshad fathered Shelach, and Shelach fathered ‘Ever. 25To ‘Ever were born two sons. One was given the name Peleg [division], because during his lifetime the earth was divided. His brother’s name was Yoktan. 26Yoktan fathered Almodad, Shelef, Hatzar-Mavet, Yerach, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28‘Oval, Avima’el, Sheva, 29Ofir, Havilah and Yovav — all these were the sons of Yoktan. 30Their territory stretched from Mesha, as you go toward S’far, to the mountain in the east.
31These were the descendants of Shem, according to their families and languages, in their lands and in their nations.
32These were the families of the sons of Noach, according to their generations, in their nations. From these the nations of the earth were divided up after the flood.